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CODE: 24308GBuy ONET/DOT: Download or CD-ROM

TITLE: Physiologists and Cytologists

DEFINITION: Research or study cellular structure and functions, or organ system functions, of plants and animals.

  • TASKS
  • KNOWLEDGE
  • SKILLS
  • ABILITIES
  • WORK ACTIVITIES
  • WORK CONTEXT
  • INTERESTS
  • WORK VALUES
  • CROSSWALKS


    TASKS:

    1. Studies cells, cellular structure, cell division, and organ-system functions of plants and animals.

    2. Studies functions of plants and animals, such as growth, respiration, movement, and reproduction, under normal and abnormal conditions.

    3. Conducts experiments to determine effects of internal and external environmental factors on life processes and functions.

    4. Studies physiology of plants, animals, or particular human body area, function, organ, or system.

    5. Utilizes microscope, x-ray equipment, spectroscope, and other equipment to study cell structure and function and to perform experiments.

    6. Studies glands and their relationship to bodily functions.

    7. Analyzes reproductive cells and methods by which chromosomes divide or unite.

    8. Studies formation of sperm and eggs in animal sex glands, and studies origin of blood and tissue cells.

    9. Researches physiology of unicellular organisms, such as protozoa, to ascertain physical and chemical factors of growth.

    10. Studies influence of physical and chemical factors on malignant and normal cells.

    11. Assesses and evaluates hormonal status and presence of atypical or malignant changes in exfoliated, aspirated, or abraded cells.

    12. Selects and sections minute particles of animal or plant tissue for microscopic study, using microtome and other equipment.

    13. Stains tissue sample to make cell structures visible or to differentiate parts.

    14. Prepares technical reports and recommendations based upon research outcomes.

    KNOWLEDGE:
    Knowledge elements are ranked by importance.

    100 Biology
    Knowledge of plant and animal living tissue, cells, organisms, and entities, including their functions, interdependencies, and interactions with each other and the environment

    67 Mathematics
    Knowledge of numbers, their operations, and interrelationships including arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications

    50 Administration and Management
    Knowledge of principles and processes involved in business and organizational planning, coordination, and execution. This includes strategic planning, resource allocation, manpower modeling, leadership techniques, and production methods

    50 Chemistry
    Knowledge of the composition, structure, and properties of substances and of the chemical processes and transformations that they undergo. This includes uses of chemicals and their interactions, danger signs, production techniques, and disposal methods

    46 English Language
    Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar

    25 Computers and Electronics
    Knowledge of electric circuit boards, processors, chips, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming

    25 Engineering and Technology
    Knowledge of equipment, tools, mechanical devices, and their uses to produce motion, light, power, technology, and other applications

    21 Physics
    Knowledge and prediction of physical principles, laws, and applications including air, water, material dynamics, light, atomic principles, heat, electric theory, earth formations, and meteorological and related natural phenomena

    17 Mechanical
    Knowledge of machines and tools, including their designs, uses, benefits, repair, and maintenance

    8 Clerical
    Knowledge of administrative and clerical procedures and systems such as word processing systems, filing and records management systems, stenography and transcription, forms design principles, and other office procedures and terminology

    4 Economics and Accounting
    Knowledge of economic and accounting principles and practices, the financial markets, banking, and the analysis and reporting of financial data

    4 Communications and Media
    Knowledge of media production, communication, and dissemination techniques and methods including alternative ways to inform and entertain via written, oral, and visual media

    4 Public Safety and Security
    Knowledge of weaponry, public safety, and security operations, rules, regulations, precautions, prevention, and the protection of people, data, and property

    SKILLS:
    Skills elements are ranked by importance.

