CODE: 89926ABuy ONET/DOT: Download or CD-ROM
TITLE: Gem and Diamond Workers
DEFINITION: Split, saw, cut, shape, polish, or drill gems and diamonds used in jewelry or industrial tools.
1. Holds stone, gem, die, or stylus, attached to holder or lapidary stick, against rotating plates or wheels to shape, grind, and polish.
2. Bores, laps, and polishes holes in industrial diamonds used for dies, using drill, lathe, lapping machine, and hand tools.
3. Splits gem along premarked lines to remove imperfections, using blade and jeweler's hammer.
4. Grinds, drills, and finishes jewel bearings for use in precision instruments, such as compasses and chronometers.
5. Laps girdle on rough diamonds, using diamond girdling lathe.
6. Locates and marks drilling position on surface of diamond dies, using diamond chip and power hand drill.
7. Measures size of stone's bore holes and cuts to ensure adherence to specifications, using precision measuring instruments.
8. Positions gem or diamond against edge of revolving saw, lathe saw, or lapidary slitter to cut, block, or slit stone.
9. Selects shaping wheel, mixes, and applies abrasive, bort, or polishing compound.
10. Examines diamond or gem to determine shape, cut, and width of stone.
11. Secures gem or diamond in holder, chuck, dop, lapidary stick, or block for cutting, polishing, grinding, drilling, or shaping.
12. Examines gem during processing to ensure accuracy of angle and position of cut or bore, using magnifying glass, loupe, or shadowgraph.
13. Replaces, trues, and sharpens blades, drills, and plates.
14. Lubricates, dismantles, and cleans lapping, boring, cutting, polishing, and shaping equipment and machinery.
Knowledge elements are ranked by importance.
Knowledge of machines and tools, including their designs, uses, benefits, repair, and maintenance
45 Engineering and Technology
Knowledge of equipment, tools, mechanical devices, and their uses to produce motion, light, power, technology, and other applications
Knowledge of numbers, their operations, and interrelationships including arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications
40 Production and Processing
Knowledge of inputs, outputs, raw materials, waste, quality control, costs, and techniques for maximizing the manufacture and distribution of goods
Knowledge and prediction of physical principles, laws, and applications including air, water, material dynamics, light, atomic principles, heat, electric theory, earth formations, and meteorological and related natural phenomena
25 Fine Arts
Knowledge of theory and techniques required to produce, compose, and perform works of music, dance, visual arts, drama, and sculpture
20 Building and Construction
Knowledge of materials, methods, and the appropriate tools to construct objects, structures, and buildings
Knowledge of design techniques, principles, tools and instruments involved in the production and use of precision technical plans, blueprints, drawings, and models
5 English Language
Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar
Skills elements are ranked by importance.
65 Product Inspection
Inspecting and evaluating the quality of products
55 Equipment Selection
Determining the kind of tools and equipment needed to do a job
50 Operation and Control
Controlling operations of equipment or systems
40 Information Gathering
Knowing how to find information and identifying essential information
Assessing how well one is doing when learning or doing something
35 Problem Identification
Identifying the nature of problems
35 Solution Appraisal
Observing and evaluating the outcomes of a problem solution to identify lessons learned or redirect efforts
35 Equipment Maintenance
Performing routine maintenance and determining when and what kind of maintenance is needed
30 Implementation Planning
Developing approaches for implementing an idea
Repairing machines or systems using the needed tools
Installing equipment, machines, wiring, or programs to meet specifications
30 Management of Material Resources
Obtaining and seeing to the appropriate use of equipment, facilities, and materials needed to do certain work
Using mathematics to solve problems
25 Information Organization
Finding ways to structure or classify multiple pieces of information
25 Judgment and Decision Making
Weighing the relative costs and benefits of a potential action
20 Identification of Key Causes
Identifying the things that must be changed to achieve a goal
20 Operation Monitoring
Watching gauges, dials, or other indicators to make sure a machine is working properly
20 Time Management
Managing one's own time and the time of others
20 Operations Analysis
Analyzing needs and product requirements to create a design
