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TITLE: Teachers and Instructors, Vocational Education and Training
DEFINITION: Teach or instruct vocational and/or occupational subjects at the postsecondary level (but at less than the baccalaureate) to students who have graduated or left high school. Subjects include business, secretarial science, data processing, trades, and practical nursing. Include correspondence school instructors; industrial, commercial and government training instructors; and adult education teachers and instructors who prepare persons to operate industrial machinery and equipment and transportation and communications equipment. Teaching may take place in public or private schools whose primary business is education or in a school associated with an organization whose primary business is other than education.
1. Conducts on-the-job training, classes, or training sessions to teach and demonstrate principles, techniques, procedures, or methods of designated subjects.
2. Presents lectures and conducts discussions to increase students' knowledge and competence, using visual aids, such as graphs, charts, videotapes, and slides.
3. Observes and evaluates students' work to determine progress, provide feedback, and make suggestions for improvement.
4. Plans course content and method of instruction.
5. Prepares outline of instructional program and training schedule and establishes course goals.
6. Selects and assembles books, materials, supplies and equipment for training, courses or projects.
7. Administers oral, written, or performance tests to measure progress and to evaluate effectiveness of training.
8. Determines training needs of students or workers.
9. Corrects, grades, and comments on lesson assignments.
10. Develops teaching aids, such as instructional software, multimedia visual aids, computer tutorials, or study materials for instruction in vocational or occupational subjects.
11. Prepares reports and maintains records, such as student grades, attendance, training activities, production records, and supply or equipment inventories.
12. Reviews enrollment applications and corresponds with applicants.
13. Arranges for lectures by subject matter experts in designated fields.
14. Recommends advancement, transfer, or termination of student or trainee based on mastery of subject.
15. Participates in meetings, seminars, and training sessions and integrates relevant information into training program.
16. Solves operational problems and provides technical assistance with equipment and process techniques.
Knowledge elements are ranked by importance.
100 Education and Training
Knowledge of instructional methods and training techniques including curriculum design principles, learning theory, group and individual teaching techniques, design of individual development plans, and test design principles
80 English Language
Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar
Knowledge of numbers, their operations, and interrelationships including arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications
Knowledge of administrative and clerical procedures and systems such as word processing systems, filing and records management systems, stenography and transcription, forms design principles, and other office procedures and terminology
40 Administration and Management
Knowledge of principles and processes involved in business and organizational planning, coordination, and execution. This includes strategic planning, resource allocation, manpower modeling, leadership techniques, and production methods
35 Computers and Electronics
Knowledge of electric circuit boards, processors, chips, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming
Knowledge of human behavior and performance, mental processes, psychological research methods, and the assessment and treatment of behavioral and affective disorders
35 Communications and Media
Knowledge of media production, communication, and dissemination techniques and methods including alternative ways to inform and entertain via written, oral, and visual media
30 Therapy and Counseling
Knowledge of information and techniques needed to rehabilitate physical and mental ailments and to provide career guidance including alternative treatments, rehabilitation equipment and its proper use, and methods to evaluate treatment effects
30 Sociology and Anthropology
Knowledge of group behavior and dynamics, societal trends and influences, cultures, their history, migrations, ethnicity, and origins
Knowledge of transmission, broadcasting, switching, control, and operation of telecommunications systems
15 Philosophy and Theology
Knowledge of different philosophical systems and religions, including their basic principles, values, ethics, ways of thinking, customs, and practices, and their impact on human culture
10 Personnel and Human Resources
Knowledge of policies and practices involved in personnel/human resource functions. This includes recruitment, selection, training, and promotion regulations and procedures; compensation and benefits packages; labor relations and negotiation strategies; and personnel information systems
10 Economics and Accounting
Knowledge of economic and accounting principles and practices, the financial markets, banking, and the analysis and reporting of financial data
Knowledge of machines and tools, including their designs, uses, benefits, repair, and maintenance
Knowledge and prediction of physical principles, laws, and applications including air, water, material dynamics, light, atomic principles, heat, electric theory, earth formations, and meteorological and related natural phenomena
10 Building and Construction
Knowledge of materials, methods, and the appropriate tools to construct objects, structures, and buildings
10 Medicine and Dentistry
