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TITLE: Communications Managers

DEFINITION: Plan, direct, and coordinate the communication operations within an organization, or the activities of organizations that provide communication services, such as radio and TV broadcasting or telecommunications.

  • TASKS
  • KNOWLEDGE
  • SKILLS
  • ABILITIES
  • WORK ACTIVITIES
  • WORK CONTEXT
  • INTERESTS
  • WORK VALUES
  • CROSSWALKS


    TASKS:

    1. Supervises personnel directly, or through subordinates and coordinates worker or departmental activities.

    2. Directs investigation of rates, services, activities, or station operations to ensure compliance with government regulations.

    3. Prepares or directs preparation of plans, proposals, reports, or other documents.

    4. Develops operating procedures and policies and interprets for personnel.

    5. Analyzes reports, data, studies, or governmental ruling to determine status, appropriate response, or effect on operations or profitability.

    6. Confers with officials, administrators, management, or others to discuss programs, services, production, or procedures.

    7. Directs, coordinates, and inspects equipment installations to ensure compliance with regulations, standards, and deadlines.

    8. Plans work activities and prepares schedules.

    9. Directs testing and inspection of equipment for operational performance.

    10. Makes recommendations or advises personnel regarding procedures, acquisitions, complaints, or business activities.

    11. Negotiates settlements, contractual agreements, or services with company representatives or owners.

    12. Reviews and authorizes or approves recommendations, contracts, plans, or requisitions for equipment and supplies.

    13. Prepares budget for department, station, or program and monitors expenses.

    14. Determines work force requirement, hires and discharges workers, and assign work.

    15. Conducts studies to determine effectiveness and adequacy of equipment, work load, or estimated equipment and maintenance costs.

    16. Reviews accounts and records and verifies accuracy of cash balances.

    KNOWLEDGE:
    Knowledge elements are ranked by importance.

    90 Administration and Management
    Knowledge of principles and processes involved in business and organizational planning, coordination, and execution. This includes strategic planning, resource allocation, manpower modeling, leadership techniques, and production methods

    80 Telecommunications
    Knowledge of transmission, broadcasting, switching, control, and operation of telecommunications systems

    80 Personnel and Human Resources
    Knowledge of policies and practices involved in personnel/human resource functions. This includes recruitment, selection, training, and promotion regulations and procedures; compensation and benefits packages; labor relations and negotiation strategies; and personnel information systems

    65 Communications and Media
    Knowledge of media production, communication, and dissemination techniques and methods including alternative ways to inform and entertain via written, oral, and visual media

    60 English Language
    Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar

    60 Mathematics
    Knowledge of numbers, their operations, and interrelationships including arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications

    45 Economics and Accounting
    Knowledge of economic and accounting principles and practices, the financial markets, banking, and the analysis and reporting of financial data

    40 Psychology
    Knowledge of human behavior and performance, mental processes, psychological research methods, and the assessment and treatment of behavioral and affective disorders

    35 Computers and Electronics
    Knowledge of electric circuit boards, processors, chips, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming

    30 Engineering and Technology
    Knowledge of equipment, tools, mechanical devices, and their uses to produce motion, light, power, technology, and other applications

    30 Education and Training
    Knowledge of instructional methods and training techniques including curriculum design principles, learning theory, group and individual teaching techniques, design of individual development plans, and test design principles

    30 Law, Government and Jurisprudence
    Knowledge of laws, legal codes, court procedures, precedents, government regulations, executive orders, agency rules, and the democratic political process

    25 Mechanical
    Knowledge of machines and tools, including their designs, uses, benefits, repair, and maintenance

    20 Clerical
    Knowledge of administrative and clerical procedures and systems such as word processing systems, filing and records management systems, stenography and transcription, forms design principles, and other office procedures and terminology

    20 Production and Processing
    Knowledge of inputs, outputs, raw materials, waste, quality control, costs, and techniques for maximizing the manufacture and distribution of goods

    15 Sales and Marketing
    Knowledge of principles and methods involved in showing, promoting, and selling products or services. This includes marketing strategies and tactics, product demonstration and sales techniques, and sales control systems

    15 Design
    Knowledge of design techniques, principles, tools and instruments involved in the production and use of precision technical plans, blueprints, drawings, and models

    10 Customer and Personal Service
    Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services including needs assessment techniques, quality service standards, alternative delivery systems, and customer satisfaction evaluation techniques

    10 Sociology and Anthropology
    Knowledge of group behavior and dynamics, societal trends and influences, cultures, their history, migrations, ethnicity, and origins

