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CODE: 89926ABuy ONET/DOT: Download or CD-ROM

TITLE: Gem and Diamond Workers

DEFINITION: Split, saw, cut, shape, polish, or drill gems and diamonds used in jewelry or industrial tools.

  • TASKS
  • KNOWLEDGE
  • SKILLS
  • ABILITIES
  • WORK ACTIVITIES
  • WORK CONTEXT
  • INTERESTS
  • WORK VALUES
  • CROSSWALKS


    TASKS:

    1. Holds stone, gem, die, or stylus, attached to holder or lapidary stick, against rotating plates or wheels to shape, grind, and polish.

    2. Bores, laps, and polishes holes in industrial diamonds used for dies, using drill, lathe, lapping machine, and hand tools.

    3. Splits gem along premarked lines to remove imperfections, using blade and jeweler's hammer.

    4. Grinds, drills, and finishes jewel bearings for use in precision instruments, such as compasses and chronometers.

    5. Laps girdle on rough diamonds, using diamond girdling lathe.

    6. Locates and marks drilling position on surface of diamond dies, using diamond chip and power hand drill.

    7. Measures size of stone's bore holes and cuts to ensure adherence to specifications, using precision measuring instruments.

    8. Positions gem or diamond against edge of revolving saw, lathe saw, or lapidary slitter to cut, block, or slit stone.

    9. Selects shaping wheel, mixes, and applies abrasive, bort, or polishing compound.

    10. Examines diamond or gem to determine shape, cut, and width of stone.

    11. Secures gem or diamond in holder, chuck, dop, lapidary stick, or block for cutting, polishing, grinding, drilling, or shaping.

    12. Examines gem during processing to ensure accuracy of angle and position of cut or bore, using magnifying glass, loupe, or shadowgraph.

    13. Replaces, trues, and sharpens blades, drills, and plates.

    14. Lubricates, dismantles, and cleans lapping, boring, cutting, polishing, and shaping equipment and machinery.

    KNOWLEDGE:
    Knowledge elements are ranked by importance.

    75 Mechanical
    Knowledge of machines and tools, including their designs, uses, benefits, repair, and maintenance

    45 Engineering and Technology
    Knowledge of equipment, tools, mechanical devices, and their uses to produce motion, light, power, technology, and other applications

    40 Mathematics
    Knowledge of numbers, their operations, and interrelationships including arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications

    40 Production and Processing
    Knowledge of inputs, outputs, raw materials, waste, quality control, costs, and techniques for maximizing the manufacture and distribution of goods

    30 Physics
    Knowledge and prediction of physical principles, laws, and applications including air, water, material dynamics, light, atomic principles, heat, electric theory, earth formations, and meteorological and related natural phenomena

    25 Fine Arts
    Knowledge of theory and techniques required to produce, compose, and perform works of music, dance, visual arts, drama, and sculpture

    20 Building and Construction
    Knowledge of materials, methods, and the appropriate tools to construct objects, structures, and buildings

    10 Design
    Knowledge of design techniques, principles, tools and instruments involved in the production and use of precision technical plans, blueprints, drawings, and models

    5 English Language
    Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar

    SKILLS:
    Skills elements are ranked by importance.

    65 Product Inspection
    Inspecting and evaluating the quality of products

    55 Equipment Selection
    Determining the kind of tools and equipment needed to do a job

    50 Operation and Control
    Controlling operations of equipment or systems

    40 Information Gathering
    Knowing how to find information and identifying essential information

    40 Monitoring
    Assessing how well one is doing when learning or doing something

    35 Problem Identification
    Identifying the nature of problems

    35 Solution Appraisal
    Observing and evaluating the outcomes of a problem solution to identify lessons learned or redirect efforts