Knowledge of the information and techniques needed to diagnose and treat injuries, diseases, and deformities. This includes symptoms, treatment alternatives, drug properties and interactions, and preventive health-care measures
Knowledge of the composition, structure, and properties of substances and of the chemical processes and transformations that they undergo. This includes uses of chemicals and their interactions, danger signs, production techniques, and disposal methods
10 Law, Government and Jurisprudence
Knowledge of laws, legal codes, court procedures, precedents, government regulations, executive orders, agency rules, and the democratic political process
10 History and Archeology
Knowledge of past historical events and their causes, indicators, and impact on particular civilizations and cultures
10 Public Safety and Security
Knowledge of weaponry, public safety, and security operations, rules, regulations, precautions, prevention, and the protection of people, data, and property
5 Production and Processing
Knowledge of inputs, outputs, raw materials, waste, quality control, costs, and techniques for maximizing the manufacture and distribution of goods
Knowledge of principles and methods for moving people or goods by air, rail, sea, or road, including their relative costs, advantages, and limitations
Knowledge of various methods for describing the location and distribution of land, sea, and air masses including their physical locations, relationships, and characteristics
5 Foreign Language
Knowledge of the structure and content of a foreign (non-English) language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition and grammar, and pronunciation
Knowledge of design techniques, principles, tools and instruments involved in the production and use of precision technical plans, blueprints, drawings, and models
5 Engineering and Technology
Knowledge of equipment, tools, mechanical devices, and their uses to produce motion, light, power, technology, and other applications
Knowledge of plant and animal living tissue, cells, organisms, and entities, including their functions, interdependencies, and interactions with each other and the environment
Skills elements are ranked by importance.
Talking to others to effectively convey information
Teaching others how to do something
80 Active Listening
Listening to what other people are saying and asking questions as appropriate
80 Learning Strategies
Using multiple approaches when learning or teaching new things
75 Reading Comprehension
Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents
Communicating effectively with others in writing as indicated by the needs of the audience
75 Judgment and Decision Making
Weighing the relative costs and benefits of a potential action
75 Implementation Planning
Developing approaches for implementing an idea
60 Information Gathering
Knowing how to find information and identifying essential information
60 Identification of Key Causes
Identifying the things that must be changed to achieve a goal
55 Critical Thinking
Using logic and analysis to identify the strengths and weaknesses of different approaches
55 Service Orientation
Actively looking for ways to help people
55 Information Organization
Finding ways to structure or classify multiple pieces of information
55 Idea Generation
Generating a number of different approaches to problems
55 Idea Evaluation
Evaluating the likely success of an idea in relation to the demands of the situation
Developing an image of how a system should work under ideal conditions
Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions
50 Time Management
Managing one's own time and the time of others
50 Problem Identification
Identifying the nature of problems
50 Social Perceptiveness
Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react the way they do
50 Solution Appraisal
Observing and evaluating the outcomes of a problem solution to identify lessons learned or redirect efforts
Assessing how well one is doing when learning or doing something
45 Active Learning
Working with new material or information to grasp its implications
45 Systems Perception
Determining when important changes have occurred in a system or are likely to occur
40 Identifying Downstream Consequences
Determining the long-term outcomes of a change in operations
40 Systems Evaluation
Looking at many indicators of system performance, taking into account their accuracy
40 Product Inspection
Inspecting and evaluating the quality of products
35 Equipment Selection
Determining the kind of tools and equipment needed to do a job
Reorganizing information to get a better approach to problems or tasks
Using mathematics to solve problems
30 Management of Personnel Resources
Motivating, developing, and directing people as they work, identifying the best people for the job
30 Technology Design
Generating or adapting equipment and technology to serve user needs
30 Operations Analysis
Analyzing needs and product requirements to create a design
30 Management of Material Resources
Obtaining and seeing to the appropriate use of equipment, facilities, and materials needed to do certain work
Writing computer programs for various purposes
Persuading others to approach things differently
Bringing others together and trying to reconcile differences
Using scientific methods to solve problems
10 Operation and Control
Controlling operations of equipment or systems
10 Operation Monitoring
Watching gauges, dials, or other indicators to make sure a machine is working properly
Repairing machines or systems using the needed tools
5 Equipment Maintenance
Performing routine maintenance and determining when and what kind of maintenance is needed
Installing equipment, machines, wiring, or programs to meet specifications
Conducting tests to determine whether equipment, software, or procedures are operating as expected
Determining what is causing an operating error and deciding what to do about it .