20 Reading Comprehension
Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents
20 Critical Thinking
Using logic and analysis to identify the strengths and weaknesses of different approaches
15 Active Learning
Working with new material or information to grasp its implications
15 Idea Evaluation
Evaluating the likely success of an idea in relation to the demands of the situation
Developing an image of how a system should work under ideal conditions
Determining what is causing an operating error and deciding what to do about it
10 Technology Design
Generating or adapting equipment and technology to serve user needs
Conducting tests to determine whether equipment, software, or procedures are operating as expected
Using scientific methods to solve problems
5 Learning Strategies
Using multiple approaches when learning or teaching new things
Talking to others to effectively convey information
5 Active Listening
Listening to what other people are saying and asking questions as appropriate
Communicating effectively with others in writing as indicated by the needs of the audience
5 Identifying Downstream Consequences
Determining the long-term outcomes of a change in operations
Reorganizing information to get a better approach to problems or tasks
5 Idea Generation
Generating a number of different approaches to problems
5 Systems Perception
Determining when important changes have occurred in a system or are likely to occur
5 Management of Financial Resources
Determining how money will be spent to get the work done, and accounting for these expenditures .
Abilities elements are ranked by importance.
95 Near Vision
The ability to see details of objects at a close range (within a few feet of the observer)
85 Arm-Hand Steadiness
The ability to keep the hand and arm steady while making an arm movement or while holding the arm and hand in one position
75 Manual Dexterity
The ability to quickly make coordinated movements of one hand, a hand together with its arm, or two hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble objects
70 Control Precision
The ability to quickly and repeatedly make precise adjustments in moving the controls of a machine or vehicle to exact positions
70 Wrist-Finger Speed
The ability to make fast, simple, repeated movements of the fingers, hands, and wrists
70 Finger Dexterity
The ability to make precisely coordinated movements of the fingers of one or both hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble very small objects
60 Visual Color Discrimination
The ability to match or detect differences between colors, including shades of color and brightness
55 Information Ordering
The ability to correctly follow a given rule or set of rules in order to arrange things or actions in a certain order. The things or actions can include numbers, letters, words, pictures, procedures, sentences, and mathematical or logical operations.
55 Category Flexibility
The ability to produce many rules so that each rule tells how to group (or combine) a set of things in a different way.
55 Selective Attention
The ability to concentrate and not be distracted while performing a task over a period of time
The ability to imagine how something will look after it is moved around or when its parts are moved or rearranged
50 Number Facility
The ability to add, subtract, multiply, or divide quickly and correctly
50 Mathematical Reasoning
The ability to understand and organize a problem and then to select a mathematical method or formula to solve the problem
40 Flexibility of Closure
The ability to identify or detect a known pattern (a figure, object, word, or sound) that is hidden in other distracting material
40 Problem Sensitivity
The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.
40 Written Comprehension
The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing
35 Dynamic Strength
The ability to exert muscle force repeatedly or continuously over time. This involves muscular endurance and resistance to muscle fatigue
35 Deductive Reasoning
The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to come up with logical answers. It involves deciding if an answer makes sense.
35 Explosive Strength
The ability to use short bursts of muscle force to propel oneself (as in jumping or sprinting), or to throw an object
35 Inductive Reasoning
The ability to combine separate pieces of information, or specific answers to problems, to form general rules or conclusions. It includes coming up with a logical explanation for why a series of seemingly unrelated events occur together.
30 Fluency of Ideas
The ability to come up with a number of ideas about a given topic. It concerns the number of ideas produced and not the quality, correctness, or creativity of the ideas.
