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TITLE: Social Workers

DEFINITION: Counsel and aid individuals and families with problems relating to personal and family adjustments, finances, employment, food, clothing, housing, or other human needs and conditions.

  • TASKS
  • KNOWLEDGE
  • SKILLS
  • ABILITIES
  • WORK ACTIVITIES
  • WORK CONTEXT
  • INTERESTS
  • WORK VALUES
  • CROSSWALKS


    TASKS:

    1. Counsels individuals or family members regarding behavior modifications, rehabilitation, social adjustments, financial assistance, vocational training, child care, or medical care.

    2. Counsels parents with child rearing problems and children and youth with difficulties in social adjustments.

    3. Interviews individuals to assess social and emotional capabilities, physical and mental impairments, and financial needs.

    4. Refers client to community resources for needed assistance.

    5. Arranges for day care, homemaker service, prenatal care, and child planning programs for clients in need of such services.

    6. Leads group counseling sessions to provide support in such areas as grief, stress, or chemical dependency.

    7. Counsels students whose behavior, school progress, or mental or physical impairment indicates need for assistance.

    8. Arranges for medical, psychiatric, and other tests that may disclose cause of difficulties and indicate remedial measures.

    9. Consults with parents, teachers, and other school personnel to determine causes of problems and effect solutions.

    10. Serves as liaison between student, home, school, family service agencies, child guidance clinics, courts, protective services, doctors, and clergy members.

    11. Investigates home conditions to determine suitability of foster or adoptive home, or to protect children from harmful environment.

    12. Develops program content, organizes, and leads activities planned to enhance social development of individual members and accomplishment of group goals.

    13. Determines client's eligibility for financial assistance.

    14. Reviews service plan and performs follow-up to determine quantity and quality of service provided to client.

    15. Places children in foster or adoptive homes, institutions, or medical treatment centers.

    16. Evaluates personal characteristics of foster home or adoption applicants.

    17. Maintains case history records and prepares reports.

    18. Collects supplementary information, such as employment, medical records, or school reports.

    19. Assists travelers, including runaways, migrants, transients, refugees, repatriated Americans, and problem families.

    KNOWLEDGE:
    Knowledge elements are ranked by importance.

    92 Therapy and Counseling
    Knowledge of information and techniques needed to rehabilitate physical and mental ailments and to provide career guidance including alternative treatments, rehabilitation equipment and its proper use, and methods to evaluate treatment effects

    79 Psychology
    Knowledge of human behavior and performance, mental processes, psychological research methods, and the assessment and treatment of behavioral and affective disorders

    63 English Language
    Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar

    58 Sociology and Anthropology
    Knowledge of group behavior and dynamics, societal trends and influences, cultures, their history, migrations, ethnicity, and origins

    54 Administration and Management
    Knowledge of principles and processes involved in business and organizational planning, coordination, and execution. This includes strategic planning, resource allocation, manpower modeling, leadership techniques, and production methods

    50 Law, Government and Jurisprudence
    Knowledge of laws, legal codes, court procedures, precedents, government regulations, executive orders, agency rules, and the democratic political process

    50 Customer and Personal Service
    Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services including needs assessment techniques, quality service standards, alternative delivery systems, and customer satisfaction evaluation techniques

    46 Clerical
    Knowledge of administrative and clerical procedures and systems such as word processing systems, filing and records management systems, stenography and transcription, forms design principles, and other office procedures and terminology

    38 Education and Training
    Knowledge of instructional methods and training techniques including curriculum design principles, learning theory, group and individual teaching techniques, design of individual development plans, and test design principles

    33 Medicine and Dentistry
    Knowledge of the information and techniques needed to diagnose and treat injuries, diseases, and deformities. This includes symptoms, treatment alternatives, drug properties and interactions, and preventive health-care measures

    33 Mathematics
    Knowledge of numbers, their operations, and interrelationships including arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications

    33 Personnel and Human Resources
    Knowledge of policies and practices involved in personnel/human resource functions. This includes recruitment, selection, training, and promotion regulations and procedures; compensation and benefits packages; labor relations and negotiation strategies; and personnel information systems

    33 Economics and Accounting
    Knowledge of economic and accounting principles and practices, the financial markets, banking, and the analysis and reporting of financial data