    10 Physics
    Knowledge and prediction of physical principles, laws, and applications including air, water, material dynamics, light, atomic principles, heat, electric theory, earth formations, and meteorological and related natural phenomena

    5 Building and Construction
    Knowledge of materials, methods, and the appropriate tools to construct objects, structures, and buildings

    5 Chemistry
    Knowledge of the composition, structure, and properties of substances and of the chemical processes and transformations that they undergo. This includes uses of chemicals and their interactions, danger signs, production techniques, and disposal methods

    5 Therapy and Counseling
    Knowledge of information and techniques needed to rehabilitate physical and mental ailments and to provide career guidance including alternative treatments, rehabilitation equipment and its proper use, and methods to evaluate treatment effects

    5 Public Safety and Security
    Knowledge of weaponry, public safety, and security operations, rules, regulations, precautions, prevention, and the protection of people, data, and property

    SKILLS:
    Skills elements are ranked by importance.

    90 Coordination
    Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions

    85 Time Management
    Managing one's own time and the time of others

    85 Management of Personnel Resources
    Motivating, developing, and directing people as they work, identifying the best people for the job

    85 Reading Comprehension
    Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents

    85 Writing
    Communicating effectively with others in writing as indicated by the needs of the audience

    80 Information Gathering
    Knowing how to find information and identifying essential information

    80 Management of Financial Resources
    Determining how money will be spent to get the work done, and accounting for these expenditures

    75 Active Listening
    Listening to what other people are saying and asking questions as appropriate

    75 Speaking
    Talking to others to effectively convey information

    75 Problem Identification
    Identifying the nature of problems

    75 Judgment and Decision Making
    Weighing the relative costs and benefits of a potential action

    75 Idea Evaluation
    Evaluating the likely success of an idea in relation to the demands of the situation

    70 Idea Generation
    Generating a number of different approaches to problems

    70 Monitoring
    Assessing how well one is doing when learning or doing something

    70 Systems Evaluation
    Looking at many indicators of system performance, taking into account their accuracy

    70 Critical Thinking
    Using logic and analysis to identify the strengths and weaknesses of different approaches

    70 Negotiation
    Bringing others together and trying to reconcile differences

    70 Mathematics
    Using mathematics to solve problems

    70 Implementation Planning
    Developing approaches for implementing an idea

    70 Management of Material Resources
    Obtaining and seeing to the appropriate use of equipment, facilities, and materials needed to do certain work

    70 Identification of Key Causes
    Identifying the things that must be changed to achieve a goal

    65 Solution Appraisal
    Observing and evaluating the outcomes of a problem solution to identify lessons learned or redirect efforts

    65 Identifying Downstream Consequences
    Determining the long-term outcomes of a change in operations

    60 Product Inspection
    Inspecting and evaluating the quality of products

    60 Systems Perception
    Determining when important changes have occurred in a system or are likely to occur

    60 Active Learning
    Working with new material or information to grasp its implications

    60 Social Perceptiveness
    Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react the way they do

    60 Visioning
    Developing an image of how a system should work under ideal conditions

    55 Information Organization
    Finding ways to structure or classify multiple pieces of information

    50 Instructing
    Teaching others how to do something

    50 Persuasion
    Persuading others to approach things differently

    45 Synthesis/Reorganization
    Reorganizing information to get a better approach to problems or tasks

    45 Operations Analysis
    Analyzing needs and product requirements to create a design

    40 Learning Strategies
    Using multiple approaches when learning or teaching new things

    35 Equipment Selection
    Determining the kind of tools and equipment needed to do a job

    35 Testing
    Conducting tests to determine whether equipment, software, or procedures are operating as expected

    30 Troubleshooting
    Determining what is causing an operating error and deciding what to do about it

    25 Operation and Control
    Controlling operations of equipment or systems

    20 Operation Monitoring
    Watching gauges, dials, or other indicators to make sure a machine is working properly

    20 Installation
    Installing equipment, machines, wiring, or programs to meet specifications

    15 Science
    Using scientific methods to solve problems

    15 Service Orientation
    Actively looking for ways to help people

    15 Equipment Maintenance
    Performing routine maintenance and determining when and what kind of maintenance is needed

    10 Repairing
    Repairing machines or systems using the needed tools

    10 Technology Design
    Generating or adapting equipment and technology to serve user needs .

    ABILITIES:
    Abilities elements are ranked by importance.