30 Time Sharing
The ability to efficiently shift back and forth between two or more activities or sources of information (such as speech, sounds, touch, or other sources)
30 Speed of Limb Movement
The ability to quickly move the arms or legs
30 Perceptual Speed
The ability to quickly and accurately compare letters, numbers, objects, pictures, or patterns. The things to be compared may be presented at the same time or one after the other. This ability also includes comparing a presented object with a remembered object
The ability to come up with unusual or clever ideas about a given topic or situation, or to develop creative ways to solve a problem
30 Depth Perception
The ability to judge which of several objects is closer or farther away from the observer, or to judge the distance between an object and the observer
30 Oral Comprehension
The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences
30 Trunk Strength
The ability to use one's abdominal and lower back muscles to support part of the body repeatedly or continuously over time without "giving out" or fatiguing
The ability to remember information such as words, numbers, pictures, and procedures
25 Speed of Closure
The ability to quickly make sense of information that seems to be without meaning or organization. It involves quickly combining and organizing different pieces of information into a meaningful pattern
25 Extent Flexibility
The ability to bend, stretch, twist, or reach out with the body, arms, and/or legs
25 Glare Sensitivity
The ability to see objects in the presence of glare or bright lighting
25 Reaction Time
The ability to quickly respond (with the hand, finger, or foot) to one signal (sound, light, picture, etc.) when it appears
25 Multilimb Coordination
The ability to coordinate movements of two or more limbs together (for example, two arms, two legs, or one leg and one arm) while sitting, standing, or lying down. It does not involve performing the activities while the body is in motion
25 Static Strength
The ability to exert maximum muscle force to lift, push, pull, or carry objects
20 Oral Expression
The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand
20 Gross Body Coordination
The ability to coordinate the movement of the arms, legs, and torso together in activities where the whole body is in motion
The ability to exert one's self physically over long periods of time without getting winded or out of breath
15 Spatial Orientation
The ability to know one's location in relation to the environment, or to know where other objects are in relation to one's self
15 Rate Control
The ability to time the adjustments of a movement or equipment control in anticipation of changes in the speed and/or direction of a continuously moving object or scene
15 Written Expression
The ability to communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand
10 Far Vision
The ability to see details at a distance
10 Sound Localization
The ability to tell the direction from which a sound originated
10 Response Orientation
The ability to choose quickly and correctly between two or more movements in response to two or more signals (lights, sounds, pictures, etc.). It includes the speed with which the correct response is started with the hand, foot, or other body parts
10 Speech Clarity
The ability to speak clearly so that it is understandable to a listener
10 Speech Recognition
The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person
5 Auditory Attention
The ability to focus on a single source of auditory (hearing) information in the presence of other distracting sounds
5 Hearing Sensitivity
The ability to detect or tell the difference between sounds that vary over broad ranges of pitch and loudness
5 Peripheral Vision
The ability to see objects or movement of objects to one's side when the eyes are focused forward
5 Night Vision
The ability to see under low light conditions
5 Dynamic Flexibility
The ability to quickly and repeatedly bend, stretch, twist, or reach out with the body, arms, and/or legs
Work activities elements are ranked by importance.
80 Handling and Moving Objects
Using one's own hands and arms in handling, installing, forming, positioning, and moving materials, or in manipulating things, including the use of keyboards.
75 Getting Information Needed to Do the Job
Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.
70 Controlling Machines and Processes
Using either control mechanisms or direct physical activity to operate machines or processes (not including computers or vehicles).
65 Monitor Processes, Material, or Surroundings
Monitoring and reviewing information from materials, events, or the environment, often to detect problems or to find out when things are finished.
60 Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events
Identifying information received by making estimates or categorizations, recognizing differences or similarities, or sensing changes in circumstances or events.
60 Evaluating Information Against Standards
Evaluating information against a set of standards and verifying that it is correct.
55 Judging Qualities of Things, Services, or People
Making judgments about or assessing the value, importance, or quality of things or people.
55 Performing General Physical Activities
Performing physical activities that require moving one's whole body, such as in climbing, lifting, balancing, walking, stooping, where the activities often also require considerable use of the arms and legs, such as in the physical handling of materials.
50 Inspecting Equipment, Structures, or Material
Inspecting or diagnosing equipment, structures, or materials to identify the causes of errors or other problems or defects.
