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CODE: 34035E
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TITLE: Sculptors

DEFINITION: Design and construct three-dimensional art works, using materials such as stone, wood, plaster, and metal and employing various manual and tool techniques.

  • TASKS
  • KNOWLEDGE
  • SKILLS
  • ABILITIES
  • WORK ACTIVITIES
  • WORK CONTEXT
  • INTERESTS
  • WORK VALUES
  • CROSSWALKS


    TASKS:

    1. Carves objects from stone, concrete, plaster, wood, or other material, using abrasives and tools, such as chisels, gouges, and mall.

    2. Constructs artistic forms from metal or stone, using metalworking, welding, or masonry tools and equipment.

    3. Cuts, bends, laminates, arranges, and fastens individual or mixed raw and manufactured materials and products to form works of art.

    4. Models substances, such as clay or wax, using fingers and small hand tools to form objects.

    KNOWLEDGE:
    Knowledge elements are ranked by importance.

    83 Fine Arts
    Knowledge of theory and techniques required to produce, compose, and perform works of music, dance, visual arts, drama, and sculpture

    58 Design
    Knowledge of design techniques, principles, tools and instruments involved in the production and use of precision technical plans, blueprints, drawings, and models

    38 Engineering and Technology
    Knowledge of equipment, tools, mechanical devices, and their uses to produce motion, light, power, technology, and other applications

    38 Building and Construction
    Knowledge of materials, methods, and the appropriate tools to construct objects, structures, and buildings

    25 English Language
    Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar

    21 Mechanical
    Knowledge of machines and tools, including their designs, uses, benefits, repair, and maintenance

    17 Communications and Media
    Knowledge of media production, communication, and dissemination techniques and methods including alternative ways to inform and entertain via written, oral, and visual media

    17 Production and Processing
    Knowledge of inputs, outputs, raw materials, waste, quality control, costs, and techniques for maximizing the manufacture and distribution of goods

    17 Mathematics
    Knowledge of numbers, their operations, and interrelationships including arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications

    13 Chemistry
    Knowledge of the composition, structure, and properties of substances and of the chemical processes and transformations that they undergo. This includes uses of chemicals and their interactions, danger signs, production techniques, and disposal methods

    8 Sales and Marketing
    Knowledge of principles and methods involved in showing, promoting, and selling products or services. This includes marketing strategies and tactics, product demonstration and sales techniques, and sales control systems

    8 Psychology
    Knowledge of human behavior and performance, mental processes, psychological research methods, and the assessment and treatment of behavioral and affective disorders

    8 Sociology and Anthropology
    Knowledge of group behavior and dynamics, societal trends and influences, cultures, their history, migrations, ethnicity, and origins

    4 Philosophy and Theology
    Knowledge of different philosophical systems and religions, including their basic principles, values, ethics, ways of thinking, customs, and practices, and their impact on human culture

    4 Physics
    Knowledge and prediction of physical principles, laws, and applications including air, water, material dynamics, light, atomic principles, heat, electric theory, earth formations, and meteorological and related natural phenomena

    4 History and Archeology
    Knowledge of past historical events and their causes, indicators, and impact on particular civilizations and cultures

    SKILLS:
    Skills elements are ranked by importance.

    67 Equipment Selection
    Determining the kind of tools and equipment needed to do a job

    67 Idea Generation
    Generating a number of different approaches to problems

    50 Implementation Planning
    Developing approaches for implementing an idea

    46 Idea Evaluation
    Evaluating the likely success of an idea in relation to the demands of the situation

    42 Monitoring
    Assessing how well one is doing when learning or doing something

    33 Judgment and Decision Making
    Weighing the relative costs and benefits of a potential action

    33 Visioning
    Developing an image of how a system should work under ideal conditions

    33 Operation and Control
    Controlling operations of equipment or systems

    29 Product Inspection
    Inspecting and evaluating the quality of products

    29 Information Organization
    Finding ways to structure or classify multiple pieces of information

    25 Solution Appraisal
    Observing and evaluating the outcomes of a problem solution to identify lessons learned or redirect efforts