    35 Equipment Maintenance
    Performing routine maintenance and determining when and what kind of maintenance is needed

    30 Implementation Planning
    Developing approaches for implementing an idea

    30 Repairing
    Repairing machines or systems using the needed tools

    30 Installation
    Installing equipment, machines, wiring, or programs to meet specifications

    30 Management of Material Resources
    Obtaining and seeing to the appropriate use of equipment, facilities, and materials needed to do certain work

    30 Mathematics
    Using mathematics to solve problems

    25 Information Organization
    Finding ways to structure or classify multiple pieces of information

    25 Judgment and Decision Making
    Weighing the relative costs and benefits of a potential action

    20 Identification of Key Causes
    Identifying the things that must be changed to achieve a goal

    20 Operation Monitoring
    Watching gauges, dials, or other indicators to make sure a machine is working properly

    20 Time Management
    Managing one's own time and the time of others

    20 Operations Analysis
    Analyzing needs and product requirements to create a design

    20 Reading Comprehension
    Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents

    20 Critical Thinking
    Using logic and analysis to identify the strengths and weaknesses of different approaches

    15 Active Learning
    Working with new material or information to grasp its implications

    15 Idea Evaluation
    Evaluating the likely success of an idea in relation to the demands of the situation

    15 Visioning
    Developing an image of how a system should work under ideal conditions

    15 Troubleshooting
    Determining what is causing an operating error and deciding what to do about it

    10 Technology Design
    Generating or adapting equipment and technology to serve user needs

    10 Testing
    Conducting tests to determine whether equipment, software, or procedures are operating as expected

    5 Science
    Using scientific methods to solve problems

    5 Learning Strategies
    Using multiple approaches when learning or teaching new things

    5 Speaking
    Talking to others to effectively convey information

    5 Active Listening
    Listening to what other people are saying and asking questions as appropriate

    5 Writing
    Communicating effectively with others in writing as indicated by the needs of the audience

    5 Identifying Downstream Consequences
    Determining the long-term outcomes of a change in operations

    5 Synthesis/Reorganization
    Reorganizing information to get a better approach to problems or tasks

    5 Idea Generation
    Generating a number of different approaches to problems

    5 Systems Perception
    Determining when important changes have occurred in a system or are likely to occur

    5 Management of Financial Resources
    Determining how money will be spent to get the work done, and accounting for these expenditures .

    ABILITIES:
    Abilities elements are ranked by importance.

    95 Near Vision
    The ability to see details of objects at a close range (within a few feet of the observer)

    85 Arm-Hand Steadiness
    The ability to keep the hand and arm steady while making an arm movement or while holding the arm and hand in one position

    75 Manual Dexterity
    The ability to quickly make coordinated movements of one hand, a hand together with its arm, or two hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble objects

    70 Control Precision
    The ability to quickly and repeatedly make precise adjustments in moving the controls of a machine or vehicle to exact positions

    70 Wrist-Finger Speed
    The ability to make fast, simple, repeated movements of the fingers, hands, and wrists

    70 Finger Dexterity
    The ability to make precisely coordinated movements of the fingers of one or both hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble very small objects

    60 Visual Color Discrimination
    The ability to match or detect differences between colors, including shades of color and brightness

    55 Information Ordering
    The ability to correctly follow a given rule or set of rules in order to arrange things or actions in a certain order. The things or actions can include numbers, letters, words, pictures, procedures, sentences, and mathematical or logical operations.

    55 Category Flexibility
    The ability to produce many rules so that each rule tells how to group (or combine) a set of things in a different way.

    55 Selective Attention
    The ability to concentrate and not be distracted while performing a task over a period of time

    50 Visualization
    The ability to imagine how something will look after it is moved around or when its parts are moved or rearranged

    50 Number Facility
    The ability to add, subtract, multiply, or divide quickly and correctly

    50 Mathematical Reasoning
    The ability to understand and organize a problem and then to select a mathematical method or formula to solve the problem

    40 Flexibility of Closure
    The ability to identify or detect a known pattern (a figure, object, word, or sound) that is hidden in other distracting material

    40 Problem Sensitivity
    The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.

    40 Written Comprehension
    The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing

    35 Dynamic Strength
    The ability to exert muscle force repeatedly or continuously over time. This involves muscular endurance and resistance to muscle fatigue

    35 Deductive Reasoning
    The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to come up with logical answers. It involves deciding if an answer makes sense.