    25 Geography
    Knowledge of various methods for describing the location and distribution of land, sea, and air masses including their physical locations, relationships, and characteristics

    25 Computers and Electronics
    Knowledge of electric circuit boards, processors, chips, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming

    21 Public Safety and Security
    Knowledge of weaponry, public safety, and security operations, rules, regulations, precautions, prevention, and the protection of people, data, and property

    17 Biology
    Knowledge of plant and animal living tissue, cells, organisms, and entities, including their functions, interdependencies, and interactions with each other and the environment

    13 Communications and Media
    Knowledge of media production, communication, and dissemination techniques and methods including alternative ways to inform and entertain via written, oral, and visual media

    13 Telecommunications
    Knowledge of transmission, broadcasting, switching, control, and operation of telecommunications systems

    8 Transportation
    Knowledge of principles and methods for moving people or goods by air, rail, sea, or road, including their relative costs, advantages, and limitations

    8 Foreign Language
    Knowledge of the structure and content of a foreign (non-English) language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition and grammar, and pronunciation

    8 Building and Construction
    Knowledge of materials, methods, and the appropriate tools to construct objects, structures, and buildings

    8 Philosophy and Theology
    Knowledge of different philosophical systems and religions, including their basic principles, values, ethics, ways of thinking, customs, and practices, and their impact on human culture

    4 Chemistry
    Knowledge of the composition, structure, and properties of substances and of the chemical processes and transformations that they undergo. This includes uses of chemicals and their interactions, danger signs, production techniques, and disposal methods

    SKILLS:
    Skills elements are ranked by importance.

    96 Social Perceptiveness
    Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react the way they do

    92 Service Orientation
    Actively looking for ways to help people

    88 Speaking
    Talking to others to effectively convey information

    83 Active Listening
    Listening to what other people are saying and asking questions as appropriate

    79 Problem Identification
    Identifying the nature of problems

    75 Reading Comprehension
    Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents

    75 Coordination
    Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions

    75 Information Gathering
    Knowing how to find information and identifying essential information

    71 Critical Thinking
    Using logic and analysis to identify the strengths and weaknesses of different approaches

    67 Monitoring
    Assessing how well one is doing when learning or doing something

    67 Idea Generation
    Generating a number of different approaches to problems

    67 Writing
    Communicating effectively with others in writing as indicated by the needs of the audience

    63 Judgment and Decision Making
    Weighing the relative costs and benefits of a potential action

    63 Idea Evaluation
    Evaluating the likely success of an idea in relation to the demands of the situation

    63 Solution Appraisal
    Observing and evaluating the outcomes of a problem solution to identify lessons learned or redirect efforts

    58 Learning Strategies
    Using multiple approaches when learning or teaching new things

    58 Active Learning
    Working with new material or information to grasp its implications

    58 Synthesis/Reorganization
    Reorganizing information to get a better approach to problems or tasks

    58 Implementation Planning
    Developing approaches for implementing an idea

    54 Identification of Key Causes
    Identifying the things that must be changed to achieve a goal

    54 Time Management
    Managing one's own time and the time of others

    54 Visioning
    Developing an image of how a system should work under ideal conditions

    54 Information Organization
    Finding ways to structure or classify multiple pieces of information

    50 Instructing
    Teaching others how to do something

    50 Negotiation
    Bringing others together and trying to reconcile differences

    50 Systems Perception
    Determining when important changes have occurred in a system or are likely to occur

    50 Persuasion
    Persuading others to approach things differently

    46 Identifying Downstream Consequences
    Determining the long-term outcomes of a change in operations

    29 Mathematics
    Using mathematics to solve problems

    29 Systems Evaluation
    Looking at many indicators of system performance, taking into account their accuracy

    25 Science
    Using scientific methods to solve problems

    21 Product Inspection
    Inspecting and evaluating the quality of products

    21 Testing
    Conducting tests to determine whether equipment, software, or procedures are operating as expected

    21 Management of Material Resources
    Obtaining and seeing to the appropriate use of equipment, facilities, and materials needed to do certain work

    21 Management of Financial Resources
    Determining how money will be spent to get the work done, and accounting for these expenditures

    17 Operations Analysis
    Analyzing needs and product requirements to create a design

    13 Equipment Selection
    Determining the kind of tools and equipment needed to do a job

    8 Management of Personnel Resources
    Motivating, developing, and directing people as they work, identifying the best people for the job

    8 Operation and Control
    Controlling operations of equipment or systems

    4 Technology Design
    Generating or adapting equipment and technology to serve user needs

    4 Operation Monitoring
    Watching gauges, dials, or other indicators to make sure a machine is working properly .

    ABILITIES:
    Abilities elements are ranked by importance.