45 Repairing and Maintaining Mechanical Equipment
Fixing, servicing, aligning, setting up, adjusting, and testing machines, devices, moving parts, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of mechanical (not electronic) principles.
35 Making Decisions and Solving Problems
Combining, evaluating, and reasoning with information and data to make decisions and solve problems. These processes involve making decisions about the relative importance of information and choosing the best solution.
30 Analyzing Data or Information
Identifying underlying principles, reasons, or facts by breaking down information or data into separate parts.
25 Processing Information
Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, verifying, or processing information or data.
25 Estimating Needed Characteristics
Estimating the Characteristics of Materials, Products, Events, or Information: Estimating sizes, distances, and quantities, or determining time, costs, resources, or materials needed to perform a work activity.
20 Implementing Ideas or Programs
Conducting or carrying out work procedures and activities in accord with one's own ideas or information provided through directions/instructions for purposes of installing, modifying, preparing, delivering, constructing, integrating, finishing, or completing programs, systems, structures, or products.
20 Thinking Creatively
Originating, inventing, designing, or creating new applications, ideas, relationships, systems, or products, including artistic contributions.
15 Updating and Using Job-Relevant Knowledge
Keeping up-to-date technically and knowing one's own jobs' and related jobs' functions.
15 Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing
Developing plans to accomplish work, and prioritizing and organizing one's own work.
10 Drafting and Specifying Technical Devices
Providing documentation, detailed instructions, drawings, or specifications to inform others about how devices, parts, equipment, or structures are to be fabricated, constructed, assembled, modified, maintained, or used.
10 Communicating With Other Workers
Providing information to supervisors, fellow workers, and subordinates. This information can be exchanged face-to-face, in writing, or via telephone/electronic transfer.
10 Repairing and Maintaining Electrical Equipment
Fixing, servicing, adjusting, regulating, calibrating, fine-tuning, or testing machines, devices, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of electrical or electronic (not mechanical) principles.
5 Monitoring and Controlling Resources
Monitoring and controlling resources and overseeing the spending of money.
5 Documenting or Recording Information
Entering, transcribing, recording, storing, or maintaining information in either written form or by electronic/magnetic recording.
5 Interacting With Computers
Controlling computer functions by using programs, setting up functions, writing software, or otherwise communicating with computer systems.
5 Performing Administrative Activities
Approving requests, handling paperwork, and performing day-to-day administrative tasks.
5 Coordinating Work and Activities of Others
Coordinating members of a work group to accomplish tasks.
Work context elements are ranked by frequency (F), importance (I), responsibility (R), amount of contact (C), how serious (S), objective vs. subjective (O), automation (A), extent of frustration (E), responsible for health and safety (H), likelihood of injury (L), degree of injury (D) .
100 (F) Indoors
How frequently does this job require the worker to work: Indoors
96 (I) Importance of Being Exact or Accurate
How important is being very exact or highly accurate in performing this job?
95 (F) Using Hands on Objects, Tools, Controls
How much time in a usual work period does the worker spend: Using hands to handle, control, or feel objects, tools or controls?
85 (F) Sitting
How much time in a usual work period does the worker spend: Sitting?
76 (I) Importance of Being Sure All Is Done
How important is it to be sure that all the details of this job are performed and everything is done completely?
65 (F) Hazardous Equipment
How often does this job require the worker to be exposed to harardous equipment? Hazardous Equipment (e.g., saws, machinery/mechanical parts include exposure to vehicular traffic, but not driving a vehicle)
60 (F) Hazardous Situations
How often does this job require the worker to be exposed to harardous situations? Hazardous Situations involving likely cuts, bites, stings, or minor burns
60 (S) Consequence of Error
How serious would the result usually be if the worker made a mistake that was not readily correctable?
56 (I) Importance of Repeating Same Tasks
How important is repeating the same physical activities (e.g., key entry) or mental activities (e.g., checking entries in a ledger) over and over, without stopping, to performing this job?
