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TITLE: Physiologists and Cytologists
DEFINITION: Research or study cellular structure and functions, or organ system functions, of plants and animals.
1. Studies cells, cellular structure, cell division, and organ-system functions of plants and animals.
2. Studies functions of plants and animals, such as growth, respiration, movement, and reproduction, under normal and abnormal conditions.
3. Conducts experiments to determine effects of internal and external environmental factors on life processes and functions.
4. Studies physiology of plants, animals, or particular human body area, function, organ, or system.
5. Utilizes microscope, x-ray equipment, spectroscope, and other equipment to study cell structure and function and to perform experiments.
6. Studies glands and their relationship to bodily functions.
7. Analyzes reproductive cells and methods by which chromosomes divide or unite.
8. Studies formation of sperm and eggs in animal sex glands, and studies origin of blood and tissue cells.
9. Researches physiology of unicellular organisms, such as protozoa, to ascertain physical and chemical factors of growth.
10. Studies influence of physical and chemical factors on malignant and normal cells.
11. Assesses and evaluates hormonal status and presence of atypical or malignant changes in exfoliated, aspirated, or abraded cells.
12. Selects and sections minute particles of animal or plant tissue for microscopic study, using microtome and other equipment.
13. Stains tissue sample to make cell structures visible or to differentiate parts.
14. Prepares technical reports and recommendations based upon research outcomes.
Knowledge elements are ranked by importance.
Knowledge of plant and animal living tissue, cells, organisms, and entities, including their functions, interdependencies, and interactions with each other and the environment
Knowledge of numbers, their operations, and interrelationships including arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications
50 Administration and Management
Knowledge of principles and processes involved in business and organizational planning, coordination, and execution. This includes strategic planning, resource allocation, manpower modeling, leadership techniques, and production methods
Knowledge of the composition, structure, and properties of substances and of the chemical processes and transformations that they undergo. This includes uses of chemicals and their interactions, danger signs, production techniques, and disposal methods
46 English Language
Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar
25 Computers and Electronics
Knowledge of electric circuit boards, processors, chips, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming
25 Engineering and Technology
Knowledge of equipment, tools, mechanical devices, and their uses to produce motion, light, power, technology, and other applications
Knowledge and prediction of physical principles, laws, and applications including air, water, material dynamics, light, atomic principles, heat, electric theory, earth formations, and meteorological and related natural phenomena
Knowledge of machines and tools, including their designs, uses, benefits, repair, and maintenance
Knowledge of administrative and clerical procedures and systems such as word processing systems, filing and records management systems, stenography and transcription, forms design principles, and other office procedures and terminology
4 Economics and Accounting
Knowledge of economic and accounting principles and practices, the financial markets, banking, and the analysis and reporting of financial data
4 Communications and Media
Knowledge of media production, communication, and dissemination techniques and methods including alternative ways to inform and entertain via written, oral, and visual media
4 Public Safety and Security
Knowledge of weaponry, public safety, and security operations, rules, regulations, precautions, prevention, and the protection of people, data, and property
Skills elements are ranked by importance.