    95 Oral Comprehension
    The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences

    95 Oral Expression
    The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand

    75 Written Expression
    The ability to communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand

    75 Problem Sensitivity
    The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.

    70 Written Comprehension
    The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing

    60 Speech Clarity
    The ability to speak clearly so that it is understandable to a listener

    50 Fluency of Ideas
    The ability to come up with a number of ideas about a given topic. It concerns the number of ideas produced and not the quality, correctness, or creativity of the ideas.

    45 Speech Recognition
    The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person

    45 Deductive Reasoning
    The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to come up with logical answers. It involves deciding if an answer makes sense.

    40 Near Vision
    The ability to see details of objects at a close range (within a few feet of the observer)

    35 Information Ordering
    The ability to correctly follow a given rule or set of rules in order to arrange things or actions in a certain order. The things or actions can include numbers, letters, words, pictures, procedures, sentences, and mathematical or logical operations.

    35 Memorization
    The ability to remember information such as words, numbers, pictures, and procedures

    35 Time Sharing
    The ability to efficiently shift back and forth between two or more activities or sources of information (such as speech, sounds, touch, or other sources)

    30 Number Facility
    The ability to add, subtract, multiply, or divide quickly and correctly

    30 Inductive Reasoning
    The ability to combine separate pieces of information, or specific answers to problems, to form general rules or conclusions. It includes coming up with a logical explanation for why a series of seemingly unrelated events occur together.

    25 Selective Attention
    The ability to concentrate and not be distracted while performing a task over a period of time

    25 Auditory Attention
    The ability to focus on a single source of auditory (hearing) information in the presence of other distracting sounds

    25 Mathematical Reasoning
    The ability to understand and organize a problem and then to select a mathematical method or formula to solve the problem

    20 Originality
    The ability to come up with unusual or clever ideas about a given topic or situation, or to develop creative ways to solve a problem

    20 Category Flexibility
    The ability to produce many rules so that each rule tells how to group (or combine) a set of things in a different way.

    15 Wrist-Finger Speed
    The ability to make fast, simple, repeated movements of the fingers, hands, and wrists

    15 Spatial Orientation
    The ability to know one's location in relation to the environment, or to know where other objects are in relation to one's self

    15 Flexibility of Closure
    The ability to identify or detect a known pattern (a figure, object, word, or sound) that is hidden in other distracting material

    15 Trunk Strength
    The ability to use one's abdominal and lower back muscles to support part of the body repeatedly or continuously over time without "giving out" or fatiguing

    15 Far Vision
    The ability to see details at a distance

    15 Perceptual Speed
    The ability to quickly and accurately compare letters, numbers, objects, pictures, or patterns. The things to be compared may be presented at the same time or one after the other. This ability also includes comparing a presented object with a remembered object

    10 Response Orientation
    The ability to choose quickly and correctly between two or more movements in response to two or more signals (lights, sounds, pictures, etc.). It includes the speed with which the correct response is started with the hand, foot, or other body parts

    10 Speed of Closure
    The ability to quickly make sense of information that seems to be without meaning or organization. It involves quickly combining and organizing different pieces of information into a meaningful pattern

    10 Hearing Sensitivity
    The ability to detect or tell the difference between sounds that vary over broad ranges of pitch and loudness

    10 Glare Sensitivity
    The ability to see objects in the presence of glare or bright lighting

    10 Visualization
    The ability to imagine how something will look after it is moved around or when its parts are moved or rearranged

    5 Stamina
    The ability to exert one's self physically over long periods of time without getting winded or out of breath

    5 Sound Localization
    The ability to tell the direction from which a sound originated

    5 Visual Color Discrimination
    The ability to match or detect differences between colors, including shades of color and brightness

    5 Gross Body Coordination
    The ability to coordinate the movement of the arms, legs, and torso together in activities where the whole body is in motion