Abilities elements are ranked by importance.
90 Oral Expression
The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand
80 Written Comprehension
The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing
80 Oral Comprehension
The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences
80 Speech Clarity
The ability to speak clearly so that it is understandable to a listener
65 Written Expression
The ability to communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand
60 Number Facility
The ability to add, subtract, multiply, or divide quickly and correctly
60 Near Vision
The ability to see details of objects at a close range (within a few feet of the observer)
60 Problem Sensitivity
The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.
55 Selective Attention
The ability to concentrate and not be distracted while performing a task over a period of time
55 Auditory Attention
The ability to focus on a single source of auditory (hearing) information in the presence of other distracting sounds
55 Fluency of Ideas
The ability to come up with a number of ideas about a given topic. It concerns the number of ideas produced and not the quality, correctness, or creativity of the ideas.
50 Deductive Reasoning
The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to come up with logical answers. It involves deciding if an answer makes sense.
The ability to imagine how something will look after it is moved around or when its parts are moved or rearranged
50 Mathematical Reasoning
The ability to understand and organize a problem and then to select a mathematical method or formula to solve the problem
50 Inductive Reasoning
The ability to combine separate pieces of information, or specific answers to problems, to form general rules or conclusions. It includes coming up with a logical explanation for why a series of seemingly unrelated events occur together.
The ability to come up with unusual or clever ideas about a given topic or situation, or to develop creative ways to solve a problem
The ability to remember information such as words, numbers, pictures, and procedures
45 Time Sharing
The ability to efficiently shift back and forth between two or more activities or sources of information (such as speech, sounds, touch, or other sources)
40 Information Ordering
The ability to correctly follow a given rule or set of rules in order to arrange things or actions in a certain order. The things or actions can include numbers, letters, words, pictures, procedures, sentences, and mathematical or logical operations.
40 Flexibility of Closure
The ability to identify or detect a known pattern (a figure, object, word, or sound) that is hidden in other distracting material
30 Perceptual Speed
The ability to quickly and accurately compare letters, numbers, objects, pictures, or patterns. The things to be compared may be presented at the same time or one after the other. This ability also includes comparing a presented object with a remembered object
30 Speed of Closure
The ability to quickly make sense of information that seems to be without meaning or organization. It involves quickly combining and organizing different pieces of information into a meaningful pattern
25 Speech Recognition
The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person
25 Visual Color Discrimination
The ability to match or detect differences between colors, including shades of color and brightness
20 Far Vision
The ability to see details at a distance
20 Depth Perception
The ability to judge which of several objects is closer or farther away from the observer, or to judge the distance between an object and the observer
20 Wrist-Finger Speed
The ability to make fast, simple, repeated movements of the fingers, hands, and wrists
20 Category Flexibility
The ability to produce many rules so that each rule tells how to group (or combine) a set of things in a different way.