    35 Explosive Strength
    The ability to use short bursts of muscle force to propel oneself (as in jumping or sprinting), or to throw an object

    35 Inductive Reasoning
    The ability to combine separate pieces of information, or specific answers to problems, to form general rules or conclusions. It includes coming up with a logical explanation for why a series of seemingly unrelated events occur together.

    30 Fluency of Ideas
    The ability to come up with a number of ideas about a given topic. It concerns the number of ideas produced and not the quality, correctness, or creativity of the ideas.

    30 Time Sharing
    The ability to efficiently shift back and forth between two or more activities or sources of information (such as speech, sounds, touch, or other sources)

    30 Speed of Limb Movement
    The ability to quickly move the arms or legs

    30 Perceptual Speed
    The ability to quickly and accurately compare letters, numbers, objects, pictures, or patterns. The things to be compared may be presented at the same time or one after the other. This ability also includes comparing a presented object with a remembered object

    30 Originality
    The ability to come up with unusual or clever ideas about a given topic or situation, or to develop creative ways to solve a problem

    30 Depth Perception
    The ability to judge which of several objects is closer or farther away from the observer, or to judge the distance between an object and the observer

    30 Oral Comprehension
    The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences

    30 Trunk Strength
    The ability to use one's abdominal and lower back muscles to support part of the body repeatedly or continuously over time without "giving out" or fatiguing

    25 Memorization
    The ability to remember information such as words, numbers, pictures, and procedures

    25 Speed of Closure
    The ability to quickly make sense of information that seems to be without meaning or organization. It involves quickly combining and organizing different pieces of information into a meaningful pattern

    25 Extent Flexibility
    The ability to bend, stretch, twist, or reach out with the body, arms, and/or legs

    25 Glare Sensitivity
    The ability to see objects in the presence of glare or bright lighting

    25 Reaction Time
    The ability to quickly respond (with the hand, finger, or foot) to one signal (sound, light, picture, etc.) when it appears

    25 Multilimb Coordination
    The ability to coordinate movements of two or more limbs together (for example, two arms, two legs, or one leg and one arm) while sitting, standing, or lying down. It does not involve performing the activities while the body is in motion

    25 Static Strength
    The ability to exert maximum muscle force to lift, push, pull, or carry objects

    20 Oral Expression
    The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand

    20 Gross Body Coordination
    The ability to coordinate the movement of the arms, legs, and torso together in activities where the whole body is in motion

    20 Stamina
    The ability to exert one's self physically over long periods of time without getting winded or out of breath

    15 Spatial Orientation
    The ability to know one's location in relation to the environment, or to know where other objects are in relation to one's self

    15 Rate Control
    The ability to time the adjustments of a movement or equipment control in anticipation of changes in the speed and/or direction of a continuously moving object or scene

    15 Written Expression
    The ability to communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand

    10 Far Vision
    The ability to see details at a distance

    10 Sound Localization
    The ability to tell the direction from which a sound originated

    10 Response Orientation
    The ability to choose quickly and correctly between two or more movements in response to two or more signals (lights, sounds, pictures, etc.). It includes the speed with which the correct response is started with the hand, foot, or other body parts

    10 Speech Clarity
    The ability to speak clearly so that it is understandable to a listener

    10 Speech Recognition
    The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person

    5 Auditory Attention
    The ability to focus on a single source of auditory (hearing) information in the presence of other distracting sounds

    5 Hearing Sensitivity
    The ability to detect or tell the difference between sounds that vary over broad ranges of pitch and loudness

    5 Peripheral Vision
    The ability to see objects or movement of objects to one's side when the eyes are focused forward

    5 Night Vision
    The ability to see under low light conditions

    5 Dynamic Flexibility
    The ability to quickly and repeatedly bend, stretch, twist, or reach out with the body, arms, and/or legs

    WORK ACTIVITIES:
    Work activities elements are ranked by importance.