    90 Oral Expression
    The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand

    85 Written Comprehension
    The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing

    85 Written Expression
    The ability to communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand

    80 Oral Comprehension
    The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences

    80 Problem Sensitivity
    The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.

    75 Inductive Reasoning
    The ability to combine separate pieces of information, or specific answers to problems, to form general rules or conclusions. It includes coming up with a logical explanation for why a series of seemingly unrelated events occur together.

    75 Deductive Reasoning
    The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to come up with logical answers. It involves deciding if an answer makes sense.

    70 Information Ordering
    The ability to correctly follow a given rule or set of rules in order to arrange things or actions in a certain order. The things or actions can include numbers, letters, words, pictures, procedures, sentences, and mathematical or logical operations.

    70 Speech Clarity
    The ability to speak clearly so that it is understandable to a listener

    70 Near Vision
    The ability to see details of objects at a close range (within a few feet of the observer)

    60 Number Facility
    The ability to add, subtract, multiply, or divide quickly and correctly

    60 Mathematical Reasoning
    The ability to understand and organize a problem and then to select a mathematical method or formula to solve the problem

    55 Visualization
    The ability to imagine how something will look after it is moved around or when its parts are moved or rearranged

    55 Originality
    The ability to come up with unusual or clever ideas about a given topic or situation, or to develop creative ways to solve a problem

    55 Fluency of Ideas
    The ability to come up with a number of ideas about a given topic. It concerns the number of ideas produced and not the quality, correctness, or creativity of the ideas.

    55 Category Flexibility
    The ability to produce many rules so that each rule tells how to group (or combine) a set of things in a different way.

    55 Speed of Closure
    The ability to quickly make sense of information that seems to be without meaning or organization. It involves quickly combining and organizing different pieces of information into a meaningful pattern

    50 Memorization
    The ability to remember information such as words, numbers, pictures, and procedures

    45 Time Sharing
    The ability to efficiently shift back and forth between two or more activities or sources of information (such as speech, sounds, touch, or other sources)

    45 Flexibility of Closure
    The ability to identify or detect a known pattern (a figure, object, word, or sound) that is hidden in other distracting material

    45 Perceptual Speed
    The ability to quickly and accurately compare letters, numbers, objects, pictures, or patterns. The things to be compared may be presented at the same time or one after the other. This ability also includes comparing a presented object with a remembered object

    40 Speech Recognition
    The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person

    40 Manual Dexterity
    The ability to quickly make coordinated movements of one hand, a hand together with its arm, or two hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble objects

    35 Visual Color Discrimination
    The ability to match or detect differences between colors, including shades of color and brightness

    35 Auditory Attention
    The ability to focus on a single source of auditory (hearing) information in the presence of other distracting sounds

    35 Wrist-Finger Speed
    The ability to make fast, simple, repeated movements of the fingers, hands, and wrists

    35 Selective Attention
    The ability to concentrate and not be distracted while performing a task over a period of time

    35 Control Precision
    The ability to quickly and repeatedly make precise adjustments in moving the controls of a machine or vehicle to exact positions

    30 Response Orientation
    The ability to choose quickly and correctly between two or more movements in response to two or more signals (lights, sounds, pictures, etc.). It includes the speed with which the correct response is started with the hand, foot, or other body parts

    25 Arm-Hand Steadiness
    The ability to keep the hand and arm steady while making an arm movement or while holding the arm and hand in one position

    25 Sound Localization
    The ability to tell the direction from which a sound originated

    25 Hearing Sensitivity
    The ability to detect or tell the difference between sounds that vary over broad ranges of pitch and loudness

    25 Far Vision
    The ability to see details at a distance

    25 Trunk Strength
    The ability to use one's abdominal and lower back muscles to support part of the body repeatedly or continuously over time without "giving out" or fatiguing

    20 Reaction Time
    The ability to quickly respond (with the hand, finger, or foot) to one signal (sound, light, picture, etc.) when it appears

    20 Spatial Orientation
    The ability to know one's location in relation to the environment, or to know where other objects are in relation to one's self

    20 Gross Body Coordination
    The ability to coordinate the movement of the arms, legs, and torso together in activities where the whole body is in motion

    20 Multilimb Coordination
    The ability to coordinate movements of two or more limbs together (for example, two arms, two legs, or one leg and one arm) while sitting, standing, or lying down. It does not involve performing the activities while the body is in motion

    20 Finger Dexterity
    The ability to make precisely coordinated movements of the fingers of one or both hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble very small objects