Using scientific methods to solve problems
90 Reading Comprehension
Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents
Communicating effectively with others in writing as indicated by the needs of the audience
80 Information Gathering
Knowing how to find information and identifying essential information
Using mathematics to solve problems
75 Critical Thinking
Using logic and analysis to identify the strengths and weaknesses of different approaches
75 Active Learning
Working with new material or information to grasp its implications
70 Idea Generation
Generating a number of different approaches to problems
60 Information Organization
Finding ways to structure or classify multiple pieces of information
60 Solution Appraisal
Observing and evaluating the outcomes of a problem solution to identify lessons learned or redirect efforts
60 Problem Identification
Identifying the nature of problems
Assessing how well one is doing when learning or doing something
55 Idea Evaluation
Evaluating the likely success of an idea in relation to the demands of the situation
50 Judgment and Decision Making
Weighing the relative costs and benefits of a potential action
50 Operation and Control
Controlling operations of equipment or systems
Reorganizing information to get a better approach to problems or tasks
50 Identification of Key Causes
Identifying the things that must be changed to achieve a goal
45 Equipment Selection
Determining the kind of tools and equipment needed to do a job
45 Identifying Downstream Consequences
Determining the long-term outcomes of a change in operations
45 Implementation Planning
Developing approaches for implementing an idea
45 Product Inspection
Inspecting and evaluating the quality of products
Developing an image of how a system should work under ideal conditions
40 Learning Strategies
Using multiple approaches when learning or teaching new things
35 Systems Perception
Determining when important changes have occurred in a system or are likely to occur
35 Active Listening
Listening to what other people are saying and asking questions as appropriate
35 Systems Evaluation
Looking at many indicators of system performance, taking into account their accuracy
30 Operation Monitoring
Watching gauges, dials, or other indicators to make sure a machine is working properly
Talking to others to effectively convey information
Conducting tests to determine whether equipment, software, or procedures are operating as expected
25 Management of Material Resources
Obtaining and seeing to the appropriate use of equipment, facilities, and materials needed to do certain work
25 Time Management
Managing one's own time and the time of others
Teaching others how to do something
20 Operations Analysis
Analyzing needs and product requirements to create a design
Writing computer programs for various purposes
20 Management of Personnel Resources
Motivating, developing, and directing people as they work, identifying the best people for the job
Bringing others together and trying to reconcile differences
15 Social Perceptiveness
Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react the way they do
Persuading others to approach things differently
15 Equipment Maintenance
Performing routine maintenance and determining when and what kind of maintenance is needed
15 Technology Design
Generating or adapting equipment and technology to serve user needs
Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions
Determining what is causing an operating error and deciding what to do about it
10 Service Orientation
Actively looking for ways to help people
10 Management of Financial Resources
Determining how money will be spent to get the work done, and accounting for these expenditures
Repairing machines or systems using the needed tools
Installing equipment, machines, wiring, or programs to meet specifications .
Abilities elements are ranked by importance.
80 Inductive Reasoning
The ability to combine separate pieces of information, or specific answers to problems, to form general rules or conclusions. It includes coming up with a logical explanation for why a series of seemingly unrelated events occur together.
80 Written Comprehension
The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing
80 Deductive Reasoning
The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to come up with logical answers. It involves deciding if an answer makes sense.
75 Information Ordering
The ability to correctly follow a given rule or set of rules in order to arrange things or actions in a certain order. The things or actions can include numbers, letters, words, pictures, procedures, sentences, and mathematical or logical operations.
70 Near Vision
The ability to see details of objects at a close range (within a few feet of the observer)
70 Written Expression
The ability to communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand
The ability to remember information such as words, numbers, pictures, and procedures
60 Category Flexibility
The ability to produce many rules so that each rule tells how to group (or combine) a set of things in a different way.
55 Flexibility of Closure
The ability to identify or detect a known pattern (a figure, object, word, or sound) that is hidden in other distracting material
55 Problem Sensitivity
The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.
55 Speed of Closure
The ability to quickly make sense of information that seems to be without meaning or organization. It involves quickly combining and organizing different pieces of information into a meaningful pattern
50 Oral Comprehension
The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences
45 Oral Expression
The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand
The ability to imagine how something will look after it is moved around or when its parts are moved or rearranged
45 Selective Attention
The ability to concentrate and not be distracted while performing a task over a period of time
45 Fluency of Ideas
The ability to come up with a number of ideas about a given topic. It concerns the number of ideas produced and not the quality, correctness, or creativity of the ideas.