    5 Control Precision
    The ability to quickly and repeatedly make precise adjustments in moving the controls of a machine or vehicle to exact positions

    5 Extent Flexibility
    The ability to bend, stretch, twist, or reach out with the body, arms, and/or legs

    5 Arm-Hand Steadiness
    The ability to keep the hand and arm steady while making an arm movement or while holding the arm and hand in one position

    5 Static Strength
    The ability to exert maximum muscle force to lift, push, pull, or carry objects

    5 Speed of Limb Movement
    The ability to quickly move the arms or legs

    5 Reaction Time
    The ability to quickly respond (with the hand, finger, or foot) to one signal (sound, light, picture, etc.) when it appears

    5 Rate Control
    The ability to time the adjustments of a movement or equipment control in anticipation of changes in the speed and/or direction of a continuously moving object or scene

    5 Multilimb Coordination
    The ability to coordinate movements of two or more limbs together (for example, two arms, two legs, or one leg and one arm) while sitting, standing, or lying down. It does not involve performing the activities while the body is in motion

    5 Finger Dexterity
    The ability to make precisely coordinated movements of the fingers of one or both hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble very small objects

    5 Manual Dexterity
    The ability to quickly make coordinated movements of one hand, a hand together with its arm, or two hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble objects

    WORK ACTIVITIES:
    Work activities elements are ranked by importance.

    100 Establishing and Maintaining Relationships
    Developing constructive and cooperative working relationships with others.

    96 Assisting and Caring for Others
    Providing assistance or personal care to others.

    92 Getting Information Needed to Do the Job
    Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.

    88 Judging Qualities of Things, Services, or People
    Making judgments about or assessing the value, importance, or quality of things or people.

    88 Communicating With Persons Outside Organization
    Communicating with persons outside the organization, representing the organization to customers, the public, government, and other external sources. This information can be exchanged face-to-face, in writing, or via telephone/electronic transfer.

    83 Monitor Processes, Material, or Surroundings
    Monitoring and reviewing information from materials, events, or the environment, often to detect problems or to find out when things are finished.

    79 Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events
    Identifying information received by making estimates or categorizations, recognizing differences or similarities, or sensing changes in circumstances or events.

    79 Making Decisions and Solving Problems
    Combining, evaluating, and reasoning with information and data to make decisions and solve problems. These processes involve making decisions about the relative importance of information and choosing the best solution.

    75 Providing Consultation and Advice to Others
    Providing consultation and expert advice to management or other groups on technical, systems-related, or process related topics.

    67 Analyzing Data or Information
    Identifying underlying principles, reasons, or facts by breaking down information or data into separate parts.

    67 Implementing Ideas or Programs
    Conducting or carrying out work procedures and activities in accord with one's own ideas or information provided through directions/instructions for purposes of installing, modifying, preparing, delivering, constructing, integrating, finishing, or completing programs, systems, structures, or products.

    67 Documenting or Recording Information
    Entering, transcribing, recording, storing, or maintaining information in either written form or by electronic/magnetic recording.

    63 Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing
    Developing plans to accomplish work, and prioritizing and organizing one's own work.

    63 Performing For or Working With Public
    Performing for people or dealing directly with the public, including serving persons in restaurants and stores, and receiving clients or guests.

    63 Updating and Using Job-Relevant Knowledge
    Keeping up-to-date technically and knowing one's own jobs' and related jobs' functions.

    58 Developing Objectives and Strategies
    Establishing long range objectives and specifying the strategies and actions to achieve these objectives.

    54 Estimating Needed Characteristics
    Estimating the Characteristics of Materials, Products, Events, or Information: Estimating sizes, distances, and quantities, or determining time, costs, resources, or materials needed to perform a work activity.

    54 Evaluating Information Against Standards
    Evaluating information against a set of standards and verifying that it is correct.

    50 Interpreting Meaning of Information to Others
    Translating or explaining what information means and how it can be understood or used to support responses or feedback to others.

    50 Communicating With Other Workers
    Providing information to supervisors, fellow workers, and subordinates. This information can be exchanged face-to-face, in writing, or via telephone/electronic transfer.

    50 Selling or Influencing Others
    Convincing others to buy merchandise/goods, or otherwise changing their minds or actions.