20 Sound Localization
The ability to tell the direction from which a sound originated
20 Spatial Orientation
The ability to know one's location in relation to the environment, or to know where other objects are in relation to one's self
15 Trunk Strength
The ability to use one's abdominal and lower back muscles to support part of the body repeatedly or continuously over time without "giving out" or fatiguing
15 Arm-Hand Steadiness
The ability to keep the hand and arm steady while making an arm movement or while holding the arm and hand in one position
10 Extent Flexibility
The ability to bend, stretch, twist, or reach out with the body, arms, and/or legs
10 Response Orientation
The ability to choose quickly and correctly between two or more movements in response to two or more signals (lights, sounds, pictures, etc.). It includes the speed with which the correct response is started with the hand, foot, or other body parts
The ability to exert one's self physically over long periods of time without getting winded or out of breath
10 Peripheral Vision
The ability to see objects or movement of objects to one's side when the eyes are focused forward
5 Explosive Strength
The ability to use short bursts of muscle force to propel oneself (as in jumping or sprinting), or to throw an object
5 Hearing Sensitivity
The ability to detect or tell the difference between sounds that vary over broad ranges of pitch and loudness
5 Glare Sensitivity
The ability to see objects in the presence of glare or bright lighting
5 Night Vision
The ability to see under low light conditions
5 Gross Body Coordination
The ability to coordinate the movement of the arms, legs, and torso together in activities where the whole body is in motion
5 Control Precision
The ability to quickly and repeatedly make precise adjustments in moving the controls of a machine or vehicle to exact positions
5 Dynamic Strength
The ability to exert muscle force repeatedly or continuously over time. This involves muscular endurance and resistance to muscle fatigue
5 Manual Dexterity
The ability to quickly make coordinated movements of one hand, a hand together with its arm, or two hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble objects
5 Static Strength
The ability to exert maximum muscle force to lift, push, pull, or carry objects
5 Multilimb Coordination
The ability to coordinate movements of two or more limbs together (for example, two arms, two legs, or one leg and one arm) while sitting, standing, or lying down. It does not involve performing the activities while the body is in motion
5 Finger Dexterity
The ability to make precisely coordinated movements of the fingers of one or both hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble very small objects
Work activities elements are ranked by importance.
95 Teaching Others
Identifying educational needs, developing formal training programs or classes, and teaching or instructing others.
85 Updating and Using Job-Relevant Knowledge
Keeping up-to-date technically and knowing one's own jobs' and related jobs' functions.
85 Getting Information Needed to Do the Job
Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.
80 Interpreting Meaning of Information to Others
Translating or explaining what information means and how it can be understood or used to support responses or feedback to others.
75 Scheduling Work and Activities
Scheduling events, programs, activities, as well as the work of others.
70 Documenting or Recording Information
Entering, transcribing, recording, storing, or maintaining information in either written form or by electronic/magnetic recording.
70 Thinking Creatively
Originating, inventing, designing, or creating new applications, ideas, relationships, systems, or products, including artistic contributions.
70 Developing Objectives and Strategies
Establishing long range objectives and specifying the strategies and actions to achieve these objectives.
70 Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing
Developing plans to accomplish work, and prioritizing and organizing one's own work.
70 Judging Qualities of Things, Services, or People
Making judgments about or assessing the value, importance, or quality of things or people.
70 Monitor Processes, Material, or Surroundings
Monitoring and reviewing information from materials, events, or the environment, often to detect problems or to find out when things are finished.
70 Implementing Ideas or Programs
Conducting or carrying out work procedures and activities in accord with one's own ideas or information provided through directions/instructions for purposes of installing, modifying, preparing, delivering, constructing, integrating, finishing, or completing programs, systems, structures, or products.
70 Communicating With Persons Outside Organization
Communicating with persons outside the organization, representing the organization to customers, the public, government, and other external sources. This information can be exchanged face-to-face, in writing, or via telephone/electronic transfer.
70 Assisting and Caring for Others
Providing assistance or personal care to others.
70 Establishing and Maintaining Relationships
Developing constructive and cooperative working relationships with others.
65 Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events
Identifying information received by making estimates or categorizations, recognizing differences or similarities, or sensing changes in circumstances or events.
60 Analyzing Data or Information
Identifying underlying principles, reasons, or facts by breaking down information or data into separate parts.
60 Coaching and Developing Others
Identifying developmental needs of others and coaching or otherwise helping others to improve their knowledge or skills.