45 Finger Dexterity
The ability to make precisely coordinated movements of the fingers of one or both hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble very small objects
The ability to come up with unusual or clever ideas about a given topic or situation, or to develop creative ways to solve a problem
40 Wrist-Finger Speed
The ability to make fast, simple, repeated movements of the fingers, hands, and wrists
40 Perceptual Speed
The ability to quickly and accurately compare letters, numbers, objects, pictures, or patterns. The things to be compared may be presented at the same time or one after the other. This ability also includes comparing a presented object with a remembered object
40 Number Facility
The ability to add, subtract, multiply, or divide quickly and correctly
40 Manual Dexterity
The ability to quickly make coordinated movements of one hand, a hand together with its arm, or two hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble objects
40 Time Sharing
The ability to efficiently shift back and forth between two or more activities or sources of information (such as speech, sounds, touch, or other sources)
35 Mathematical Reasoning
The ability to understand and organize a problem and then to select a mathematical method or formula to solve the problem
30 Arm-Hand Steadiness
The ability to keep the hand and arm steady while making an arm movement or while holding the arm and hand in one position
30 Control Precision
The ability to quickly and repeatedly make precise adjustments in moving the controls of a machine or vehicle to exact positions
30 Visual Color Discrimination
The ability to match or detect differences between colors, including shades of color and brightness
20 Trunk Strength
The ability to use one's abdominal and lower back muscles to support part of the body repeatedly or continuously over time without "giving out" or fatiguing
20 Far Vision
The ability to see details at a distance
20 Auditory Attention
The ability to focus on a single source of auditory (hearing) information in the presence of other distracting sounds
20 Extent Flexibility
The ability to bend, stretch, twist, or reach out with the body, arms, and/or legs
15 Speech Clarity
The ability to speak clearly so that it is understandable to a listener
15 Hearing Sensitivity
The ability to detect or tell the difference between sounds that vary over broad ranges of pitch and loudness
15 Night Vision
The ability to see under low light conditions
15 Multilimb Coordination
The ability to coordinate movements of two or more limbs together (for example, two arms, two legs, or one leg and one arm) while sitting, standing, or lying down. It does not involve performing the activities while the body is in motion
15 Response Orientation
The ability to choose quickly and correctly between two or more movements in response to two or more signals (lights, sounds, pictures, etc.). It includes the speed with which the correct response is started with the hand, foot, or other body parts
The ability to exert one's self physically over long periods of time without getting winded or out of breath
10 Speech Recognition
The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person
10 Sound Localization
The ability to tell the direction from which a sound originated
10 Depth Perception
The ability to judge which of several objects is closer or farther away from the observer, or to judge the distance between an object and the observer
10 Gross Body Coordination
The ability to coordinate the movement of the arms, legs, and torso together in activities where the whole body is in motion
10 Reaction Time
The ability to quickly respond (with the hand, finger, or foot) to one signal (sound, light, picture, etc.) when it appears
10 Spatial Orientation
The ability to know one's location in relation to the environment, or to know where other objects are in relation to one's self
10 Rate Control
The ability to time the adjustments of a movement or equipment control in anticipation of changes in the speed and/or direction of a continuously moving object or scene
5 Gross Body Equilibrium
The ability to keep or regain one's body balance or stay upright when in an unstable position
5 Static Strength
The ability to exert maximum muscle force to lift, push, pull, or carry objects
5 Peripheral Vision
The ability to see objects or movement of objects to one's side when the eyes are focused forward
5 Speed of Limb Movement
The ability to quickly move the arms or legs
5 Glare Sensitivity
The ability to see objects in the presence of glare or bright lighting
5 Dynamic Flexibility
The ability to quickly and repeatedly bend, stretch, twist, or reach out with the body, arms, and/or legs
Work activities elements are ranked by importance.
100 Analyzing Data or Information
Identifying underlying principles, reasons, or facts by breaking down information or data into separate parts.
100 Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events
Identifying information received by making estimates or categorizations, recognizing differences or similarities, or sensing changes in circumstances or events.
96 Getting Information Needed to Do the Job
Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.
96 Processing Information
Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, verifying, or processing information or data.
92 Monitor Processes, Material, or Surroundings
Monitoring and reviewing information from materials, events, or the environment, often to detect problems or to find out when things are finished.
88 Documenting or Recording Information
Entering, transcribing, recording, storing, or maintaining information in either written form or by electronic/magnetic recording.
79 Controlling Machines and Processes
Using either control mechanisms or direct physical activity to operate machines or processes (not including computers or vehicles).
79 Updating and Using Job-Relevant Knowledge
Keeping up-to-date technically and knowing one's own jobs' and related jobs' functions.