    15 Glare Sensitivity
    The ability to see objects in the presence of glare or bright lighting

    15 Depth Perception
    The ability to judge which of several objects is closer or farther away from the observer, or to judge the distance between an object and the observer

    15 Extent Flexibility
    The ability to bend, stretch, twist, or reach out with the body, arms, and/or legs

    15 Dynamic Strength
    The ability to exert muscle force repeatedly or continuously over time. This involves muscular endurance and resistance to muscle fatigue

    10 Peripheral Vision
    The ability to see objects or movement of objects to one's side when the eyes are focused forward

    10 Stamina
    The ability to exert one's self physically over long periods of time without getting winded or out of breath

    10 Explosive Strength
    The ability to use short bursts of muscle force to propel oneself (as in jumping or sprinting), or to throw an object

    10 Static Strength
    The ability to exert maximum muscle force to lift, push, pull, or carry objects

    10 Speed of Limb Movement
    The ability to quickly move the arms or legs

    10 Rate Control
    The ability to time the adjustments of a movement or equipment control in anticipation of changes in the speed and/or direction of a continuously moving object or scene

    10 Dynamic Flexibility
    The ability to quickly and repeatedly bend, stretch, twist, or reach out with the body, arms, and/or legs

    5 Gross Body Equilibrium
    The ability to keep or regain one's body balance or stay upright when in an unstable position

    5 Night Vision
    The ability to see under low light conditions

    WORK ACTIVITIES:
    Work activities elements are ranked by importance.

    80 Analyzing Data or Information
    Identifying underlying principles, reasons, or facts by breaking down information or data into separate parts.

    80 Making Decisions and Solving Problems
    Combining, evaluating, and reasoning with information and data to make decisions and solve problems. These processes involve making decisions about the relative importance of information and choosing the best solution.

    80 Communicating With Other Workers
    Providing information to supervisors, fellow workers, and subordinates. This information can be exchanged face-to-face, in writing, or via telephone/electronic transfer.

    80 Getting Information Needed to Do the Job
    Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.

    75 Coordinating Work and Activities of Others
    Coordinating members of a work group to accomplish tasks.

    75 Implementing Ideas or Programs
    Conducting or carrying out work procedures and activities in accord with one's own ideas or information provided through directions/instructions for purposes of installing, modifying, preparing, delivering, constructing, integrating, finishing, or completing programs, systems, structures, or products.

    75 Monitoring and Controlling Resources
    Monitoring and controlling resources and overseeing the spending of money.

    75 Evaluating Information Against Standards
    Evaluating information against a set of standards and verifying that it is correct.

    75 Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events
    Identifying information received by making estimates or categorizations, recognizing differences or similarities, or sensing changes in circumstances or events.

    75 Guiding, Directing and Motivating Subordinates
    Providing guidance and direction to subordinates, including setting performance standards and monitoring subordinates.

    70 Developing Objectives and Strategies
    Establishing long range objectives and specifying the strategies and actions to achieve these objectives.

    70 Communicating With Persons Outside Organization
    Communicating with persons outside the organization, representing the organization to customers, the public, government, and other external sources. This information can be exchanged face-to-face, in writing, or via telephone/electronic transfer.

    70 Performing Administrative Activities
    Approving requests, handling paperwork, and performing day-to-day administrative tasks.

    65 Scheduling Work and Activities
    Scheduling events, programs, activities, as well as the work of others.

    65 Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing
    Developing plans to accomplish work, and prioritizing and organizing one's own work.

    60 Inspecting Equipment, Structures, or Material
    Inspecting or diagnosing equipment, structures, or materials to identify the causes of errors or other problems or defects.

    60 Processing Information
    Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, verifying, or processing information or data.

    60 Updating and Using Job-Relevant Knowledge
    Keeping up-to-date technically and knowing one's own jobs' and related jobs' functions.

    60 Estimating Needed Characteristics
    Estimating the Characteristics of Materials, Products, Events, or Information: Estimating sizes, distances, and quantities, or determining time, costs, resources, or materials needed to perform a work activity.

    55 Resolving Conflict or Negotiating with Others
    Handling complaints, arbitrating disputes, and resolving grievances, or otherwise negotiating with others.

    55 Documenting or Recording Information
    Entering, transcribing, recording, storing, or maintaining information in either written form or by electronic/magnetic recording.

    50 Establishing and Maintaining Relationships
    Developing constructive and cooperative working relationships with others.