50 (F) Making Repetitive Motions
How much time in a usual work period does the worker spend: Making repetitive motions?
43 (L) Hazardous Situations
What is the likelihood that the worker would be injured as a result of being exposed to hazardous situations while performing this job? Hazardous Situations involving likely cuts, bites, stings, or minor burns
40 (F) Common Protective or Safety Attire
How often does the worker wear: Common protective or safety attire, such as safety shoes, glasses, gloves, hearing protection, hard-hat, or personal flotation device?
37 (L) Hazardous Equipment
What is the likelihood that the worker would be injured as a result of being exposed to hazardous equipment while performing this job? Hazardous Equipment (e.g., saws, machinery/mechanical parts include exposure to vehicular traffic, but not driving a vehicle)
37 (O) Objective or Subjective Information
How objective or subjective is the information communicated in this job?
35 (F) Standing
How much time in a usual work period does the worker spend: Standing?
32 (D) Hazardous Equipment
If injury, due to exposure to hazardous equipment, were to occur while performing this job, how serious would be the likely outcome? Hazardous Equipment (e.g., saws, machinery/mechanical parts include exposure to vehicular traffic, but not driving a vehicle)
32 (I) Pace Determined by Speed of Equipment
How important is it to this job that the pace is determined by the speed of equipment or machinery? (This does not refer to keeping busy at all times on this job.)
28 (I) Provide a Service to Others
How important are interactions requiring the worker to: Provide a service to others (e.g., customers)?
25 (F) Extremely Bright or Inadequate Lighting
How often during a usual work period is the worker exposed to the following conditions: Extremely bright or inadequate lighting conditions?
25 (F) Bending or Twisting the Body
How much time in a usual work period does the worker spend: Bending or twisting the body?
23 (A) Degree of Automation
Indicate the level of automation of this job.
20 (D) Hazardous Situations
If injury, due to exposure to hazardous situations, were to occur while performing this job, how serious would be the likely outcome? Hazardous Situations involving likely cuts, bites, stings, or minor burns
20 (F) Contaminants
How often during a usual work period is the worker exposed to the following conditions: Contaminants (pollutants, gases, dust, odors, etc.)?
20 (F) Hazardous Conditions
How often does this job require the worker to be exposed to hazardous conditions? Hazardous Conditions (e.g., high voltage electricity, combustibles, explosives, chemicals; do not include hazardous equipment or situations)
20 (F) Sounds or Noise Levels Are Distracting
How often during a usual work period is the worker exposed to the following conditions: Sounds and noise levels that are distracting and uncomfortable?
17 (E) Frustrating Circumstances
To what extent do frustrating circumstances ("road blocks" to work that are beyond the worker's control) hinder the accomplishment of this job?
15 (F) Very Hot
How often during a usual work period is the worker exposed to the following conditions: Very hot (above 90 F) or very cold (under 32 F) temperatures?
15 (F) Walking or Running
How much time in a usual work period does the worker spend: Walking or running?
11 (H) Responsible for Health and Safety of Others
How responsible is the worker for others' health and safety on this job?
11 (L) Hazardous Conditions
What is the likelihood that the worker would be injured as a result of being exposed to hazardous conditions while performing this job? Hazardous Conditions (e.g., high voltage electricity, combustibles, explosives, chemicals; do not include hazardous equipment or situations)
10 (F) Kneeling, Crouching or Crawling
How much time in a usual work period does the worker spend: Kneeling, stooping, crouching or crawling?
10 (F) Frequency in Conflict Situations
How frequently do the job requirements place the worker in conflict situations?
8 (I) Supervise, Coach, Train Others
How important are interactions requiring the worker to: Supervise, coach, train, or develop other employees?
8 (I) Importance of Being Aware of New Events
How important is being constantly aware of either frequently changing events (e.g. security guard watching for shoplifters) or infrequent events (e.g. radar operator watching for tornadoes) to performing this job?