79 Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing
Developing plans to accomplish work, and prioritizing and organizing one's own work.
79 Implementing Ideas or Programs
Conducting or carrying out work procedures and activities in accord with one's own ideas or information provided through directions/instructions for purposes of installing, modifying, preparing, delivering, constructing, integrating, finishing, or completing programs, systems, structures, or products.
79 Making Decisions and Solving Problems
Combining, evaluating, and reasoning with information and data to make decisions and solve problems. These processes involve making decisions about the relative importance of information and choosing the best solution.
71 Judging Qualities of Things, Services, or People
Making judgments about or assessing the value, importance, or quality of things or people.
67 Communicating With Other Workers
Providing information to supervisors, fellow workers, and subordinates. This information can be exchanged face-to-face, in writing, or via telephone/electronic transfer.
67 Interpreting Meaning of Information to Others
Translating or explaining what information means and how it can be understood or used to support responses or feedback to others.
63 Estimating Needed Characteristics
Estimating the Characteristics of Materials, Products, Events, or Information: Estimating sizes, distances, and quantities, or determining time, costs, resources, or materials needed to perform a work activity.
63 Providing Consultation and Advice to Others
Providing consultation and expert advice to management or other groups on technical, systems-related, or process related topics.
63 Developing Objectives and Strategies
Establishing long range objectives and specifying the strategies and actions to achieve these objectives.
63 Monitoring and Controlling Resources
Monitoring and controlling resources and overseeing the spending of money.
63 Performing Administrative Activities
Approving requests, handling paperwork, and performing day-to-day administrative tasks.
54 Evaluating Information Against Standards
Evaluating information against a set of standards and verifying that it is correct.
54 Inspecting Equipment, Structures, or Material
Inspecting or diagnosing equipment, structures, or materials to identify the causes of errors or other problems or defects.
54 Thinking Creatively
Originating, inventing, designing, or creating new applications, ideas, relationships, systems, or products, including artistic contributions.
50 Handling and Moving Objects
Using one's own hands and arms in handling, installing, forming, positioning, and moving materials, or in manipulating things, including the use of keyboards.
50 Scheduling Work and Activities
Scheduling events, programs, activities, as well as the work of others.
50 Communicating With Persons Outside Organization
Communicating with persons outside the organization, representing the organization to customers, the public, government, and other external sources. This information can be exchanged face-to-face, in writing, or via telephone/electronic transfer.
42 Interacting With Computers
Controlling computer functions by using programs, setting up functions, writing software, or otherwise communicating with computer systems.
33 Performing General Physical Activities
Performing physical activities that require moving one's whole body, such as in climbing, lifting, balancing, walking, stooping, where the activities often also require considerable use of the arms and legs, such as in the physical handling of materials.
33 Establishing and Maintaining Relationships
Developing constructive and cooperative working relationships with others.
29 Drafting and Specifying Technical Devices
Providing documentation, detailed instructions, drawings, or specifications to inform others about how devices, parts, equipment, or structures are to be fabricated, constructed, assembled, modified, maintained, or used.
29 Selling or Influencing Others
Convincing others to buy merchandise/goods, or otherwise changing their minds or actions.
25 Coordinating Work and Activities of Others
Coordinating members of a work group to accomplish tasks.
25 Teaching Others
Identifying educational needs, developing formal training programs or classes, and teaching or instructing others.
21 Guiding, Directing and Motivating Subordinates
Providing guidance and direction to subordinates, including setting performance standards and monitoring subordinates.
17 Performing For or Working With Public
Performing for people or dealing directly with the public, including serving persons in restaurants and stores, and receiving clients or guests.
17 Developing and Building Teams
Encouraging and building mutual trust, respect, and cooperation among team members.
17 Coaching and Developing Others
Identifying developmental needs of others and coaching or otherwise helping others to improve their knowledge or skills.
13 Staffing Organizational Units
Recruiting, interviewing, selecting, hiring, and promoting persons for the organization.
4 Repairing and Maintaining Mechanical Equipment
Fixing, servicing, aligning, setting up, adjusting, and testing machines, devices, moving parts, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of mechanical (not electronic) principles.