60 Making Decisions and Solving Problems
Combining, evaluating, and reasoning with information and data to make decisions and solve problems. These processes involve making decisions about the relative importance of information and choosing the best solution.
60 Processing Information
Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, verifying, or processing information or data.
55 Evaluating Information Against Standards
Evaluating information against a set of standards and verifying that it is correct.
50 Communicating With Other Workers
Providing information to supervisors, fellow workers, and subordinates. This information can be exchanged face-to-face, in writing, or via telephone/electronic transfer.
45 Coordinating Work and Activities of Others
Coordinating members of a work group to accomplish tasks.
45 Controlling Machines and Processes
Using either control mechanisms or direct physical activity to operate machines or processes (not including computers or vehicles).
45 Performing For or Working With Public
Performing for people or dealing directly with the public, including serving persons in restaurants and stores, and receiving clients or guests.
45 Interacting With Computers
Controlling computer functions by using programs, setting up functions, writing software, or otherwise communicating with computer systems.
45 Inspecting Equipment, Structures, or Material
Inspecting or diagnosing equipment, structures, or materials to identify the causes of errors or other problems or defects.
45 Estimating Needed Characteristics
Estimating the Characteristics of Materials, Products, Events, or Information: Estimating sizes, distances, and quantities, or determining time, costs, resources, or materials needed to perform a work activity.
40 Performing Administrative Activities
Approving requests, handling paperwork, and performing day-to-day administrative tasks.
40 Handling and Moving Objects
Using one's own hands and arms in handling, installing, forming, positioning, and moving materials, or in manipulating things, including the use of keyboards.
40 Performing General Physical Activities
Performing physical activities that require moving one's whole body, such as in climbing, lifting, balancing, walking, stooping, where the activities often also require considerable use of the arms and legs, such as in the physical handling of materials.
35 Providing Consultation and Advice to Others
Providing consultation and expert advice to management or other groups on technical, systems-related, or process related topics.
30 Monitoring and Controlling Resources
Monitoring and controlling resources and overseeing the spending of money.
30 Selling or Influencing Others
Convincing others to buy merchandise/goods, or otherwise changing their minds or actions.
25 Guiding, Directing and Motivating Subordinates
Providing guidance and direction to subordinates, including setting performance standards and monitoring subordinates.
25 Developing and Building Teams
Encouraging and building mutual trust, respect, and cooperation among team members.
25 Resolving Conflict or Negotiating with Others
Handling complaints, arbitrating disputes, and resolving grievances, or otherwise negotiating with others.
20 Drafting and Specifying Technical Devices
Providing documentation, detailed instructions, drawings, or specifications to inform others about how devices, parts, equipment, or structures are to be fabricated, constructed, assembled, modified, maintained, or used.
10 Repairing and Maintaining Electrical Equipment
Fixing, servicing, adjusting, regulating, calibrating, fine-tuning, or testing machines, devices, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of electrical or electronic (not mechanical) principles.
10 Staffing Organizational Units
Recruiting, interviewing, selecting, hiring, and promoting persons for the organization.
5 Repairing and Maintaining Mechanical Equipment
Fixing, servicing, aligning, setting up, adjusting, and testing machines, devices, moving parts, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of mechanical (not electronic) principles.
5 Operating Vehicles or Equipment
Running, maneuvering, navigating, or driving vehicles or mechanized equipment, such as forklifts, passenger vehicles, aircraft, or water craft.
Work context elements are ranked by frequency (F), importance (I), responsibility (R), amount of contact (C), how serious (S), objective vs. subjective (O), automation (A), extent of frustration (E), responsible for health and safety (H), likelihood of injury (L), degree of injury (D) .
95 (F) Indoors
How frequently does this job require the worker to work: Indoors
80 (I) Coordinate or Lead Others
How important are interactions requiring the worker to: Coordinate or lead others in accomplishing work activities (not supervision)?