    100 Science
    Using scientific methods to solve problems

    90 Reading Comprehension
    Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents

    85 Writing
    Communicating effectively with others in writing as indicated by the needs of the audience

    80 Information Gathering
    Knowing how to find information and identifying essential information

    75 Mathematics
    Using mathematics to solve problems

    75 Critical Thinking
    Using logic and analysis to identify the strengths and weaknesses of different approaches

    75 Active Learning
    Working with new material or information to grasp its implications

    70 Idea Generation
    Generating a number of different approaches to problems

    60 Information Organization
    Finding ways to structure or classify multiple pieces of information

    60 Solution Appraisal
    Observing and evaluating the outcomes of a problem solution to identify lessons learned or redirect efforts

    60 Problem Identification
    Identifying the nature of problems

    55 Monitoring
    Assessing how well one is doing when learning or doing something

    55 Idea Evaluation
    Evaluating the likely success of an idea in relation to the demands of the situation

    50 Judgment and Decision Making
    Weighing the relative costs and benefits of a potential action

    50 Operation and Control
    Controlling operations of equipment or systems

    50 Synthesis/Reorganization
    Reorganizing information to get a better approach to problems or tasks

    50 Identification of Key Causes
    Identifying the things that must be changed to achieve a goal

    45 Equipment Selection
    Determining the kind of tools and equipment needed to do a job

    45 Identifying Downstream Consequences
    Determining the long-term outcomes of a change in operations

    45 Implementation Planning
    Developing approaches for implementing an idea

    45 Product Inspection
    Inspecting and evaluating the quality of products

    45 Visioning
    Developing an image of how a system should work under ideal conditions

    40 Learning Strategies
    Using multiple approaches when learning or teaching new things

    35 Systems Perception
    Determining when important changes have occurred in a system or are likely to occur

    35 Active Listening
    Listening to what other people are saying and asking questions as appropriate

    35 Systems Evaluation
    Looking at many indicators of system performance, taking into account their accuracy

    30 Operation Monitoring
    Watching gauges, dials, or other indicators to make sure a machine is working properly

    30 Speaking
    Talking to others to effectively convey information

    30 Testing
    Conducting tests to determine whether equipment, software, or procedures are operating as expected

    25 Management of Material Resources
    Obtaining and seeing to the appropriate use of equipment, facilities, and materials needed to do certain work

    25 Time Management
    Managing one's own time and the time of others

    20 Instructing
    Teaching others how to do something

    20 Operations Analysis
    Analyzing needs and product requirements to create a design

    20 Programming
    Writing computer programs for various purposes

    20 Management of Personnel Resources
    Motivating, developing, and directing people as they work, identifying the best people for the job

    15 Negotiation
    Bringing others together and trying to reconcile differences

    15 Social Perceptiveness
    Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react the way they do

    15 Persuasion
    Persuading others to approach things differently

    15 Equipment Maintenance
    Performing routine maintenance and determining when and what kind of maintenance is needed

    15 Technology Design
    Generating or adapting equipment and technology to serve user needs

    15 Coordination
    Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions

    10 Troubleshooting
    Determining what is causing an operating error and deciding what to do about it

    10 Service Orientation
    Actively looking for ways to help people

    10 Management of Financial Resources
    Determining how money will be spent to get the work done, and accounting for these expenditures

    5 Repairing
    Repairing machines or systems using the needed tools

    5 Installation
    Installing equipment, machines, wiring, or programs to meet specifications .

    ABILITIES:
    Abilities elements are ranked by importance.

    80 Inductive Reasoning
    The ability to combine separate pieces of information, or specific answers to problems, to form general rules or conclusions. It includes coming up with a logical explanation for why a series of seemingly unrelated events occur together.

    80 Written Comprehension
    The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing

    80 Deductive Reasoning
    The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to come up with logical answers. It involves deciding if an answer makes sense.

    75 Information Ordering
    The ability to correctly follow a given rule or set of rules in order to arrange things or actions in a certain order. The things or actions can include numbers, letters, words, pictures, procedures, sentences, and mathematical or logical operations.