4 Assisting and Caring for Others
Providing assistance or personal care to others.
4 Resolving Conflict or Negotiating with Others
Handling complaints, arbitrating disputes, and resolving grievances, or otherwise negotiating with others.
Work context elements are ranked by frequency (F), importance (I), responsibility (R), amount of contact (C), how serious (S), objective vs. subjective (O), automation (A), extent of frustration (E), responsible for health and safety (H), likelihood of injury (L), degree of injury (D) .
95 (F) Indoors
How frequently does this job require the worker to work: Indoors
88 (I) Importance of Being Sure All Is Done
How important is it to be sure that all the details of this job are performed and everything is done completely?
84 (I) Importance of Being Exact or Accurate
How important is being very exact or highly accurate in performing this job?
70 (F) Using Hands on Objects, Tools, Controls
How much time in a usual work period does the worker spend: Using hands to handle, control, or feel objects, tools or controls?
60 (S) Consequence of Error
How serious would the result usually be if the worker made a mistake that was not readily correctable?
60 (F) Common Protective or Safety Attire
How often does the worker wear: Common protective or safety attire, such as safety shoes, glasses, gloves, hearing protection, hard-hat, or personal flotation device?
55 (F) Sitting
How much time in a usual work period does the worker spend: Sitting?
40 (I) Importance of Being Aware of New Events
How important is being constantly aware of either frequently changing events (e.g. security guard watching for shoplifters) or infrequent events (e.g. radar operator watching for tornadoes) to performing this job?
40 (F) Standing
How much time in a usual work period does the worker spend: Standing?
40 (F) Making Repetitive Motions
How much time in a usual work period does the worker spend: Making repetitive motions?
40 (F) Contaminants
How often during a usual work period is the worker exposed to the following conditions: Contaminants (pollutants, gases, dust, odors, etc.)?
35 (F) Diseases or Infections
How often does this job require the worker to be exposed to diseases/infection? Diseases/Infections (e.g., patient care, some laboratory work, sanitation control, etc.)
32 (I) Importance of Repeating Same Tasks
How important is repeating the same physical activities (e.g., key entry) or mental activities (e.g., checking entries in a ledger) over and over, without stopping, to performing this job?
32 (D) Diseases or Infections
If injury, due to exposure to diseases/infection, were to occur while performing this job, how serious would be the likely outcome? Diseases/Infections (e.g., patient care, some laboratory work, sanitation control, etc.)
30 (E) Frustrating Circumstances
To what extent do frustrating circumstances ("road blocks" to work that are beyond the worker's control) hinder the accomplishment of this job?
25 (F) Special Uniform
How often does the worker wear: A special uniform, such as that of a commercial pilot, nurse, police officer, or military personnel?
23 (O) Objective or Subjective Information
How objective or subjective is the information communicated in this job?
23 (L) Diseases or Infections
What is the likelihood that the worker would be injured as a result of being exposed to diseases/infections while performing this job? Diseases/Infections (e.g., patient care, some laboratory work, sanitation control, etc.)
20 (F) Outdoors
How frequently does this job require the worker to work: Outdoors
20 (F) Specialized Protective or Safety Attire
How often does the worker wear: Specialized protective or safety attire, such as breathing apparatus, safety harness, full protection suit, or radiation protection?
16 (I) Persuade Someone to a Course of Action
How important are interactions requiring the worker to: Persuade someone to a course of action (informally) or influence others to buy something (to sell)?
16 (I) Supervise, Coach, Train Others
How important are interactions requiring the worker to: Supervise, coach, train, or develop other employees?
16 (I) Pace Determined by Speed of Equipment
How important is it to this job that the pace is determined by the speed of equipment or machinery? (This does not refer to keeping busy at all times on this job.)
15 (F) Radiation
How often does this job require the worker to be exposed to radiation?
14 (H) Responsible for Health and Safety of Others
How responsible is the worker for others' health and safety on this job?
12 (I) Provide a Service to Others
How important are interactions requiring the worker to: Provide a service to others (e.g., customers)?