80 (I) Deal With External Customers
How important are interactions requiring the worker to: Deal with external customers (e.g., retail sales) or the public in general (e.g., police work)?
80 (C) Job-Required Social Interaction
How much does this job require the worker to be in contact (face-to-face, by telephone, or otherwise) with others in order to perform it?
76 (I) Importance of Being Sure All Is Done
How important is it to be sure that all the details of this job are performed and everything is done completely?
72 (I) Provide a Service to Others
How important are interactions requiring the worker to: Provide a service to others (e.g., customers)?
70 (F) Standing
How much time in a usual work period does the worker spend: Standing?
68 (I) Importance of Being Exact or Accurate
How important is being very exact or highly accurate in performing this job?
63 (O) Objective or Subjective Information
How objective or subjective is the information communicated in this job?
60 (I) Persuade Someone to a Course of Action
How important are interactions requiring the worker to: Persuade someone to a course of action (informally) or influence others to buy something (to sell)?
56 (I) Importance of Being Aware of New Events
How important is being constantly aware of either frequently changing events (e.g. security guard watching for shoplifters) or infrequent events (e.g. radar operator watching for tornadoes) to performing this job?
55 (F) Sitting
How much time in a usual work period does the worker spend: Sitting?
55 (F) Walking or Running
How much time in a usual work period does the worker spend: Walking or running?
49 (R) Responsibility for Outcomes and Results
How responsible is the worker for work outcomes and results of other workers?
45 (F) Frequency in Conflict Situations
How frequently do the job requirements place the worker in conflict situations?
44 (I) Supervise, Coach, Train Others
How important are interactions requiring the worker to: Supervise, coach, train, or develop other employees?
40 (F) Making Repetitive Motions
How much time in a usual work period does the worker spend: Making repetitive motions?
40 (S) Consequence of Error
How serious would the result usually be if the worker made a mistake that was not readily correctable?
37 (E) Frustrating Circumstances
To what extent do frustrating circumstances ("road blocks" to work that are beyond the worker's control) hinder the accomplishment of this job?
35 (F) Deal With Unpleasant or Angry People
How frequently does the worker have to deal with unpleasant, angry, or discourteous individuals as part of the job requirements?
32 (I) Take a Position Opposed to Others
How important are interactions requiring the worker to: Take a position opposed to coworkers or others?
29 (H) Responsible for Health and Safety of Others
How responsible is the worker for others' health and safety on this job?
25 (F) Deal With Physically Aggressive People
How frequently does this job require the worker to deal with physical aggression of violent individuals?
25 (F) Using Hands on Objects, Tools, Controls
How much time in a usual work period does the worker spend: Using hands to handle, control, or feel objects, tools or controls?
20 (F) Outdoors
How frequently does this job require the worker to work: Outdoors
20 (F) Kneeling, Crouching or Crawling
How much time in a usual work period does the worker spend: Kneeling, stooping, crouching or crawling?
15 (F) Keeping or Regaining Balance
How much time in a usual work period does the worker spend: Keeping or regaining balance?
15 (F) Bending or Twisting the Body
How much time in a usual work period does the worker spend: Bending or twisting the body?
13 (A) Degree of Automation
Indicate the level of automation of this job.
12 (I) Pace Determined by Speed of Equipment
How important is it to this job that the pace is determined by the speed of equipment or machinery? (This does not refer to keeping busy at all times on this job.)
8 (I) Importance of Repeating Same Tasks
How important is repeating the same physical activities (e.g., key entry) or mental activities (e.g., checking entries in a ledger) over and over, without stopping, to performing this job?
5 (F) Special Uniform
How often does the worker wear: A special uniform, such as that of a commercial pilot, nurse, police officer, or military personnel?
5 (F) Common Protective or Safety Attire
How often does the worker wear: Common protective or safety attire, such as safety shoes, glasses, gloves, hearing protection, hard-hat, or personal flotation device?
5 (F) Diseases or Infections
How often does this job require the worker to be exposed to diseases/infection? Diseases/Infections (e.g., patient care, some laboratory work, sanitation control, etc.)