    25 Operations Analysis
    Analyzing needs and product requirements to create a design

    21 Time Management
    Managing one's own time and the time of others

    21 Learning Strategies
    Using multiple approaches when learning or teaching new things

    21 Identification of Key Causes
    Identifying the things that must be changed to achieve a goal

    21 Management of Material Resources
    Obtaining and seeing to the appropriate use of equipment, facilities, and materials needed to do certain work

    17 Technology Design
    Generating or adapting equipment and technology to serve user needs

    17 Active Learning
    Working with new material or information to grasp its implications

    17 Synthesis/Reorganization
    Reorganizing information to get a better approach to problems or tasks

    8 Equipment Maintenance
    Performing routine maintenance and determining when and what kind of maintenance is needed

    8 Troubleshooting
    Determining what is causing an operating error and deciding what to do about it

    8 Management of Financial Resources
    Determining how money will be spent to get the work done, and accounting for these expenditures

    8 Reading Comprehension
    Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents

    8 Science
    Using scientific methods to solve problems

    8 Critical Thinking
    Using logic and analysis to identify the strengths and weaknesses of different approaches

    8 Instructing
    Teaching others how to do something

    8 Speaking
    Talking to others to effectively convey information

    4 Management of Personnel Resources
    Motivating, developing, and directing people as they work, identifying the best people for the job

    4 Active Listening
    Listening to what other people are saying and asking questions as appropriate

    4 Mathematics
    Using mathematics to solve problems

    4 Installation
    Installing equipment, machines, wiring, or programs to meet specifications

    4 Repairing
    Repairing machines or systems using the needed tools

    4 Service Orientation
    Actively looking for ways to help people

    4 Information Gathering
    Knowing how to find information and identifying essential information

    4 Social Perceptiveness
    Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react the way they do

    4 Testing
    Conducting tests to determine whether equipment, software, or procedures are operating as expected

    4 Problem Identification
    Identifying the nature of problems .

    ABILITIES:
    Abilities elements are ranked by importance.

    80 Originality
    The ability to come up with unusual or clever ideas about a given topic or situation, or to develop creative ways to solve a problem

    80 Visualization
    The ability to imagine how something will look after it is moved around or when its parts are moved or rearranged

    65 Manual Dexterity
    The ability to quickly make coordinated movements of one hand, a hand together with its arm, or two hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble objects

    60 Finger Dexterity
    The ability to make precisely coordinated movements of the fingers of one or both hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble very small objects

    55 Fluency of Ideas
    The ability to come up with a number of ideas about a given topic. It concerns the number of ideas produced and not the quality, correctness, or creativity of the ideas.

    50 Arm-Hand Steadiness
    The ability to keep the hand and arm steady while making an arm movement or while holding the arm and hand in one position

    40 Near Vision
    The ability to see details of objects at a close range (within a few feet of the observer)

    40 Multilimb Coordination
    The ability to coordinate movements of two or more limbs together (for example, two arms, two legs, or one leg and one arm) while sitting, standing, or lying down. It does not involve performing the activities while the body is in motion

    35 Wrist-Finger Speed
    The ability to make fast, simple, repeated movements of the fingers, hands, and wrists

    35 Depth Perception
    The ability to judge which of several objects is closer or farther away from the observer, or to judge the distance between an object and the observer

    35 Information Ordering
    The ability to correctly follow a given rule or set of rules in order to arrange things or actions in a certain order. The things or actions can include numbers, letters, words, pictures, procedures, sentences, and mathematical or logical operations.