10 (F) Walking or Running
How much time in a usual work period does the worker spend: Walking or running?
10 (F) Extremely Bright or Inadequate Lighting
How often during a usual work period is the worker exposed to the following conditions: Extremely bright or inadequate lighting conditions?
10 (F) Hazardous Conditions
How often does this job require the worker to be exposed to hazardous conditions? Hazardous Conditions (e.g., high voltage electricity, combustibles, explosives, chemicals; do not include hazardous equipment or situations)
10 (F) Bending or Twisting the Body
How much time in a usual work period does the worker spend: Bending or twisting the body?
10 (A) Degree of Automation
Indicate the level of automation of this job.
10 (F) Kneeling, Crouching or Crawling
How much time in a usual work period does the worker spend: Kneeling, stooping, crouching or crawling?
9 (R) Responsibility for Outcomes and Results
How responsible is the worker for work outcomes and results of other workers?
9 (L) Hazardous Conditions
What is the likelihood that the worker would be injured as a result of being exposed to hazardous conditions while performing this job? Hazardous Conditions (e.g., high voltage electricity, combustibles, explosives, chemicals; do not include hazardous equipment or situations)
8 (C) Job-Required Social Interaction
How much does this job require the worker to be in contact (face-to-face, by telephone, or otherwise) with others in order to perform it?
8 (I) Coordinate or Lead Others
How important are interactions requiring the worker to: Coordinate or lead others in accomplishing work activities (not supervision)?
8 (D) Radiation
If injury, due to exposure to radiation, were to occur while performing this job, how serious would be the likely outcome?
8 (D) Hazardous Conditions
If injury, due to exposure to hazardous conditions, were to occur while performing this job, how serious would be the likely outcome? Hazardous Conditions (e.g., high voltage electricity, combustibles, explosives, chemicals; do not include hazardous equipment or situations)
8 (I) Take a Position Opposed to Others
How important are interactions requiring the worker to: Take a position opposed to coworkers or others?
8 (I) Deal With External Customers
How important are interactions requiring the worker to: Deal with external customers (e.g., retail sales) or the public in general (e.g., police work)?
6 (L) Radiation
What is the likelihood that the worker would be injured as a result of being exposed to radiation while performing this job?
5 (F) Hazardous Equipment
How often does this job require the worker to be exposed to harardous equipment? Hazardous Equipment (e.g., saws, machinery/mechanical parts include exposure to vehicular traffic, but not driving a vehicle)
5 (F) Hazardous Situations
How often does this job require the worker to be exposed to harardous situations? Hazardous Situations involving likely cuts, bites, stings, or minor burns
5 (F) Frequency in Conflict Situations
How frequently do the job requirements place the worker in conflict situations?
5 (F) Very Hot
How often during a usual work period is the worker exposed to the following conditions: Very hot (above 90 F) or very cold (under 32 F) temperatures?
5 (F) Sounds or Noise Levels Are Distracting
How often during a usual work period is the worker exposed to the following conditions: Sounds and noise levels that are distracting and uncomfortable?
5 (F) Cramped Work Space, Awkward Positions
How often during a usual work period is the worker exposed to the following conditions: Cramped work space that requires getting into awkward positions?
5 (F) Climbing Ladders, Scaffolds, Poles, etc.
How much time in a usual work period does the worker spend: Climbing ladders, scaffolds, poles, etc?
5 (F) Keeping or Regaining Balance
How much time in a usual work period does the worker spend: Keeping or regaining balance?
4 (D) Hazardous Situations
If injury, due to exposure to hazardous situations, were to occur while performing this job, how serious would be the likely outcome? Hazardous Situations involving likely cuts, bites, stings, or minor burns
4 (D) Hazardous Equipment
If injury, due to exposure to hazardous equipment, were to occur while performing this job, how serious would be the likely outcome? Hazardous Equipment (e.g., saws, machinery/mechanical parts include exposure to vehicular traffic, but not driving a vehicle)
3 (L) Hazardous Situations
What is the likelihood that the worker would be injured as a result of being exposed to hazardous situations while performing this job? Hazardous Situations involving likely cuts, bites, stings, or minor burns
3 (L) Hazardous Equipment
What is the likelihood that the worker would be injured as a result of being exposed to hazardous equipment while performing this job? Hazardous Equipment (e.g., saws, machinery/mechanical parts include exposure to vehicular traffic, but not driving a vehicle)
Interest elements are ranked by occupational interest.