5 (F) Sounds or Noise Levels Are Distracting
How often during a usual work period is the worker exposed to the following conditions: Sounds and noise levels that are distracting and uncomfortable?
5 (F) Very Hot
How often during a usual work period is the worker exposed to the following conditions: Very hot (above 90 F) or very cold (under 32 F) temperatures?
5 (F) Extremely Bright or Inadequate Lighting
How often during a usual work period is the worker exposed to the following conditions: Extremely bright or inadequate lighting conditions?
5 (F) Contaminants
How often during a usual work period is the worker exposed to the following conditions: Contaminants (pollutants, gases, dust, odors, etc.)?
3 (L) Diseases or Infections
What is the likelihood that the worker would be injured as a result of being exposed to diseases/infections while performing this job? Diseases/Infections (e.g., patient care, some laboratory work, sanitation control, etc.)
Interest elements are ranked by occupational interest.
Social occupations frequently involve working with, communicating with, and teaching people. These occupations often involve helping or providing service to others.
Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.
Enterprising occupations frequently involve starting up and carrying out projects. These occupations can involve leading people and making many decisions. Sometimes they require risk taking and often deal with business.
Investigative occupations frequently involve working with ideas, and require an extensive amount of thinking. These occupations can involve searching for facts and figuring out problems mentally.
Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow.
Artistic occupations frequently involve working with forms, designs and patterns. They often require self-expression and the work can be done without following a clear set of rules.
Work values elements are ranked by extent.
78 Achievement-Mean Extent
Occupations that satisfy this work value are results oriented and allow employees to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment. Corresponding needs are Ability Utilization and Achievement.
76 Independence-Mean Extent
Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employs to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy.
70 Relationships-Mean Extent
Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to provide service to others and work with co-workers in a friendly non-competitive environment. Corresponding needs are Co-workers, Moral Values and Social Service.
63 Recognition-Mean Extent
Occupations that satisfy this work value offer advancement, potential for leadership, and are often considered prestigious. Corresponding needs are Advancement, Authority, Recognition and Social Status.
59 Working Conditions-Mean Extent
Occupations that satisfy this work value offer job security and good working conditions. Corresponding needs are Activity, Compensation, Independence, Security, Variety and Working Conditions.
52 Support-Mean Extent
Occupations that satisfy this work value offer supportive management that stands behind employees. Corresponding needs are Company Policies, Supervision: Human Relations and Supervision: Technical.
Workers on this job get a feeling of accomplishment
Workers on this job give directions and instructions to others
81 Social Service
Workers on this job have work where they do things for other people
Workers on this job try out their own ideas
Workers on this job make decisions on their own
78 Working Conditions
Workers on this job have good working conditions
Workers on this job plan their work with little supervision
72 Ability Utilization
Workers on this job make use of their individual abilities
72 Company Policies and Practices
Workers on this job are treated fairly by the company
Workers on this job are busy all the time
Workers on this job have something different to do every day
66 Moral Values
Workers on this job are never pressured to do things that go against their sense of right and wrong
Workers on this job have steady employment
Workers on this job have co-workers who are easy to get along with
63 Social Status
Workers on this job are looked up to by others in their company and their community