    35 Trunk Strength
    The ability to use one's abdominal and lower back muscles to support part of the body repeatedly or continuously over time without "giving out" or fatiguing

    30 Static Strength
    The ability to exert maximum muscle force to lift, push, pull, or carry objects

    30 Extent Flexibility
    The ability to bend, stretch, twist, or reach out with the body, arms, and/or legs

    30 Flexibility of Closure
    The ability to identify or detect a known pattern (a figure, object, word, or sound) that is hidden in other distracting material

    30 Gross Body Coordination
    The ability to coordinate the movement of the arms, legs, and torso together in activities where the whole body is in motion

    25 Visual Color Discrimination
    The ability to match or detect differences between colors, including shades of color and brightness

    25 Category Flexibility
    The ability to produce many rules so that each rule tells how to group (or combine) a set of things in a different way.

    25 Deductive Reasoning
    The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to come up with logical answers. It involves deciding if an answer makes sense.

    25 Speed of Limb Movement
    The ability to quickly move the arms or legs

    20 Control Precision
    The ability to quickly and repeatedly make precise adjustments in moving the controls of a machine or vehicle to exact positions

    20 Memorization
    The ability to remember information such as words, numbers, pictures, and procedures

    20 Inductive Reasoning
    The ability to combine separate pieces of information, or specific answers to problems, to form general rules or conclusions. It includes coming up with a logical explanation for why a series of seemingly unrelated events occur together.

    20 Problem Sensitivity
    The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.

    20 Explosive Strength
    The ability to use short bursts of muscle force to propel oneself (as in jumping or sprinting), or to throw an object

    15 Far Vision
    The ability to see details at a distance

    15 Number Facility
    The ability to add, subtract, multiply, or divide quickly and correctly

    15 Selective Attention
    The ability to concentrate and not be distracted while performing a task over a period of time

    15 Stamina
    The ability to exert one's self physically over long periods of time without getting winded or out of breath

    10 Time Sharing
    The ability to efficiently shift back and forth between two or more activities or sources of information (such as speech, sounds, touch, or other sources)

    10 Speed of Closure
    The ability to quickly make sense of information that seems to be without meaning or organization. It involves quickly combining and organizing different pieces of information into a meaningful pattern

    10 Spatial Orientation
    The ability to know one's location in relation to the environment, or to know where other objects are in relation to one's self

    10 Dynamic Strength
    The ability to exert muscle force repeatedly or continuously over time. This involves muscular endurance and resistance to muscle fatigue

    5 Written Expression
    The ability to communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand

    5 Glare Sensitivity
    The ability to see objects in the presence of glare or bright lighting

    5 Peripheral Vision
    The ability to see objects or movement of objects to one's side when the eyes are focused forward

    5 Speech Recognition
    The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person

    5 Oral Expression
    The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand

    5 Dynamic Flexibility
    The ability to quickly and repeatedly bend, stretch, twist, or reach out with the body, arms, and/or legs

    5 Written Comprehension
    The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing

    5 Oral Comprehension
    The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences

    5 Speech Clarity
    The ability to speak clearly so that it is understandable to a listener

    WORK ACTIVITIES:
    Work activities elements are ranked by importance.

    92 Thinking Creatively
    Originating, inventing, designing, or creating new applications, ideas, relationships, systems, or products, including artistic contributions.

    71 Handling and Moving Objects
    Using one's own hands and arms in handling, installing, forming, positioning, and moving materials, or in manipulating things, including the use of keyboards.

    67 Implementing Ideas or Programs
    Conducting or carrying out work procedures and activities in accord with one's own ideas or information provided through directions/instructions for purposes of installing, modifying, preparing, delivering, constructing, integrating, finishing, or completing programs, systems, structures, or products.

    58 Getting Information Needed to Do the Job
    Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.

    50 Performing General Physical Activities
    Performing physical activities that require moving one's whole body, such as in climbing, lifting, balancing, walking, stooping, where the activities often also require considerable use of the arms and legs, such as in the physical handling of materials.

    46 Estimating Needed Characteristics
    Estimating the Characteristics of Materials, Products, Events, or Information: Estimating sizes, distances, and quantities, or determining time, costs, resources, or materials needed to perform a work activity.