    50 Resolving Conflict or Negotiating with Others
    Handling complaints, arbitrating disputes, and resolving grievances, or otherwise negotiating with others.

    42 Coordinating Work and Activities of Others
    Coordinating members of a work group to accomplish tasks.

    42 Coaching and Developing Others
    Identifying developmental needs of others and coaching or otherwise helping others to improve their knowledge or skills.

    38 Teaching Others
    Identifying educational needs, developing formal training programs or classes, and teaching or instructing others.

    33 Performing Administrative Activities
    Approving requests, handling paperwork, and performing day-to-day administrative tasks.

    33 Interacting With Computers
    Controlling computer functions by using programs, setting up functions, writing software, or otherwise communicating with computer systems.

    33 Inspecting Equipment, Structures, or Material
    Inspecting or diagnosing equipment, structures, or materials to identify the causes of errors or other problems or defects.

    33 Scheduling Work and Activities
    Scheduling events, programs, activities, as well as the work of others.

    33 Developing and Building Teams
    Encouraging and building mutual trust, respect, and cooperation among team members.

    29 Processing Information
    Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, verifying, or processing information or data.

    25 Performing General Physical Activities
    Performing physical activities that require moving one's whole body, such as in climbing, lifting, balancing, walking, stooping, where the activities often also require considerable use of the arms and legs, such as in the physical handling of materials.

    21 Thinking Creatively
    Originating, inventing, designing, or creating new applications, ideas, relationships, systems, or products, including artistic contributions.

    21 Handling and Moving Objects
    Using one's own hands and arms in handling, installing, forming, positioning, and moving materials, or in manipulating things, including the use of keyboards.

    13 Monitoring and Controlling Resources
    Monitoring and controlling resources and overseeing the spending of money.

    8 Operating Vehicles or Equipment
    Running, maneuvering, navigating, or driving vehicles or mechanized equipment, such as forklifts, passenger vehicles, aircraft, or water craft.

    4 Controlling Machines and Processes
    Using either control mechanisms or direct physical activity to operate machines or processes (not including computers or vehicles).

    4 Guiding, Directing and Motivating Subordinates
    Providing guidance and direction to subordinates, including setting performance standards and monitoring subordinates.

    WORK CONTEXT:
    Work context elements are ranked by frequency (F), importance (I), responsibility (R), amount of contact (C), how serious (S), objective vs. subjective (O), automation (A), extent of frustration (E), responsible for health and safety (H), likelihood of injury (L), degree of injury (D) .

    92 (I) Deal With External Customers
    How important are interactions requiring the worker to: Deal with external customers (e.g., retail sales) or the public in general (e.g., police work)?

    90 (C) Job-Required Social Interaction
    How much does this job require the worker to be in contact (face-to-face, by telephone, or otherwise) with others in order to perform it?

    84 (I) Provide a Service to Others
    How important are interactions requiring the worker to: Provide a service to others (e.g., customers)?

    80 (F) Indoors
    How frequently does this job require the worker to work: Indoors

    75 (F) Sitting
    How much time in a usual work period does the worker spend: Sitting?

    72 (I) Importance of Being Sure All Is Done
    How important is it to be sure that all the details of this job are performed and everything is done completely?

    68 (I) Importance of Being Exact or Accurate
    How important is being very exact or highly accurate in performing this job?

    60 (O) Objective or Subjective Information
    How objective or subjective is the information communicated in this job?

    60 (F) Frequency in Conflict Situations
    How frequently do the job requirements place the worker in conflict situations?

    55 (F) Deal With Unpleasant or Angry People
    How frequently does the worker have to deal with unpleasant, angry, or discourteous individuals as part of the job requirements?

    53 (E) Frustrating Circumstances
    To what extent do frustrating circumstances ("road blocks" to work that are beyond the worker's control) hinder the accomplishment of this job?

    50 (F) Standing
    How much time in a usual work period does the worker spend: Standing?

    46 (H) Responsible for Health and Safety of Others
    How responsible is the worker for others' health and safety on this job?

    44 (I) Persuade Someone to a Course of Action
    How important are interactions requiring the worker to: Persuade someone to a course of action (informally) or influence others to buy something (to sell)?

    43 (S) Consequence of Error
    How serious would the result usually be if the worker made a mistake that was not readily correctable?