    50 Judging Qualities of Things, Services, or People
    Making judgments about or assessing the value, importance, or quality of things or people.

    50 Monitor Processes, Material, or Surroundings
    Monitoring and reviewing information from materials, events, or the environment, often to detect problems or to find out when things are finished.

    50 Providing Consultation and Advice to Others
    Providing consultation and expert advice to management or other groups on technical, systems-related, or process related topics.

    40 Staffing Organizational Units
    Recruiting, interviewing, selecting, hiring, and promoting persons for the organization.

    40 Interpreting Meaning of Information to Others
    Translating or explaining what information means and how it can be understood or used to support responses or feedback to others.

    35 Thinking Creatively
    Originating, inventing, designing, or creating new applications, ideas, relationships, systems, or products, including artistic contributions.

    35 Developing and Building Teams
    Encouraging and building mutual trust, respect, and cooperation among team members.

    35 Selling or Influencing Others
    Convincing others to buy merchandise/goods, or otherwise changing their minds or actions.

    30 Handling and Moving Objects
    Using one's own hands and arms in handling, installing, forming, positioning, and moving materials, or in manipulating things, including the use of keyboards.

    30 Interacting With Computers
    Controlling computer functions by using programs, setting up functions, writing software, or otherwise communicating with computer systems.

    25 Teaching Others
    Identifying educational needs, developing formal training programs or classes, and teaching or instructing others.

    25 Coaching and Developing Others
    Identifying developmental needs of others and coaching or otherwise helping others to improve their knowledge or skills.

    25 Performing General Physical Activities
    Performing physical activities that require moving one's whole body, such as in climbing, lifting, balancing, walking, stooping, where the activities often also require considerable use of the arms and legs, such as in the physical handling of materials.

    15 Drafting and Specifying Technical Devices
    Providing documentation, detailed instructions, drawings, or specifications to inform others about how devices, parts, equipment, or structures are to be fabricated, constructed, assembled, modified, maintained, or used.

    15 Repairing and Maintaining Electrical Equipment
    Fixing, servicing, adjusting, regulating, calibrating, fine-tuning, or testing machines, devices, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of electrical or electronic (not mechanical) principles.

    10 Controlling Machines and Processes
    Using either control mechanisms or direct physical activity to operate machines or processes (not including computers or vehicles).

    10 Repairing and Maintaining Mechanical Equipment
    Fixing, servicing, aligning, setting up, adjusting, and testing machines, devices, moving parts, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of mechanical (not electronic) principles.

    10 Assisting and Caring for Others
    Providing assistance or personal care to others.

    10 Performing For or Working With Public
    Performing for people or dealing directly with the public, including serving persons in restaurants and stores, and receiving clients or guests.

    WORK CONTEXT:
    Work context elements are ranked by frequency (F), importance (I), responsibility (R), amount of contact (C), how serious (S), objective vs. subjective (O), automation (A), extent of frustration (E), responsible for health and safety (H), likelihood of injury (L), degree of injury (D) .

    100 (F) Indoors
    How frequently does this job require the worker to work: Indoors

    92 (I) Supervise, Coach, Train Others
    How important are interactions requiring the worker to: Supervise, coach, train, or develop other employees?

    80 (I) Importance of Being Sure All Is Done
    How important is it to be sure that all the details of this job are performed and everything is done completely?

    77 (C) Job-Required Social Interaction
    How much does this job require the worker to be in contact (face-to-face, by telephone, or otherwise) with others in order to perform it?

    75 (F) Sitting
    How much time in a usual work period does the worker spend: Sitting?

    72 (I) Coordinate or Lead Others
    How important are interactions requiring the worker to: Coordinate or lead others in accomplishing work activities (not supervision)?

    71 (R) Responsibility for Outcomes and Results
    How responsible is the worker for work outcomes and results of other workers?

    68 (I) Persuade Someone to a Course of Action
    How important are interactions requiring the worker to: Persuade someone to a course of action (informally) or influence others to buy something (to sell)?

    64 (I) Importance of Being Aware of New Events
    How important is being constantly aware of either frequently changing events (e.g. security guard watching for shoplifters) or infrequent events (e.g. radar operator watching for tornadoes) to performing this job?

    64 (I) Importance of Being Exact or Accurate
    How important is being very exact or highly accurate in performing this job?

    55 (F) Using Hands on Objects, Tools, Controls
    How much time in a usual work period does the worker spend: Using hands to handle, control, or feel objects, tools or controls?

    53 (O) Objective or Subjective Information
    How objective or subjective is the information communicated in this job?