    70 Near Vision
    The ability to see details of objects at a close range (within a few feet of the observer)

    70 Written Expression
    The ability to communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand

    65 Memorization
    The ability to remember information such as words, numbers, pictures, and procedures

    60 Category Flexibility
    The ability to produce many rules so that each rule tells how to group (or combine) a set of things in a different way.

    55 Flexibility of Closure
    The ability to identify or detect a known pattern (a figure, object, word, or sound) that is hidden in other distracting material

    55 Problem Sensitivity
    The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.

    55 Speed of Closure
    The ability to quickly make sense of information that seems to be without meaning or organization. It involves quickly combining and organizing different pieces of information into a meaningful pattern

    50 Oral Comprehension
    The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences

    45 Oral Expression
    The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand

    45 Visualization
    The ability to imagine how something will look after it is moved around or when its parts are moved or rearranged

    45 Selective Attention
    The ability to concentrate and not be distracted while performing a task over a period of time

    45 Fluency of Ideas
    The ability to come up with a number of ideas about a given topic. It concerns the number of ideas produced and not the quality, correctness, or creativity of the ideas.

    45 Finger Dexterity
    The ability to make precisely coordinated movements of the fingers of one or both hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble very small objects

    45 Originality
    The ability to come up with unusual or clever ideas about a given topic or situation, or to develop creative ways to solve a problem

    40 Wrist-Finger Speed
    The ability to make fast, simple, repeated movements of the fingers, hands, and wrists

    40 Perceptual Speed
    The ability to quickly and accurately compare letters, numbers, objects, pictures, or patterns. The things to be compared may be presented at the same time or one after the other. This ability also includes comparing a presented object with a remembered object

    40 Number Facility
    The ability to add, subtract, multiply, or divide quickly and correctly

    40 Manual Dexterity
    The ability to quickly make coordinated movements of one hand, a hand together with its arm, or two hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble objects

    40 Time Sharing
    The ability to efficiently shift back and forth between two or more activities or sources of information (such as speech, sounds, touch, or other sources)

    35 Mathematical Reasoning
    The ability to understand and organize a problem and then to select a mathematical method or formula to solve the problem

    30 Arm-Hand Steadiness
    The ability to keep the hand and arm steady while making an arm movement or while holding the arm and hand in one position

    30 Control Precision
    The ability to quickly and repeatedly make precise adjustments in moving the controls of a machine or vehicle to exact positions

    30 Visual Color Discrimination
    The ability to match or detect differences between colors, including shades of color and brightness

    20 Trunk Strength
    The ability to use one's abdominal and lower back muscles to support part of the body repeatedly or continuously over time without "giving out" or fatiguing

    20 Far Vision
    The ability to see details at a distance

    20 Auditory Attention
    The ability to focus on a single source of auditory (hearing) information in the presence of other distracting sounds

    20 Extent Flexibility
    The ability to bend, stretch, twist, or reach out with the body, arms, and/or legs

    15 Speech Clarity
    The ability to speak clearly so that it is understandable to a listener

    15 Hearing Sensitivity
    The ability to detect or tell the difference between sounds that vary over broad ranges of pitch and loudness

    15 Night Vision
    The ability to see under low light conditions

    15 Multilimb Coordination
    The ability to coordinate movements of two or more limbs together (for example, two arms, two legs, or one leg and one arm) while sitting, standing, or lying down. It does not involve performing the activities while the body is in motion

    15 Response Orientation
    The ability to choose quickly and correctly between two or more movements in response to two or more signals (lights, sounds, pictures, etc.). It includes the speed with which the correct response is started with the hand, foot, or other body parts

    10 Stamina
    The ability to exert one's self physically over long periods of time without getting winded or out of breath

    10 Speech Recognition
    The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person

    10 Sound Localization
    The ability to tell the direction from which a sound originated

    10 Depth Perception
    The ability to judge which of several objects is closer or farther away from the observer, or to judge the distance between an object and the observer

    10 Gross Body Coordination
    The ability to coordinate the movement of the arms, legs, and torso together in activities where the whole body is in motion