    46 Judging Qualities of Things, Services, or People
    Making judgments about or assessing the value, importance, or quality of things or people.

    46 Controlling Machines and Processes
    Using either control mechanisms or direct physical activity to operate machines or processes (not including computers or vehicles).

    42 Monitor Processes, Material, or Surroundings
    Monitoring and reviewing information from materials, events, or the environment, often to detect problems or to find out when things are finished.

    38 Making Decisions and Solving Problems
    Combining, evaluating, and reasoning with information and data to make decisions and solve problems. These processes involve making decisions about the relative importance of information and choosing the best solution.

    29 Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events
    Identifying information received by making estimates or categorizations, recognizing differences or similarities, or sensing changes in circumstances or events.

    29 Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing
    Developing plans to accomplish work, and prioritizing and organizing one's own work.

    25 Monitoring and Controlling Resources
    Monitoring and controlling resources and overseeing the spending of money.

    25 Selling or Influencing Others
    Convincing others to buy merchandise/goods, or otherwise changing their minds or actions.

    21 Developing Objectives and Strategies
    Establishing long range objectives and specifying the strategies and actions to achieve these objectives.

    21 Analyzing Data or Information
    Identifying underlying principles, reasons, or facts by breaking down information or data into separate parts.

    21 Evaluating Information Against Standards
    Evaluating information against a set of standards and verifying that it is correct.

    21 Updating and Using Job-Relevant Knowledge
    Keeping up-to-date technically and knowing one's own jobs' and related jobs' functions.

    17 Inspecting Equipment, Structures, or Material
    Inspecting or diagnosing equipment, structures, or materials to identify the causes of errors or other problems or defects.

    17 Drafting and Specifying Technical Devices
    Providing documentation, detailed instructions, drawings, or specifications to inform others about how devices, parts, equipment, or structures are to be fabricated, constructed, assembled, modified, maintained, or used.

    13 Performing For or Working With Public
    Performing for people or dealing directly with the public, including serving persons in restaurants and stores, and receiving clients or guests.

    13 Processing Information
    Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, verifying, or processing information or data.

    8 Documenting or Recording Information
    Entering, transcribing, recording, storing, or maintaining information in either written form or by electronic/magnetic recording.

    8 Establishing and Maintaining Relationships
    Developing constructive and cooperative working relationships with others.

    8 Performing Administrative Activities
    Approving requests, handling paperwork, and performing day-to-day administrative tasks.

    4 Interacting With Computers
    Controlling computer functions by using programs, setting up functions, writing software, or otherwise communicating with computer systems.

    4 Interpreting Meaning of Information to Others
    Translating or explaining what information means and how it can be understood or used to support responses or feedback to others.

    4 Communicating With Other Workers
    Providing information to supervisors, fellow workers, and subordinates. This information can be exchanged face-to-face, in writing, or via telephone/electronic transfer.

    4 Communicating With Persons Outside Organization
    Communicating with persons outside the organization, representing the organization to customers, the public, government, and other external sources. This information can be exchanged face-to-face, in writing, or via telephone/electronic transfer.

    WORK CONTEXT:
    Work context elements are ranked by frequency (F), importance (I), responsibility (R), amount of contact (C), how serious (S), objective vs. subjective (O), automation (A), extent of frustration (E), responsible for health and safety (H), likelihood of injury (L), degree of injury (D) .

    85 (F) Using Hands on Objects, Tools, Controls
    How much time in a usual work period does the worker spend: Using hands to handle, control, or feel objects, tools or controls?

    83 (O) Objective or Subjective Information
    How objective or subjective is the information communicated in this job?

    75 (F) Indoors
    How frequently does this job require the worker to work: Indoors

    60 (F) Standing
    How much time in a usual work period does the worker spend: Standing?

    50 (F) Sitting
    How much time in a usual work period does the worker spend: Sitting?

    45 (F) Making Repetitive Motions
    How much time in a usual work period does the worker spend: Making repetitive motions?