    53 (E) Frustrating Circumstances
    To what extent do frustrating circumstances ("road blocks" to work that are beyond the worker's control) hinder the accomplishment of this job?

    53 (S) Consequence of Error
    How serious would the result usually be if the worker made a mistake that was not readily correctable?

    50 (F) Frequency in Conflict Situations
    How frequently do the job requirements place the worker in conflict situations?

    48 (I) Deal With External Customers
    How important are interactions requiring the worker to: Deal with external customers (e.g., retail sales) or the public in general (e.g., police work)?

    48 (I) Take a Position Opposed to Others
    How important are interactions requiring the worker to: Take a position opposed to coworkers or others?

    45 (F) Standing
    How much time in a usual work period does the worker spend: Standing?

    45 (F) Deal With Unpleasant or Angry People
    How frequently does the worker have to deal with unpleasant, angry, or discourteous individuals as part of the job requirements?

    44 (I) Provide a Service to Others
    How important are interactions requiring the worker to: Provide a service to others (e.g., customers)?

    40 (F) Walking or Running
    How much time in a usual work period does the worker spend: Walking or running?

    31 (H) Responsible for Health and Safety of Others
    How responsible is the worker for others' health and safety on this job?

    30 (F) Making Repetitive Motions
    How much time in a usual work period does the worker spend: Making repetitive motions?

    25 (F) Hazardous Equipment
    How often does this job require the worker to be exposed to harardous equipment? Hazardous Equipment (e.g., saws, machinery/mechanical parts include exposure to vehicular traffic, but not driving a vehicle)

    24 (I) Importance of Repeating Same Tasks
    How important is repeating the same physical activities (e.g., key entry) or mental activities (e.g., checking entries in a ledger) over and over, without stopping, to performing this job?

    23 (A) Degree of Automation
    Indicate the level of automation of this job.

    20 (F) Extremely Bright or Inadequate Lighting
    How often during a usual work period is the worker exposed to the following conditions: Extremely bright or inadequate lighting conditions?

    20 (F) Sounds or Noise Levels Are Distracting
    How often during a usual work period is the worker exposed to the following conditions: Sounds and noise levels that are distracting and uncomfortable?

    20 (F) Bending or Twisting the Body
    How much time in a usual work period does the worker spend: Bending or twisting the body?

    20 (F) Hazardous Conditions
    How often does this job require the worker to be exposed to hazardous conditions? Hazardous Conditions (e.g., high voltage electricity, combustibles, explosives, chemicals; do not include hazardous equipment or situations)

    20 (F) Outdoors
    How frequently does this job require the worker to work: Outdoors

    20 (F) Hazardous Situations
    How often does this job require the worker to be exposed to harardous situations? Hazardous Situations involving likely cuts, bites, stings, or minor burns

    20 (F) Kneeling, Crouching or Crawling
    How much time in a usual work period does the worker spend: Kneeling, stooping, crouching or crawling?

    15 (F) Contaminants
    How often during a usual work period is the worker exposed to the following conditions: Contaminants (pollutants, gases, dust, odors, etc.)?

    15 (F) Common Protective or Safety Attire
    How often does the worker wear: Common protective or safety attire, such as safety shoes, glasses, gloves, hearing protection, hard-hat, or personal flotation device?

    12 (I) Pace Determined by Speed of Equipment
    How important is it to this job that the pace is determined by the speed of equipment or machinery? (This does not refer to keeping busy at all times on this job.)

    11 (L) Hazardous Equipment
    What is the likelihood that the worker would be injured as a result of being exposed to hazardous equipment while performing this job? Hazardous Equipment (e.g., saws, machinery/mechanical parts include exposure to vehicular traffic, but not driving a vehicle)

    10 (F) Climbing Ladders, Scaffolds, Poles, etc.
    How much time in a usual work period does the worker spend: Climbing ladders, scaffolds, poles, etc?

    10 (F) Keeping or Regaining Balance
    How much time in a usual work period does the worker spend: Keeping or regaining balance?

    10 (F) Deal With Physically Aggressive People
    How frequently does this job require the worker to deal with physical aggression of violent individuals?

    10 (F) Cramped Work Space, Awkward Positions
    How often during a usual work period is the worker exposed to the following conditions: Cramped work space that requires getting into awkward positions?