    10 Reaction Time
    The ability to quickly respond (with the hand, finger, or foot) to one signal (sound, light, picture, etc.) when it appears

    10 Spatial Orientation
    The ability to know one's location in relation to the environment, or to know where other objects are in relation to one's self

    10 Rate Control
    The ability to time the adjustments of a movement or equipment control in anticipation of changes in the speed and/or direction of a continuously moving object or scene

    5 Gross Body Equilibrium
    The ability to keep or regain one's body balance or stay upright when in an unstable position

    5 Static Strength
    The ability to exert maximum muscle force to lift, push, pull, or carry objects

    5 Peripheral Vision
    The ability to see objects or movement of objects to one's side when the eyes are focused forward

    5 Speed of Limb Movement
    The ability to quickly move the arms or legs

    5 Glare Sensitivity
    The ability to see objects in the presence of glare or bright lighting

    5 Dynamic Flexibility
    The ability to quickly and repeatedly bend, stretch, twist, or reach out with the body, arms, and/or legs

    WORK ACTIVITIES:
    Work activities elements are ranked by importance.

    100 Analyzing Data or Information
    Identifying underlying principles, reasons, or facts by breaking down information or data into separate parts.

    100 Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events
    Identifying information received by making estimates or categorizations, recognizing differences or similarities, or sensing changes in circumstances or events.

    96 Getting Information Needed to Do the Job
    Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.

    96 Processing Information
    Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, verifying, or processing information or data.

    92 Monitor Processes, Material, or Surroundings
    Monitoring and reviewing information from materials, events, or the environment, often to detect problems or to find out when things are finished.

    88 Documenting or Recording Information
    Entering, transcribing, recording, storing, or maintaining information in either written form or by electronic/magnetic recording.

    79 Controlling Machines and Processes
    Using either control mechanisms or direct physical activity to operate machines or processes (not including computers or vehicles).

    79 Updating and Using Job-Relevant Knowledge
    Keeping up-to-date technically and knowing one's own jobs' and related jobs' functions.

    79 Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing
    Developing plans to accomplish work, and prioritizing and organizing one's own work.

    79 Implementing Ideas or Programs
    Conducting or carrying out work procedures and activities in accord with one's own ideas or information provided through directions/instructions for purposes of installing, modifying, preparing, delivering, constructing, integrating, finishing, or completing programs, systems, structures, or products.

    79 Making Decisions and Solving Problems
    Combining, evaluating, and reasoning with information and data to make decisions and solve problems. These processes involve making decisions about the relative importance of information and choosing the best solution.

    71 Judging Qualities of Things, Services, or People
    Making judgments about or assessing the value, importance, or quality of things or people.

    67 Communicating With Other Workers
    Providing information to supervisors, fellow workers, and subordinates. This information can be exchanged face-to-face, in writing, or via telephone/electronic transfer.

    67 Interpreting Meaning of Information to Others
    Translating or explaining what information means and how it can be understood or used to support responses or feedback to others.

    63 Estimating Needed Characteristics
    Estimating the Characteristics of Materials, Products, Events, or Information: Estimating sizes, distances, and quantities, or determining time, costs, resources, or materials needed to perform a work activity.

    63 Providing Consultation and Advice to Others
    Providing consultation and expert advice to management or other groups on technical, systems-related, or process related topics.

    63 Developing Objectives and Strategies
    Establishing long range objectives and specifying the strategies and actions to achieve these objectives.

    63 Monitoring and Controlling Resources
    Monitoring and controlling resources and overseeing the spending of money.

    63 Performing Administrative Activities
    Approving requests, handling paperwork, and performing day-to-day administrative tasks.

    54 Evaluating Information Against Standards
    Evaluating information against a set of standards and verifying that it is correct.

    54 Inspecting Equipment, Structures, or Material
    Inspecting or diagnosing equipment, structures, or materials to identify the causes of errors or other problems or defects.