59 Supervision, Human Relations
Workers on this job have supervisors who back up their workers with management
Workers on this job receive recognition for the work they do
Workers on this job are paid well in comparison with other workers
Workers on this job have opportunities for advancement
Workers on this job do their work alone
25 Supervision, Technical
Workers on this job have supervisors who train their workers well
|DOT91 (Dictionary of Occupational Titles):||
789222010 Instructor, Apparel Manufacture
955222010 Instructor, Wastewater-Treatment Plant
740221010 Instructor, Decorating
919223010 Instructor, Bus, Trolley, and Taxi
522264010 Training Technician
075127010 Instructor, Psychiatric Aide
099227018 Instructor, Ground Services
166221010 Instructor, Technical Training
166227010 Training Representative
235222010 Private-Branch-Exchange Service Adviser
378227010 Marksmanship Instructor
099227014 Instructor, Correspondence School
097221010 Instructor, Vocational Training
090222010 Instructor, Business Education
239227010 Customer-Service-Representative Instructor
375227010 Police-Academy Instructor
621221010 Field-Service Representative
683222010 Instructor, Weaving
715221010 Instructor, Watch Assembly
|AIM97 (Apprenticeship Information Management):||
|CEN90 (1990 Census Occupations):||
159 Teachers, N.E.C.
153 Teachers, Postsecondary, N.E.C.
|CIP90 (Classification of Instructional Programs):||
470608 Aircraft Mechanic/Technician, Powerplant
490205 Truck, Bus and Other Commercial Vehicle Operator
430107 Law Enforcement/Police Science
131320 Trade and Industrial Teacher Education (Vocational)
131319 Technical Teacher Education (Vocational)
131201 Adult and Continuing Teacher Education
131205 Secondary Teacher Education
131310 Marketing Operations Teacher Ed./Mkt. & Distribution Teacher
131206 Teacher Education, Multiple Levels
131308 Home Economics Teacher Education (Vocational)
131303 Business Teacher Education (Vocational)
010401 Agricultural and Food Products Processing Operations and Mgm
470408 Watch, Clock and Jewelry Repairer
131301 Agricultural Teacher Education (Vocational)
131327 Health Occupations Teacher Education (Vocational)
130101 Education, General
130404 Educational Supervision
130401 Education Administration and Supervision, General
521001 Human Resources Management
|GOE93 (Guide for Occupational Exploration):||
050604 Systems Operation: Processing
100201 Nursing, Therapy, and Specialized Teaching Services: Nursing
060201 Production Work: Supervision
070402 Oral Communications: Order, Complaint, and Claims Handling
040101 Safety and Law Enforcement: Managing
060415 Elemental Work: Industrial: Equipment Operation, Food Processing
010603 Craft Arts: Hand Lettering, Painting and Decorating
050509 Craft Technology: Mechanical Work
070405 Oral Communications: Information Transmitting and Receiving
110201 Educational and Library Services: Teaching and Instructing, General
090303 Passenger Services: Instruction and Supervision
110202 Educational and Library Services: Teaching, Vocational and Industrial
|MOC97 (Military Occupational Codes):||
8112 Aviation Maintenance Field Representative
8112 Aviation Maintenance Field Representative
3330 Equal Opportunity Program Officer
3320 Human Resource Management Officer
3S231 Education And Training
3S200 Education & Training Manager
3S251 Education And Training
35C Surveillance Radar Repairer
JH Personnel-Subject Matter Specialist
JQ Personnel-Operational Training Specialist
35E Radio and Communications Security (COMSEC) Repairer
HH Operations-Small Arms Instructor/Range Officer
HJ Operations-Inactive Small Arms Instructor
3S211 Education And Training
54A Operations, Plans and Training
35M Radar Repairer
3S271 Education And Training
3P100 Combat Arms Training and Maintenance Manager
3P131A Combat Arms Training And Maintenance
3P151A Combat Arms Training And Maintenance
35F Special Electronic Devices Repairer
3P111A Combat Arms Training And Maintenance
8T000 Professional Military Education Instructor
3P190 Combat Arms Training And Maintenance
3P171 Combat Arms Training And Maintenance
9509 2M Instructor/Master Inspector
8531 Range Coach
9518 Naval Leadership Development Program (NAVLEAD) Instructor
8532 Small Arms Weapons Instructor
0812 Small Arms Marksmanship Instructor
|OES98 (Occupational Employment Statistics):||
31314 Teachers and Instructors, Vocational Education and Training
|OPM97 (Office of Personnel Management Occupations):||
1755 Vocational-Technical Instruction
1710 Education and Vocational Training
1702 Education and Training Technician
1712 Training Instruction
|SOC98 (Standard Occupational Classification):||
25-1194 Vocational Education Teachers, Postsecondary