    9 (L) Hazardous Situations
    What is the likelihood that the worker would be injured as a result of being exposed to hazardous situations while performing this job? Hazardous Situations involving likely cuts, bites, stings, or minor burns

    9 (L) Hazardous Conditions
    What is the likelihood that the worker would be injured as a result of being exposed to hazardous conditions while performing this job? Hazardous Conditions (e.g., high voltage electricity, combustibles, explosives, chemicals; do not include hazardous equipment or situations)

    8 (D) Hazardous Equipment
    If injury, due to exposure to hazardous equipment, were to occur while performing this job, how serious would be the likely outcome? Hazardous Equipment (e.g., saws, machinery/mechanical parts include exposure to vehicular traffic, but not driving a vehicle)

    8 (D) Hazardous Conditions
    If injury, due to exposure to hazardous conditions, were to occur while performing this job, how serious would be the likely outcome? Hazardous Conditions (e.g., high voltage electricity, combustibles, explosives, chemicals; do not include hazardous equipment or situations)

    5 (F) High Places
    How often does this job require the worker to be exposed to high places? High Places (e.g., heights above 8 feet on ladders, poles, scaffolding, catwalks, etc.)

    5 (F) Radiation
    How often does this job require the worker to be exposed to radiation?

    5 (F) Very Hot
    How often during a usual work period is the worker exposed to the following conditions: Very hot (above 90 F) or very cold (under 32 F) temperatures?

    5 (F) Diseases or Infections
    How often does this job require the worker to be exposed to diseases/infection? Diseases/Infections (e.g., patient care, some laboratory work, sanitation control, etc.)

    4 (D) Hazardous Situations
    If injury, due to exposure to hazardous situations, were to occur while performing this job, how serious would be the likely outcome? Hazardous Situations involving likely cuts, bites, stings, or minor burns

    INTERESTS:
    Interest elements are ranked by occupational interest.

    100 Enterprising
    Enterprising occupations frequently involve starting up and carrying out projects. These occupations can involve leading people and making many decisions. Sometimes they require risk taking and often deal with business.

    67 Conventional
    Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow.

    50 Social
    Social occupations frequently involve working with, communicating with, and teaching people. These occupations often involve helping or providing service to others.

    50 Artistic
    Artistic occupations frequently involve working with forms, designs and patterns. They often require self-expression and the work can be done without following a clear set of rules.

    33 Investigative
    Investigative occupations frequently involve working with ideas, and require an extensive amount of thinking. These occupations can involve searching for facts and figuring out problems mentally.

    33 Realistic
    Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.

    WORK VALUES:
    Work values elements are ranked by extent.

    73 Independence-Mean Extent
    Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employs to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy.

    70 Achievement-Mean Extent
    Occupations that satisfy this work value are results oriented and allow employees to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment. Corresponding needs are Ability Utilization and Achievement.

    66 Recognition-Mean Extent
    Occupations that satisfy this work value offer advancement, potential for leadership, and are often considered prestigious. Corresponding needs are Advancement, Authority, Recognition and Social Status.

    64 Working Conditions-Mean Extent
    Occupations that satisfy this work value offer job security and good working conditions. Corresponding needs are Activity, Compensation, Independence, Security, Variety and Working Conditions.

    57 Support-Mean Extent
    Occupations that satisfy this work value offer supportive management that stands behind employees. Corresponding needs are Company Policies, Supervision: Human Relations and Supervision: Technical.

    47 Relationships-Mean Extent
    Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to provide service to others and work with co-workers in a friendly non-competitive environment. Corresponding needs are Co-workers, Moral Values and Social Service.