    54 Thinking Creatively
    Originating, inventing, designing, or creating new applications, ideas, relationships, systems, or products, including artistic contributions.

    50 Handling and Moving Objects
    Using one's own hands and arms in handling, installing, forming, positioning, and moving materials, or in manipulating things, including the use of keyboards.

    50 Scheduling Work and Activities
    Scheduling events, programs, activities, as well as the work of others.

    50 Communicating With Persons Outside Organization
    Communicating with persons outside the organization, representing the organization to customers, the public, government, and other external sources. This information can be exchanged face-to-face, in writing, or via telephone/electronic transfer.

    42 Interacting With Computers
    Controlling computer functions by using programs, setting up functions, writing software, or otherwise communicating with computer systems.

    33 Performing General Physical Activities
    Performing physical activities that require moving one's whole body, such as in climbing, lifting, balancing, walking, stooping, where the activities often also require considerable use of the arms and legs, such as in the physical handling of materials.

    33 Establishing and Maintaining Relationships
    Developing constructive and cooperative working relationships with others.

    29 Drafting and Specifying Technical Devices
    Providing documentation, detailed instructions, drawings, or specifications to inform others about how devices, parts, equipment, or structures are to be fabricated, constructed, assembled, modified, maintained, or used.

    29 Selling or Influencing Others
    Convincing others to buy merchandise/goods, or otherwise changing their minds or actions.

    25 Coordinating Work and Activities of Others
    Coordinating members of a work group to accomplish tasks.

    25 Teaching Others
    Identifying educational needs, developing formal training programs or classes, and teaching or instructing others.

    21 Guiding, Directing and Motivating Subordinates
    Providing guidance and direction to subordinates, including setting performance standards and monitoring subordinates.

    17 Performing For or Working With Public
    Performing for people or dealing directly with the public, including serving persons in restaurants and stores, and receiving clients or guests.

    17 Developing and Building Teams
    Encouraging and building mutual trust, respect, and cooperation among team members.

    17 Coaching and Developing Others
    Identifying developmental needs of others and coaching or otherwise helping others to improve their knowledge or skills.

    13 Staffing Organizational Units
    Recruiting, interviewing, selecting, hiring, and promoting persons for the organization.

    4 Repairing and Maintaining Mechanical Equipment
    Fixing, servicing, aligning, setting up, adjusting, and testing machines, devices, moving parts, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of mechanical (not electronic) principles.

    4 Assisting and Caring for Others
    Providing assistance or personal care to others.

    4 Resolving Conflict or Negotiating with Others
    Handling complaints, arbitrating disputes, and resolving grievances, or otherwise negotiating with others.

    WORK CONTEXT:
    Work context elements are ranked by frequency (F), importance (I), responsibility (R), amount of contact (C), how serious (S), objective vs. subjective (O), automation (A), extent of frustration (E), responsible for health and safety (H), likelihood of injury (L), degree of injury (D) .

    95 (F) Indoors
    How frequently does this job require the worker to work: Indoors

    88 (I) Importance of Being Sure All Is Done
    How important is it to be sure that all the details of this job are performed and everything is done completely?

    84 (I) Importance of Being Exact or Accurate
    How important is being very exact or highly accurate in performing this job?

    70 (F) Using Hands on Objects, Tools, Controls
    How much time in a usual work period does the worker spend: Using hands to handle, control, or feel objects, tools or controls?

    60 (S) Consequence of Error
    How serious would the result usually be if the worker made a mistake that was not readily correctable?

    60 (F) Common Protective or Safety Attire
    How often does the worker wear: Common protective or safety attire, such as safety shoes, glasses, gloves, hearing protection, hard-hat, or personal flotation device?

    55 (F) Sitting
    How much time in a usual work period does the worker spend: Sitting?

    40 (I) Importance of Being Aware of New Events
    How important is being constantly aware of either frequently changing events (e.g. security guard watching for shoplifters) or infrequent events (e.g. radar operator watching for tornadoes) to performing this job?