    35 (F) Outdoors
    How frequently does this job require the worker to work: Outdoors

    32 (I) Importance of Being Aware of New Events
    How important is being constantly aware of either frequently changing events (e.g. security guard watching for shoplifters) or infrequent events (e.g. radar operator watching for tornadoes) to performing this job?

    32 (I) Supervise, Coach, Train Others
    How important are interactions requiring the worker to: Supervise, coach, train, or develop other employees?

    32 (I) Coordinate or Lead Others
    How important are interactions requiring the worker to: Coordinate or lead others in accomplishing work activities (not supervision)?

    30 (F) Walking or Running
    How much time in a usual work period does the worker spend: Walking or running?

    30 (F) Using Hands on Objects, Tools, Controls
    How much time in a usual work period does the worker spend: Using hands to handle, control, or feel objects, tools or controls?

    20 (F) Deal With Physically Aggressive People
    How frequently does this job require the worker to deal with physical aggression of violent individuals?

    20 (R) Responsibility for Outcomes and Results
    How responsible is the worker for work outcomes and results of other workers?

    20 (I) Take a Position Opposed to Others
    How important are interactions requiring the worker to: Take a position opposed to coworkers or others?

    15 (F) Kneeling, Crouching or Crawling
    How much time in a usual work period does the worker spend: Kneeling, stooping, crouching or crawling?

    15 (F) Bending or Twisting the Body
    How much time in a usual work period does the worker spend: Bending or twisting the body?

    15 (F) Making Repetitive Motions
    How much time in a usual work period does the worker spend: Making repetitive motions?

    10 (F) Diseases or Infections
    How often does this job require the worker to be exposed to diseases/infection? Diseases/Infections (e.g., patient care, some laboratory work, sanitation control, etc.)

    10 (F) Hazardous Conditions
    How often does this job require the worker to be exposed to hazardous conditions? Hazardous Conditions (e.g., high voltage electricity, combustibles, explosives, chemicals; do not include hazardous equipment or situations)

    10 (A) Degree of Automation
    Indicate the level of automation of this job.

    10 (F) Keeping or Regaining Balance
    How much time in a usual work period does the worker spend: Keeping or regaining balance?

    8 (D) Diseases or Infections
    If injury, due to exposure to diseases/infection, were to occur while performing this job, how serious would be the likely outcome? Diseases/Infections (e.g., patient care, some laboratory work, sanitation control, etc.)

    8 (I) Importance of Repeating Same Tasks
    How important is repeating the same physical activities (e.g., key entry) or mental activities (e.g., checking entries in a ledger) over and over, without stopping, to performing this job?

    8 (D) Hazardous Conditions
    If injury, due to exposure to hazardous conditions, were to occur while performing this job, how serious would be the likely outcome? Hazardous Conditions (e.g., high voltage electricity, combustibles, explosives, chemicals; do not include hazardous equipment or situations)

    6 (L) Diseases or Infections
    What is the likelihood that the worker would be injured as a result of being exposed to diseases/infections while performing this job? Diseases/Infections (e.g., patient care, some laboratory work, sanitation control, etc.)

    5 (F) Very Hot
    How often during a usual work period is the worker exposed to the following conditions: Very hot (above 90 F) or very cold (under 32 F) temperatures?

    5 (F) Sounds or Noise Levels Are Distracting
    How often during a usual work period is the worker exposed to the following conditions: Sounds and noise levels that are distracting and uncomfortable?

    5 (F) Contaminants
    How often during a usual work period is the worker exposed to the following conditions: Contaminants (pollutants, gases, dust, odors, etc.)?

    5 (F) Cramped Work Space, Awkward Positions
    How often during a usual work period is the worker exposed to the following conditions: Cramped work space that requires getting into awkward positions?

    3 (L) Hazardous Conditions
    What is the likelihood that the worker would be injured as a result of being exposed to hazardous conditions while performing this job? Hazardous Conditions (e.g., high voltage electricity, combustibles, explosives, chemicals; do not include hazardous equipment or situations)

    INTERESTS:
    Interest elements are ranked by occupational interest.

    100 Social
    Social occupations frequently involve working with, communicating with, and teaching people. These occupations often involve helping or providing service to others.