    80 Handling and Moving Objects
    Using one's own hands and arms in handling, installing, forming, positioning, and moving materials, or in manipulating things, including the use of keyboards.

    75 Getting Information Needed to Do the Job
    Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.

    70 Controlling Machines and Processes
    Using either control mechanisms or direct physical activity to operate machines or processes (not including computers or vehicles).

    65 Monitor Processes, Material, or Surroundings
    Monitoring and reviewing information from materials, events, or the environment, often to detect problems or to find out when things are finished.

    60 Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events
    Identifying information received by making estimates or categorizations, recognizing differences or similarities, or sensing changes in circumstances or events.

    60 Evaluating Information Against Standards
    Evaluating information against a set of standards and verifying that it is correct.

    55 Judging Qualities of Things, Services, or People
    Making judgments about or assessing the value, importance, or quality of things or people.

    55 Performing General Physical Activities
    Performing physical activities that require moving one's whole body, such as in climbing, lifting, balancing, walking, stooping, where the activities often also require considerable use of the arms and legs, such as in the physical handling of materials.

    50 Inspecting Equipment, Structures, or Material
    Inspecting or diagnosing equipment, structures, or materials to identify the causes of errors or other problems or defects.

    45 Repairing and Maintaining Mechanical Equipment
    Fixing, servicing, aligning, setting up, adjusting, and testing machines, devices, moving parts, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of mechanical (not electronic) principles.

    35 Making Decisions and Solving Problems
    Combining, evaluating, and reasoning with information and data to make decisions and solve problems. These processes involve making decisions about the relative importance of information and choosing the best solution.

    30 Analyzing Data or Information
    Identifying underlying principles, reasons, or facts by breaking down information or data into separate parts.

    25 Processing Information
    Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, verifying, or processing information or data.

    25 Estimating Needed Characteristics
    Estimating the Characteristics of Materials, Products, Events, or Information: Estimating sizes, distances, and quantities, or determining time, costs, resources, or materials needed to perform a work activity.

    20 Implementing Ideas or Programs
    Conducting or carrying out work procedures and activities in accord with one's own ideas or information provided through directions/instructions for purposes of installing, modifying, preparing, delivering, constructing, integrating, finishing, or completing programs, systems, structures, or products.

    20 Thinking Creatively
    Originating, inventing, designing, or creating new applications, ideas, relationships, systems, or products, including artistic contributions.

    15 Updating and Using Job-Relevant Knowledge
    Keeping up-to-date technically and knowing one's own jobs' and related jobs' functions.

    15 Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing
    Developing plans to accomplish work, and prioritizing and organizing one's own work.

    10 Drafting and Specifying Technical Devices
    Providing documentation, detailed instructions, drawings, or specifications to inform others about how devices, parts, equipment, or structures are to be fabricated, constructed, assembled, modified, maintained, or used.

    10 Communicating With Other Workers
    Providing information to supervisors, fellow workers, and subordinates. This information can be exchanged face-to-face, in writing, or via telephone/electronic transfer.

    10 Repairing and Maintaining Electrical Equipment
    Fixing, servicing, adjusting, regulating, calibrating, fine-tuning, or testing machines, devices, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of electrical or electronic (not mechanical) principles.

    5 Monitoring and Controlling Resources
    Monitoring and controlling resources and overseeing the spending of money.

    5 Documenting or Recording Information
    Entering, transcribing, recording, storing, or maintaining information in either written form or by electronic/magnetic recording.

    5 Interacting With Computers
    Controlling computer functions by using programs, setting up functions, writing software, or otherwise communicating with computer systems.

    5 Performing Administrative Activities
    Approving requests, handling paperwork, and performing day-to-day administrative tasks.