    40 (F) Standing
    How much time in a usual work period does the worker spend: Standing?

    40 (F) Making Repetitive Motions
    How much time in a usual work period does the worker spend: Making repetitive motions?

    40 (F) Contaminants
    How often during a usual work period is the worker exposed to the following conditions: Contaminants (pollutants, gases, dust, odors, etc.)?

    35 (F) Diseases or Infections
    How often does this job require the worker to be exposed to diseases/infection? Diseases/Infections (e.g., patient care, some laboratory work, sanitation control, etc.)

    32 (I) Importance of Repeating Same Tasks
    How important is repeating the same physical activities (e.g., key entry) or mental activities (e.g., checking entries in a ledger) over and over, without stopping, to performing this job?

    32 (D) Diseases or Infections
    If injury, due to exposure to diseases/infection, were to occur while performing this job, how serious would be the likely outcome? Diseases/Infections (e.g., patient care, some laboratory work, sanitation control, etc.)

    30 (E) Frustrating Circumstances
    To what extent do frustrating circumstances ("road blocks" to work that are beyond the worker's control) hinder the accomplishment of this job?

    25 (F) Special Uniform
    How often does the worker wear: A special uniform, such as that of a commercial pilot, nurse, police officer, or military personnel?

    23 (O) Objective or Subjective Information
    How objective or subjective is the information communicated in this job?

    23 (L) Diseases or Infections
    What is the likelihood that the worker would be injured as a result of being exposed to diseases/infections while performing this job? Diseases/Infections (e.g., patient care, some laboratory work, sanitation control, etc.)

    20 (F) Outdoors
    How frequently does this job require the worker to work: Outdoors

    20 (F) Specialized Protective or Safety Attire
    How often does the worker wear: Specialized protective or safety attire, such as breathing apparatus, safety harness, full protection suit, or radiation protection?

    16 (I) Persuade Someone to a Course of Action
    How important are interactions requiring the worker to: Persuade someone to a course of action (informally) or influence others to buy something (to sell)?

    16 (I) Supervise, Coach, Train Others
    How important are interactions requiring the worker to: Supervise, coach, train, or develop other employees?

    16 (I) Pace Determined by Speed of Equipment
    How important is it to this job that the pace is determined by the speed of equipment or machinery? (This does not refer to keeping busy at all times on this job.)

    15 (F) Radiation
    How often does this job require the worker to be exposed to radiation?

    14 (H) Responsible for Health and Safety of Others
    How responsible is the worker for others' health and safety on this job?

    12 (I) Provide a Service to Others
    How important are interactions requiring the worker to: Provide a service to others (e.g., customers)?

    10 (F) Walking or Running
    How much time in a usual work period does the worker spend: Walking or running?

    10 (F) Extremely Bright or Inadequate Lighting
    How often during a usual work period is the worker exposed to the following conditions: Extremely bright or inadequate lighting conditions?

    10 (F) Hazardous Conditions
    How often does this job require the worker to be exposed to hazardous conditions? Hazardous Conditions (e.g., high voltage electricity, combustibles, explosives, chemicals; do not include hazardous equipment or situations)

    10 (F) Bending or Twisting the Body
    How much time in a usual work period does the worker spend: Bending or twisting the body?

    10 (A) Degree of Automation
    Indicate the level of automation of this job.

    10 (F) Kneeling, Crouching or Crawling
    How much time in a usual work period does the worker spend: Kneeling, stooping, crouching or crawling?

    9 (R) Responsibility for Outcomes and Results
    How responsible is the worker for work outcomes and results of other workers?

    9 (L) Hazardous Conditions
    What is the likelihood that the worker would be injured as a result of being exposed to hazardous conditions while performing this job? Hazardous Conditions (e.g., high voltage electricity, combustibles, explosives, chemicals; do not include hazardous equipment or situations)

    8 (C) Job-Required Social Interaction
    How much does this job require the worker to be in contact (face-to-face, by telephone, or otherwise) with others in order to perform it?