Investigative occupations frequently involve working with ideas, and require an extensive amount of thinking. These occupations can involve searching for facts and figuring out problems mentally.
Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.
Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow.
Artistic occupations frequently involve working with forms, designs and patterns. They often require self-expression and the work can be done without following a clear set of rules.
Enterprising occupations frequently involve starting up and carrying out projects. These occupations can involve leading people and making many decisions. Sometimes they require risk taking and often deal with business.
Social occupations frequently involve working with, communicating with, and teaching people. These occupations often involve helping or providing service to others.
Work values elements are ranked by extent.
81 Independence-Mean Extent
Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employs to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy.
77 Achievement-Mean Extent
Occupations that satisfy this work value are results oriented and allow employees to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment. Corresponding needs are Ability Utilization and Achievement.
66 Working Conditions-Mean Extent
Occupations that satisfy this work value offer job security and good working conditions. Corresponding needs are Activity, Compensation, Independence, Security, Variety and Working Conditions.
52 Recognition-Mean Extent
Occupations that satisfy this work value offer advancement, potential for leadership, and are often considered prestigious. Corresponding needs are Advancement, Authority, Recognition and Social Status.
45 Support-Mean Extent
Occupations that satisfy this work value offer supportive management that stands behind employees. Corresponding needs are Company Policies, Supervision: Human Relations and Supervision: Technical.
41 Relationships-Mean Extent
Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to provide service to others and work with co-workers in a friendly non-competitive environment. Corresponding needs are Co-workers, Moral Values and Social Service.
Workers on this job plan their work with little supervision
84 Ability Utilization
Workers on this job make use of their individual abilities
Workers on this job make decisions on their own
Workers on this job do their work alone
Workers on this job try out their own ideas
72 Moral Values
Workers on this job are never pressured to do things that go against their sense of right and wrong
Workers on this job have steady employment
72 Working Conditions
Workers on this job have good working conditions
Workers on this job get a feeling of accomplishment
66 Social Status
Workers on this job are looked up to by others in their company and their community
Workers on this job receive recognition for the work they do
66 Company Policies and Practices
Workers on this job are treated fairly by the company
Workers on this job are busy all the time
Workers on this job have something different to do every day
Workers on this job are paid well in comparison with other workers
50 Supervision, Human Relations
Workers on this job have supervisors who back up their workers with management
Workers on this job have opportunities for advancement
Workers on this job have co-workers who are easy to get along with
Workers on this job give directions and instructions to others
19 Supervision, Technical
Workers on this job have supervisors who train their workers well
16 Social Service
Workers on this job have work where they do things for other people
|DOT91 (Dictionary of Occupational Titles):||
|AIM97 (Apprenticeship Information Management):||
|CEN90 (1990 Census Occupations):||
078 Biological and Life Scientists
|CIP90 (Classification of Instructional Programs):||
260701 Zoology, General
511305 Medical Cell Biology
260301 Botany, General
260706 Physiology, Human and Animal
511313 Medical Physiology
020407 Agricultural Plant Physiology
260616 Biotechnology Research
260401 Cell Biology
020401 Plant Sciences, General
260307 Plant Physiology
|GOE93 (Guide for Occupational Exploration):||
020203 Life Sciences: Plant and Animal Specialization
|MOC97 (Military Occupational Codes):||
0849 Aerospace Physiologist
43A1 Aerospace Physiologist
43A3 Aerospace Physiologist
43A4 Aerospace Physiologist
|OES98 (Occupational Employment Statistics):||
24308 Biological Scientists
|OPM97 (Office of Personnel Management Occupations):||
0435 Plant Physiology
0401 General Biological Science
|SOC98 (Standard Occupational Classification):||