    5 Coordinating Work and Activities of Others
    Coordinating members of a work group to accomplish tasks.

    WORK CONTEXT:
    Work context elements are ranked by frequency (F), importance (I), responsibility (R), amount of contact (C), how serious (S), objective vs. subjective (O), automation (A), extent of frustration (E), responsible for health and safety (H), likelihood of injury (L), degree of injury (D) .

    100 (F) Indoors
    How frequently does this job require the worker to work: Indoors

    96 (I) Importance of Being Exact or Accurate
    How important is being very exact or highly accurate in performing this job?

    95 (F) Using Hands on Objects, Tools, Controls
    How much time in a usual work period does the worker spend: Using hands to handle, control, or feel objects, tools or controls?

    85 (F) Sitting
    How much time in a usual work period does the worker spend: Sitting?

    76 (I) Importance of Being Sure All Is Done
    How important is it to be sure that all the details of this job are performed and everything is done completely?

    65 (F) Hazardous Equipment
    How often does this job require the worker to be exposed to harardous equipment? Hazardous Equipment (e.g., saws, machinery/mechanical parts include exposure to vehicular traffic, but not driving a vehicle)

    60 (F) Hazardous Situations
    How often does this job require the worker to be exposed to harardous situations? Hazardous Situations involving likely cuts, bites, stings, or minor burns

    60 (S) Consequence of Error
    How serious would the result usually be if the worker made a mistake that was not readily correctable?

    56 (I) Importance of Repeating Same Tasks
    How important is repeating the same physical activities (e.g., key entry) or mental activities (e.g., checking entries in a ledger) over and over, without stopping, to performing this job?

    50 (F) Making Repetitive Motions
    How much time in a usual work period does the worker spend: Making repetitive motions?

    43 (L) Hazardous Situations
    What is the likelihood that the worker would be injured as a result of being exposed to hazardous situations while performing this job? Hazardous Situations involving likely cuts, bites, stings, or minor burns

    40 (F) Common Protective or Safety Attire
    How often does the worker wear: Common protective or safety attire, such as safety shoes, glasses, gloves, hearing protection, hard-hat, or personal flotation device?

    37 (L) Hazardous Equipment
    What is the likelihood that the worker would be injured as a result of being exposed to hazardous equipment while performing this job? Hazardous Equipment (e.g., saws, machinery/mechanical parts include exposure to vehicular traffic, but not driving a vehicle)

    37 (O) Objective or Subjective Information
    How objective or subjective is the information communicated in this job?

    35 (F) Standing
    How much time in a usual work period does the worker spend: Standing?

    32 (D) Hazardous Equipment
    If injury, due to exposure to hazardous equipment, were to occur while performing this job, how serious would be the likely outcome? Hazardous Equipment (e.g., saws, machinery/mechanical parts include exposure to vehicular traffic, but not driving a vehicle)

    32 (I) Pace Determined by Speed of Equipment
    How important is it to this job that the pace is determined by the speed of equipment or machinery? (This does not refer to keeping busy at all times on this job.)

    28 (I) Provide a Service to Others
    How important are interactions requiring the worker to: Provide a service to others (e.g., customers)?

    25 (F) Extremely Bright or Inadequate Lighting
    How often during a usual work period is the worker exposed to the following conditions: Extremely bright or inadequate lighting conditions?

    25 (F) Bending or Twisting the Body
    How much time in a usual work period does the worker spend: Bending or twisting the body?

    23 (A) Degree of Automation
    Indicate the level of automation of this job.

    20 (D) Hazardous Situations
    If injury, due to exposure to hazardous situations, were to occur while performing this job, how serious would be the likely outcome? Hazardous Situations involving likely cuts, bites, stings, or minor burns

    20 (F) Contaminants
    How often during a usual work period is the worker exposed to the following conditions: Contaminants (pollutants, gases, dust, odors, etc.)?