    8 (I) Coordinate or Lead Others
    How important are interactions requiring the worker to: Coordinate or lead others in accomplishing work activities (not supervision)?

    8 (D) Radiation
    If injury, due to exposure to radiation, were to occur while performing this job, how serious would be the likely outcome?

    8 (D) Hazardous Conditions
    If injury, due to exposure to hazardous conditions, were to occur while performing this job, how serious would be the likely outcome? Hazardous Conditions (e.g., high voltage electricity, combustibles, explosives, chemicals; do not include hazardous equipment or situations)

    8 (I) Take a Position Opposed to Others
    How important are interactions requiring the worker to: Take a position opposed to coworkers or others?

    8 (I) Deal With External Customers
    How important are interactions requiring the worker to: Deal with external customers (e.g., retail sales) or the public in general (e.g., police work)?

    6 (L) Radiation
    What is the likelihood that the worker would be injured as a result of being exposed to radiation while performing this job?

    5 (F) Hazardous Equipment
    How often does this job require the worker to be exposed to harardous equipment? Hazardous Equipment (e.g., saws, machinery/mechanical parts include exposure to vehicular traffic, but not driving a vehicle)

    5 (F) Hazardous Situations
    How often does this job require the worker to be exposed to harardous situations? Hazardous Situations involving likely cuts, bites, stings, or minor burns

    5 (F) Frequency in Conflict Situations
    How frequently do the job requirements place the worker in conflict situations?

    5 (F) Very Hot
    How often during a usual work period is the worker exposed to the following conditions: Very hot (above 90 F) or very cold (under 32 F) temperatures?

    5 (F) Sounds or Noise Levels Are Distracting
    How often during a usual work period is the worker exposed to the following conditions: Sounds and noise levels that are distracting and uncomfortable?

    5 (F) Cramped Work Space, Awkward Positions
    How often during a usual work period is the worker exposed to the following conditions: Cramped work space that requires getting into awkward positions?

    5 (F) Climbing Ladders, Scaffolds, Poles, etc.
    How much time in a usual work period does the worker spend: Climbing ladders, scaffolds, poles, etc?

    5 (F) Keeping or Regaining Balance
    How much time in a usual work period does the worker spend: Keeping or regaining balance?

    4 (D) Hazardous Situations
    If injury, due to exposure to hazardous situations, were to occur while performing this job, how serious would be the likely outcome? Hazardous Situations involving likely cuts, bites, stings, or minor burns

    4 (D) Hazardous Equipment
    If injury, due to exposure to hazardous equipment, were to occur while performing this job, how serious would be the likely outcome? Hazardous Equipment (e.g., saws, machinery/mechanical parts include exposure to vehicular traffic, but not driving a vehicle)

    3 (L) Hazardous Situations
    What is the likelihood that the worker would be injured as a result of being exposed to hazardous situations while performing this job? Hazardous Situations involving likely cuts, bites, stings, or minor burns

    3 (L) Hazardous Equipment
    What is the likelihood that the worker would be injured as a result of being exposed to hazardous equipment while performing this job? Hazardous Equipment (e.g., saws, machinery/mechanical parts include exposure to vehicular traffic, but not driving a vehicle)

    INTERESTS:
    Interest elements are ranked by occupational interest.

    100 Investigative
    Investigative occupations frequently involve working with ideas, and require an extensive amount of thinking. These occupations can involve searching for facts and figuring out problems mentally.

    72 Realistic
    Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.

    39 Conventional
    Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow.

    28 Artistic
    Artistic occupations frequently involve working with forms, designs and patterns. They often require self-expression and the work can be done without following a clear set of rules.

    17 Enterprising
    Enterprising occupations frequently involve starting up and carrying out projects. These occupations can involve leading people and making many decisions. Sometimes they require risk taking and often deal with business.