    40 (F) Bending or Twisting the Body
    How much time in a usual work period does the worker spend: Bending or twisting the body?

    35 (F) Kneeling, Crouching or Crawling
    How much time in a usual work period does the worker spend: Kneeling, stooping, crouching or crawling?

    30 (F) Hazardous Situations
    How often does this job require the worker to be exposed to harardous situations? Hazardous Situations involving likely cuts, bites, stings, or minor burns

    30 (F) Outdoors
    How frequently does this job require the worker to work: Outdoors

    24 (I) Importance of Being Sure All Is Done
    How important is it to be sure that all the details of this job are performed and everything is done completely?

    23 (L) Hazardous Situations
    What is the likelihood that the worker would be injured as a result of being exposed to hazardous situations while performing this job? Hazardous Situations involving likely cuts, bites, stings, or minor burns

    20 (D) Hazardous Situations
    If injury, due to exposure to hazardous situations, were to occur while performing this job, how serious would be the likely outcome? Hazardous Situations involving likely cuts, bites, stings, or minor burns

    20 (F) Contaminants
    How often during a usual work period is the worker exposed to the following conditions: Contaminants (pollutants, gases, dust, odors, etc.)?

    20 (I) Importance of Repeating Same Tasks
    How important is repeating the same physical activities (e.g., key entry) or mental activities (e.g., checking entries in a ledger) over and over, without stopping, to performing this job?

    20 (F) Special Uniform
    How often does the worker wear: A special uniform, such as that of a commercial pilot, nurse, police officer, or military personnel?

    16 (I) Importance of Being Exact or Accurate
    How important is being very exact or highly accurate in performing this job?

    15 (F) Cramped Work Space, Awkward Positions
    How often during a usual work period is the worker exposed to the following conditions: Cramped work space that requires getting into awkward positions?

    15 (F) Walking or Running
    How much time in a usual work period does the worker spend: Walking or running?

    15 (F) Specialized Protective or Safety Attire
    How often does the worker wear: Specialized protective or safety attire, such as breathing apparatus, safety harness, full protection suit, or radiation protection?

    15 (F) Common Protective or Safety Attire
    How often does the worker wear: Common protective or safety attire, such as safety shoes, glasses, gloves, hearing protection, hard-hat, or personal flotation device?

    12 (I) Pace Determined by Speed of Equipment
    How important is it to this job that the pace is determined by the speed of equipment or machinery? (This does not refer to keeping busy at all times on this job.)

    10 (S) Consequence of Error
    How serious would the result usually be if the worker made a mistake that was not readily correctable?

    10 (E) Frustrating Circumstances
    To what extent do frustrating circumstances ("road blocks" to work that are beyond the worker's control) hinder the accomplishment of this job?

    10 (F) Very Hot
    How often during a usual work period is the worker exposed to the following conditions: Very hot (above 90 F) or very cold (under 32 F) temperatures?

    10 (F) Climbing Ladders, Scaffolds, Poles, etc.
    How much time in a usual work period does the worker spend: Climbing ladders, scaffolds, poles, etc?

    9 (R) Responsibility for Outcomes and Results
    How responsible is the worker for work outcomes and results of other workers?

    8 (I) Importance of Being Aware of New Events
    How important is being constantly aware of either frequently changing events (e.g. security guard watching for shoplifters) or infrequent events (e.g. radar operator watching for tornadoes) to performing this job?

    6 (F) Extremely Bright or Inadequate Lighting
    How often during a usual work period is the worker exposed to the following conditions: Extremely bright or inadequate lighting conditions?

    5 (F) Keeping or Regaining Balance
    How much time in a usual work period does the worker spend: Keeping or regaining balance?

    5 (F) Sounds or Noise Levels Are Distracting
    How often during a usual work period is the worker exposed to the following conditions: Sounds and noise levels that are distracting and uncomfortable?

    INTERESTS:
    Interest elements are ranked by occupational interest.