    20 (F) Hazardous Conditions
    How often does this job require the worker to be exposed to hazardous conditions? Hazardous Conditions (e.g., high voltage electricity, combustibles, explosives, chemicals; do not include hazardous equipment or situations)

    20 (F) Sounds or Noise Levels Are Distracting
    How often during a usual work period is the worker exposed to the following conditions: Sounds and noise levels that are distracting and uncomfortable?

    17 (E) Frustrating Circumstances
    To what extent do frustrating circumstances ("road blocks" to work that are beyond the worker's control) hinder the accomplishment of this job?

    15 (F) Very Hot
    How often during a usual work period is the worker exposed to the following conditions: Very hot (above 90 F) or very cold (under 32 F) temperatures?

    15 (F) Walking or Running
    How much time in a usual work period does the worker spend: Walking or running?

    11 (H) Responsible for Health and Safety of Others
    How responsible is the worker for others' health and safety on this job?

    11 (L) Hazardous Conditions
    What is the likelihood that the worker would be injured as a result of being exposed to hazardous conditions while performing this job? Hazardous Conditions (e.g., high voltage electricity, combustibles, explosives, chemicals; do not include hazardous equipment or situations)

    10 (F) Kneeling, Crouching or Crawling
    How much time in a usual work period does the worker spend: Kneeling, stooping, crouching or crawling?

    10 (F) Frequency in Conflict Situations
    How frequently do the job requirements place the worker in conflict situations?

    8 (I) Supervise, Coach, Train Others
    How important are interactions requiring the worker to: Supervise, coach, train, or develop other employees?

    8 (I) Importance of Being Aware of New Events
    How important is being constantly aware of either frequently changing events (e.g. security guard watching for shoplifters) or infrequent events (e.g. radar operator watching for tornadoes) to performing this job?

    8 (D) Hazardous Conditions
    If injury, due to exposure to hazardous conditions, were to occur while performing this job, how serious would be the likely outcome? Hazardous Conditions (e.g., high voltage electricity, combustibles, explosives, chemicals; do not include hazardous equipment or situations)

    7 (C) Job-Required Social Interaction
    How much does this job require the worker to be in contact (face-to-face, by telephone, or otherwise) with others in order to perform it?

    6 (R) Responsibility for Outcomes and Results
    How responsible is the worker for work outcomes and results of other workers?

    5 (F) Outdoors
    How frequently does this job require the worker to work: Outdoors

    5 (F) Deal With Unpleasant or Angry People
    How frequently does the worker have to deal with unpleasant, angry, or discourteous individuals as part of the job requirements?

    5 (F) Cramped Work Space, Awkward Positions
    How often during a usual work period is the worker exposed to the following conditions: Cramped work space that requires getting into awkward positions?

    4 (I) Deal With External Customers
    How important are interactions requiring the worker to: Deal with external customers (e.g., retail sales) or the public in general (e.g., police work)?

    4 (I) Coordinate or Lead Others
    How important are interactions requiring the worker to: Coordinate or lead others in accomplishing work activities (not supervision)?

    4 (I) Persuade Someone to a Course of Action
    How important are interactions requiring the worker to: Persuade someone to a course of action (informally) or influence others to buy something (to sell)?

    INTERESTS:
    Interest elements are ranked by occupational interest.

    94 Realistic
    Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.

    39 Conventional
    Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow.

    33 Artistic
    Artistic occupations frequently involve working with forms, designs and patterns. They often require self-expression and the work can be done without following a clear set of rules.

    33 Investigative
    Investigative occupations frequently involve working with ideas, and require an extensive amount of thinking. These occupations can involve searching for facts and figuring out problems mentally.

    22 Enterprising
    Enterprising occupations frequently involve starting up and carrying out projects. These occupations can involve leading people and making many decisions. Sometimes they require risk taking and often deal with business.

    11 Social
    Social occupations frequently involve working with, communicating with, and teaching people. These occupations often involve helping or providing service to others.

    WORK VALUES:
    Work values elements are ranked by extent.