    81 Working Conditions
    Workers on this job have good working conditions

    81 Authority
    Workers on this job give directions and instructions to others

    78 Autonomy
    Workers on this job plan their work with little supervision

    75 Ability Utilization
    Workers on this job make use of their individual abilities

    72 Security
    Workers on this job have steady employment

    72 Activity
    Workers on this job are busy all the time

    72 Company Policies and Practices
    Workers on this job are treated fairly by the company

    72 Responsibility
    Workers on this job make decisions on their own

    69 Creativity
    Workers on this job try out their own ideas

    66 Compensation
    Workers on this job are paid well in comparison with other workers

    66 Achievement
    Workers on this job get a feeling of accomplishment

    63 Recognition
    Workers on this job receive recognition for the work they do

    63 Supervision, Human Relations
    Workers on this job have supervisors who back up their workers with management

    59 Social Status
    Workers on this job are looked up to by others in their company and their community

    59 Moral Values
    Workers on this job are never pressured to do things that go against their sense of right and wrong

    59 Advancement
    Workers on this job have opportunities for advancement

    56 Variety
    Workers on this job have something different to do every day

    53 Co-workers
    Workers on this job have co-workers who are easy to get along with

    38 Independence
    Workers on this job do their work alone

    38 Supervision, Technical
    Workers on this job have supervisors who train their workers well

    28 Social Service
    Workers on this job have work where they do things for other people

    CROSSWALKS:
    DOT91 (Dictionary of Occupational Titles): 169167070 Director, Educational Programming
    184167062 Manager, Communications Station
    194162010 Program Director, Cable Television
    184167018 Director, Operations
    184167230 Supervisor of Communications
    184117062 Manager, Station
    193167018 Superintendent, Radio Communications
    184167258 Testing-and-Regulating Chief
    184167134 Stations-Relations-Contact Representative
    168167070 Regulatory Administrator
    184167086 Manager, Telegraph Office
    184117070 Operations Manager
    184117074 Revenue-Settlements Administrator
    184117082 Superintendent, Communications
    184161010 Cable Supervisor

    AIM97 (Apprenticeship Information Management): No crosswalks

    CEN90 (1990 Census Occupations): 022 Managers and Administrators, N.E.C.
    005 Administrators and Officials, Public Administration

    CIP90 (Classification of Instructional Programs): 520201 Business Administration and Management, General
    520203 Logistics and Materials Management

    GOE93 (Guide for Occupational Exploration): 050201 Managerial Work: Mechanical: Systems
    110502 Business Administration: Administrative Specialization
    050204 Managerial Work: Mechanical: Communications
    070102 Administrative Detail: Administration
    050505 Craft Technology: Electrical-Electronic Systems Installation and Repai
    111005 Regulations Enforcement: Company Policy
    111201 Contracts and Claims: Claims and Settlement

    MOC97 (Military Occupational Codes): 9560 Satellite Communications Officer
    9510 Communication Officer, Ashore
    9512 Automated Message Processing Exchange Officer
    9525 Communication Watch Officer
    9595 Communications Traffic Officer
    9590 Staff Communications Officer
    5925 Electronics Installation and Maintenance Planning Officer (General)
    5925 Electronics Installation and Maintenance Planning Officer (General)
    5977 Electronic Equipment Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Officer
    9582 Communication Officer, Afloat
    5977 Electronic Equipment Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Officer
    9567 Radio Station Officer
    9595 Communications Traffic Officer
    9590 Staff Communications Officer
    9582 Communication Officer, Afloat
    9543 Director of Communications
    9560 Satellite Communications Officer
    9545 Convoy Control Officer
    9510 Communication Officer, Ashore
    9512 Automated Message Processing Exchange Officer
    9525 Communication Watch Officer
    9567 Radio Station Officer
    9545 Convoy Control Officer
    31L Cable Systems Installer-Maintainer
    31T Satellite/Microwave Systems Chief
    2E690 Telephone And Distributed Communications Systems
    31C Radio Operator-Maintainer
    31F Network Switching Systems Operator-Maintainer
    31Z Senior Signal Sergeant
    1A300 Airborne Communications Systems Manager
    31W Telecommunications Operations Chief
    31R Multichannel Transmission Systems Operator-Maintainer
    31U Signal Support Systems Specialist
    2E600 Telephone and Distribution Comm Systems Manager
    31S Satellite Communication Systems Operator-Maintainer
    COMM Communications
    74 Communications
    25A Signal, General
    2E190 Communications Systems
    25C Communications-Electronics (C-E) Operations
    3C191 Radio Communications Systems
    74G Telecommunications Computer Operator-Maintainer
    RM Radioman
    2502 Communication Officer
    33S4 Communications and Information
    2813 Cable Systems Technician
    2591 Operational Communication Chief
    2537 Radio Chief
    CE Construction Electricians
    3251 Broadcast Operations Director
    2802 Electronics Maintenance Officer (Ground)
    2501 Basic Operational Communications Officer
    33S1 Communications and Information
    2510 Network Management Officer
    RM Radiomen
    33S3 Communications and Information

    OES98 (Occupational Employment Statistics): 15023 Communications, Transportation, and Utilities Operations Managers

    OPM97 (Office of Personnel Management Occupations): 0346 Logistics Management
    2504 Wire Communications Cable Splicing
    0390 Telecommunications Processing
    0391 Telecommunications
    0392 General Telecommunications

    SOC98 (Standard Occupational Classification): No crosswalks


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    Revised 20-Aug-15

    CTR-DEC1995