    94 Artistic
    Artistic occupations frequently involve working with forms, designs and patterns. They often require self-expression and the work can be done without following a clear set of rules.

    78 Realistic
    Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.

    39 Social
    Social occupations frequently involve working with, communicating with, and teaching people. These occupations often involve helping or providing service to others.

    39 Investigative
    Investigative occupations frequently involve working with ideas, and require an extensive amount of thinking. These occupations can involve searching for facts and figuring out problems mentally.

    33 Enterprising
    Enterprising occupations frequently involve starting up and carrying out projects. These occupations can involve leading people and making many decisions. Sometimes they require risk taking and often deal with business.

    22 Conventional
    Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow.

    WORK VALUES:
    Work values elements are ranked by extent.

    95 Achievement-Mean Extent
    Occupations that satisfy this work value are results oriented and allow employees to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment. Corresponding needs are Ability Utilization and Achievement.

    94 Independence-Mean Extent
    Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employs to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy.

    57 Working Conditions-Mean Extent
    Occupations that satisfy this work value offer job security and good working conditions. Corresponding needs are Activity, Compensation, Independence, Security, Variety and Working Conditions.

    41 Recognition-Mean Extent
    Occupations that satisfy this work value offer advancement, potential for leadership, and are often considered prestigious. Corresponding needs are Advancement, Authority, Recognition and Social Status.

    38 Relationships-Mean Extent
    Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to provide service to others and work with co-workers in a friendly non-competitive environment. Corresponding needs are Co-workers, Moral Values and Social Service.

    8 Support-Mean Extent
    Occupations that satisfy this work value offer supportive management that stands behind employees. Corresponding needs are Company Policies, Supervision: Human Relations and Supervision: Technical.

    100 Independence
    Workers on this job do their work alone

    100 Ability Utilization
    Workers on this job make use of their individual abilities

    100 Creativity
    Workers on this job try out their own ideas

    94 Autonomy
    Workers on this job plan their work with little supervision

    91 Achievement
    Workers on this job get a feeling of accomplishment

    88 Responsibility
    Workers on this job make decisions on their own

    84 Moral Values
    Workers on this job are never pressured to do things that go against their sense of right and wrong

    75 Recognition
    Workers on this job receive recognition for the work they do

    69 Working Conditions
    Workers on this job have good working conditions

    59 Social Status
    Workers on this job are looked up to by others in their company and their community

    56 Variety
    Workers on this job have something different to do every day

    50 Compensation
    Workers on this job are paid well in comparison with other workers

    38 Activity
    Workers on this job are busy all the time

    31 Security
    Workers on this job have steady employment

    22 Advancement
    Workers on this job have opportunities for advancement

    16 Company Policies and Practices
    Workers on this job are treated fairly by the company

    16 Social Service
    Workers on this job have work where they do things for other people

    13 Co-workers
    Workers on this job have co-workers who are easy to get along with

    9 Authority
    Workers on this job give directions and instructions to others

    6 Supervision, Human Relations
    Workers on this job have supervisors who back up their workers with management

    3 Supervision, Technical
    Workers on this job have supervisors who train their workers well

    CROSSWALKS:
    DOT91 (Dictionary of Occupational Titles): 144061018 Sculptor

    AIM97 (Apprenticeship Information Management): No crosswalks

    CEN90 (1990 Census Occupations): 188 Painters, Sculptors, Craft-Artists, and Artist Printmakers

    CIP90 (Classification of Instructional Programs): 500702 Fine/Studio Arts
    500701 Art, General
    500709 Sculpture

    GOE93 (Guide for Occupational Exploration): 010202 Visual Arts: Studio Art

    MOC97 (Military Occupational Codes): No crosswalks

    OES98 (Occupational Employment Statistics): 34035 Artists and Related Workers

    OPM97 (Office of Personnel Management Occupations): 1056 Art Specialist

    SOC98 (Standard Occupational Classification): 27-1013 Fine Artists, Including Painters, Sculptors, and Illustrators


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