    61 Achievement-Mean Extent
    Occupations that satisfy this work value are results oriented and allow employees to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment. Corresponding needs are Ability Utilization and Achievement.

    58 Working Conditions-Mean Extent
    Occupations that satisfy this work value offer job security and good working conditions. Corresponding needs are Activity, Compensation, Independence, Security, Variety and Working Conditions.

    55 Support-Mean Extent
    Occupations that satisfy this work value offer supportive management that stands behind employees. Corresponding needs are Company Policies, Supervision: Human Relations and Supervision: Technical.

    53 Independence-Mean Extent
    Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employs to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy.

    40 Relationships-Mean Extent
    Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to provide service to others and work with co-workers in a friendly non-competitive environment. Corresponding needs are Co-workers, Moral Values and Social Service.

    40 Recognition-Mean Extent
    Occupations that satisfy this work value offer advancement, potential for leadership, and are often considered prestigious. Corresponding needs are Advancement, Authority, Recognition and Social Status.

    81 Independence
    Workers on this job do their work alone

    75 Moral Values
    Workers on this job are never pressured to do things that go against their sense of right and wrong

    69 Ability Utilization
    Workers on this job make use of their individual abilities

    66 Compensation
    Workers on this job are paid well in comparison with other workers

    63 Working Conditions
    Workers on this job have good working conditions

    59 Supervision, Technical
    Workers on this job have supervisors who train their workers well

    56 Autonomy
    Workers on this job plan their work with little supervision

    53 Company Policies and Practices
    Workers on this job are treated fairly by the company

    53 Security
    Workers on this job have steady employment

    53 Achievement
    Workers on this job get a feeling of accomplishment

    53 Recognition
    Workers on this job receive recognition for the work they do

    53 Responsibility
    Workers on this job make decisions on their own

    53 Social Status
    Workers on this job are looked up to by others in their company and their community

    53 Supervision, Human Relations
    Workers on this job have supervisors who back up their workers with management

    50 Creativity
    Workers on this job try out their own ideas

    44 Variety
    Workers on this job have something different to do every day

    41 Activity
    Workers on this job are busy all the time

    38 Co-workers
    Workers on this job have co-workers who are easy to get along with

    38 Advancement
    Workers on this job have opportunities for advancement

    16 Authority
    Workers on this job give directions and instructions to others

    6 Social Service
    Workers on this job have work where they do things for other people

    CROSSWALKS:
    DOT91 (Dictionary of Occupational Titles): 770381034 Oliving-Machine Operator
    770381038 Sapphire-Stylus Grinder
    770261010 Brilliandeer-Lopper
    770261014 Girdler
    770281014 Gem Cutter
    770381014 Diamond Cleaver
    770381018 Diamond Driller
    770381022 Diamond-Die Polisher
    770381042 Spotter
    770381030 Jewel-Bearing Maker
    770382010 Lathe Operator
    770382014 Phonograph-Needle-Tip Maker
    770381026 Jewel Blocker and Sawyer

    AIM97 (Apprenticeship Information Management): 0893 BRILLIANDEER-LOPPER
    0242 GEM CUTTER (jewelry)

    CEN90 (1990 Census Occupations): 647 Precious Stones and Metals Workers(jewelers)

    CIP90 (Classification of Instructional Programs): 500701 Art, General
    500713 Metal and Jewelry Arts
    470408 Watch, Clock and Jewelry Repairer

    GOE93 (Guide for Occupational Exploration): 060208 Production Work: Machine Work, Stone, Glass, and Clay
    060104 Production Technology: Precision Hand Work
    050514 Craft Technology: Gem Cutting and Finishing

    MOC97 (Military Occupational Codes): No crosswalks

    OES98 (Occupational Employment Statistics): 89123 Jewelers and Silversmiths

    OPM97 (Office of Personnel Management Occupations): No crosswalks

    SOC98 (Standard Occupational Classification): 51-9071 Jewelers and Precious Stone and Metal Workers