8 (D) Hazardous Conditions
If injury, due to exposure to hazardous conditions, were to occur while performing this job, how serious would be the likely outcome? Hazardous Conditions (e.g., high voltage electricity, combustibles, explosives, chemicals; do not include hazardous equipment or situations)
7 (C) Job-Required Social Interaction
How much does this job require the worker to be in contact (face-to-face, by telephone, or otherwise) with others in order to perform it?
6 (R) Responsibility for Outcomes and Results
How responsible is the worker for work outcomes and results of other workers?
5 (F) Outdoors
How frequently does this job require the worker to work: Outdoors
5 (F) Deal With Unpleasant or Angry People
How frequently does the worker have to deal with unpleasant, angry, or discourteous individuals as part of the job requirements?
5 (F) Cramped Work Space, Awkward Positions
How often during a usual work period is the worker exposed to the following conditions: Cramped work space that requires getting into awkward positions?
4 (I) Deal With External Customers
How important are interactions requiring the worker to: Deal with external customers (e.g., retail sales) or the public in general (e.g., police work)?
4 (I) Coordinate or Lead Others
How important are interactions requiring the worker to: Coordinate or lead others in accomplishing work activities (not supervision)?
4 (I) Persuade Someone to a Course of Action
How important are interactions requiring the worker to: Persuade someone to a course of action (informally) or influence others to buy something (to sell)?
Interest elements are ranked by occupational interest.
Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.
Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow.
Artistic occupations frequently involve working with forms, designs and patterns. They often require self-expression and the work can be done without following a clear set of rules.
Investigative occupations frequently involve working with ideas, and require an extensive amount of thinking. These occupations can involve searching for facts and figuring out problems mentally.
Enterprising occupations frequently involve starting up and carrying out projects. These occupations can involve leading people and making many decisions. Sometimes they require risk taking and often deal with business.
Social occupations frequently involve working with, communicating with, and teaching people. These occupations often involve helping or providing service to others.
Work values elements are ranked by extent.
61 Achievement-Mean Extent
Occupations that satisfy this work value are results oriented and allow employees to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment. Corresponding needs are Ability Utilization and Achievement.
58 Working Conditions-Mean Extent
Occupations that satisfy this work value offer job security and good working conditions. Corresponding needs are Activity, Compensation, Independence, Security, Variety and Working Conditions.
55 Support-Mean Extent
Occupations that satisfy this work value offer supportive management that stands behind employees. Corresponding needs are Company Policies, Supervision: Human Relations and Supervision: Technical.
53 Independence-Mean Extent
Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employs to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy.
40 Relationships-Mean Extent
Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to provide service to others and work with co-workers in a friendly non-competitive environment. Corresponding needs are Co-workers, Moral Values and Social Service.
40 Recognition-Mean Extent
Occupations that satisfy this work value offer advancement, potential for leadership, and are often considered prestigious. Corresponding needs are Advancement, Authority, Recognition and Social Status.
Workers on this job do their work alone
75 Moral Values
Workers on this job are never pressured to do things that go against their sense of right and wrong
69 Ability Utilization
Workers on this job make use of their individual abilities
Workers on this job are paid well in comparison with other workers
63 Working Conditions
Workers on this job have good working conditions
59 Supervision, Technical
Workers on this job have supervisors who train their workers well
Workers on this job plan their work with little supervision
53 Company Policies and Practices
Workers on this job are treated fairly by the company
Workers on this job have steady employment
Workers on this job get a feeling of accomplishment
Workers on this job receive recognition for the work they do
Workers on this job make decisions on their own
53 Social Status
Workers on this job are looked up to by others in their company and their community
53 Supervision, Human Relations
Workers on this job have supervisors who back up their workers with management
Workers on this job try out their own ideas
Workers on this job have something different to do every day
Workers on this job are busy all the time
Workers on this job have co-workers who are easy to get along with
Workers on this job have opportunities for advancement
Workers on this job give directions and instructions to others
6 Social Service
Workers on this job have work where they do things for other people