    17 Social
    Social occupations frequently involve working with, communicating with, and teaching people. These occupations often involve helping or providing service to others.

    WORK VALUES:
    Work values elements are ranked by extent.

    81 Independence-Mean Extent
    Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employs to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy.

    77 Achievement-Mean Extent
    Occupations that satisfy this work value are results oriented and allow employees to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment. Corresponding needs are Ability Utilization and Achievement.

    66 Working Conditions-Mean Extent
    Occupations that satisfy this work value offer job security and good working conditions. Corresponding needs are Activity, Compensation, Independence, Security, Variety and Working Conditions.

    52 Recognition-Mean Extent
    Occupations that satisfy this work value offer advancement, potential for leadership, and are often considered prestigious. Corresponding needs are Advancement, Authority, Recognition and Social Status.

    45 Support-Mean Extent
    Occupations that satisfy this work value offer supportive management that stands behind employees. Corresponding needs are Company Policies, Supervision: Human Relations and Supervision: Technical.

    41 Relationships-Mean Extent
    Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to provide service to others and work with co-workers in a friendly non-competitive environment. Corresponding needs are Co-workers, Moral Values and Social Service.

    88 Autonomy
    Workers on this job plan their work with little supervision

    84 Ability Utilization
    Workers on this job make use of their individual abilities

    81 Responsibility
    Workers on this job make decisions on their own

    78 Independence
    Workers on this job do their work alone

    75 Creativity
    Workers on this job try out their own ideas

    72 Moral Values
    Workers on this job are never pressured to do things that go against their sense of right and wrong

    72 Security
    Workers on this job have steady employment

    72 Working Conditions
    Workers on this job have good working conditions

    69 Achievement
    Workers on this job get a feeling of accomplishment

    66 Social Status
    Workers on this job are looked up to by others in their company and their community

    66 Recognition
    Workers on this job receive recognition for the work they do

    66 Company Policies and Practices
    Workers on this job are treated fairly by the company

    59 Activity
    Workers on this job are busy all the time

    56 Variety
    Workers on this job have something different to do every day

    56 Compensation
    Workers on this job are paid well in comparison with other workers

    50 Supervision, Human Relations
    Workers on this job have supervisors who back up their workers with management

    44 Advancement
    Workers on this job have opportunities for advancement

    34 Co-workers
    Workers on this job have co-workers who are easy to get along with

    31 Authority
    Workers on this job give directions and instructions to others

    19 Supervision, Technical
    Workers on this job have supervisors who train their workers well

    16 Social Service
    Workers on this job have work where they do things for other people

    CROSSWALKS:
    DOT91 (Dictionary of Occupational Titles): 041061078 Physiologist
    041061042 Cytologist

    AIM97 (Apprenticeship Information Management): No crosswalks

    CEN90 (1990 Census Occupations): 078 Biological and Life Scientists

    CIP90 (Classification of Instructional Programs): 260701 Zoology, General
    260202 Biochemistry
    511305 Medical Cell Biology
    260301 Botany, General
    260706 Physiology, Human and Animal
    511313 Medical Physiology
    260608 Neuroscience
    020407 Agricultural Plant Physiology
    260601 Anatomy
    260616 Biotechnology Research
    260401 Cell Biology
    020401 Plant Sciences, General
    260307 Plant Physiology

    GOE93 (Guide for Occupational Exploration): 020203 Life Sciences: Plant and Animal Specialization

    MOC97 (Military Occupational Codes): 0849 Aerospace Physiologist
    0848 Physiologist
    43A1 Aerospace Physiologist
    43A3 Aerospace Physiologist
    43A4 Aerospace Physiologist

    OES98 (Occupational Employment Statistics): 24308 Biological Scientists

    OPM97 (Office of Personnel Management Occupations): 0435 Plant Physiology
    0413 Physiology
    0401 General Biological Science

    SOC98 (Standard Occupational Classification): No crosswalks