    50 Enterprising
    Enterprising occupations frequently involve starting up and carrying out projects. These occupations can involve leading people and making many decisions. Sometimes they require risk taking and often deal with business.

    50 Artistic
    Artistic occupations frequently involve working with forms, designs and patterns. They often require self-expression and the work can be done without following a clear set of rules.

    44 Conventional
    Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow.

    39 Investigative
    Investigative occupations frequently involve working with ideas, and require an extensive amount of thinking. These occupations can involve searching for facts and figuring out problems mentally.

    28 Realistic
    Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.

    WORK VALUES:
    Work values elements are ranked by extent.

    72 Achievement-Mean Extent
    Occupations that satisfy this work value are results oriented and allow employees to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment. Corresponding needs are Ability Utilization and Achievement.

    68 Independence-Mean Extent
    Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employs to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy.

    60 Relationships-Mean Extent
    Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to provide service to others and work with co-workers in a friendly non-competitive environment. Corresponding needs are Co-workers, Moral Values and Social Service.

    60 Working Conditions-Mean Extent
    Occupations that satisfy this work value offer job security and good working conditions. Corresponding needs are Activity, Compensation, Independence, Security, Variety and Working Conditions.

    56 Recognition-Mean Extent
    Occupations that satisfy this work value offer advancement, potential for leadership, and are often considered prestigious. Corresponding needs are Advancement, Authority, Recognition and Social Status.

    54 Support-Mean Extent
    Occupations that satisfy this work value offer supportive management that stands behind employees. Corresponding needs are Company Policies, Supervision: Human Relations and Supervision: Technical.

    91 Social Service
    Workers on this job have work where they do things for other people

    81 Activity
    Workers on this job are busy all the time

    78 Autonomy
    Workers on this job plan their work with little supervision

    75 Achievement
    Workers on this job get a feeling of accomplishment

    75 Security
    Workers on this job have steady employment

    69 Ability Utilization
    Workers on this job make use of their individual abilities

    66 Supervision, Human Relations
    Workers on this job have supervisors who back up their workers with management

    66 Variety
    Workers on this job have something different to do every day

    66 Responsibility
    Workers on this job make decisions on their own

    63 Social Status
    Workers on this job are looked up to by others in their company and their community

    59 Creativity
    Workers on this job try out their own ideas

    59 Authority
    Workers on this job give directions and instructions to others

    59 Company Policies and Practices
    Workers on this job are treated fairly by the company

    56 Working Conditions
    Workers on this job have good working conditions

    53 Advancement
    Workers on this job have opportunities for advancement

    50 Co-workers
    Workers on this job have co-workers who are easy to get along with

    50 Recognition
    Workers on this job receive recognition for the work they do

    44 Compensation
    Workers on this job are paid well in comparison with other workers

    41 Independence
    Workers on this job do their work alone

    41 Moral Values
    Workers on this job are never pressured to do things that go against their sense of right and wrong

    38 Supervision, Technical
    Workers on this job have supervisors who train their workers well

    CROSSWALKS:
    DOT91 (Dictionary of Occupational Titles): 195107010 Caseworker
    195107038 Social Worker, School
    195107022 Social Group Worker
    195107026 Social Worker, Delinquency Prevention
    195107018 Caseworker, Family
    195107014 Caseworker, Child Welfare
    195137010 Casework Supervisor

    AIM97 (Apprenticeship Information Management): No crosswalks

    CEN90 (1990 Census Occupations): 174 Social Workers

    CIP90 (Classification of Instructional Programs): 420201 Clinical Psychology
    440701 Social Work

    GOE93 (Guide for Occupational Exploration): 100102 Social Services: Counseling and Social Work

    MOC97 (Military Occupational Codes): 0868 Social Worker
    4C051 Mental Health Service
    73A Social Work
    4C071 Mental Health Service
    91X Mental Health Specialist
    4C000 Mental Health Service Manager
    8C000 Family Support Center Superintendent
    9519 Navy drug and Alcohol Counselor
    9522 Navy
    drug and Alcohol Counselor Intern
    9516 Correctional Counselor

    OES98 (Occupational Employment Statistics): 27305 Social Workers, Except Medical and Psychiatric

    OPM97 (Office of Personnel Management Occupations): 0185 Social Work

    SOC98 (Standard Occupational Classification): 21-1021 Child, Family, and School Social Workers


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