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TITLE: Life Sciences Teachers- Postsecondary

DEFINITION: Teach courses pertaining to living organisms, such as biological sciences, agricultural sciences, and medical sciences. Include teachers of subjects such as botany, zoology, agronomy, biochemistry, biophysics, soil conservation, forestry, psychiatry, surgery, and obstetrics.



    1. Prepares and delivers lectures to students.

    2. Stimulates class discussions.

    3. Compiles bibliographies of specialized materials for outside reading assignments.

    4. Compiles, administers, and grades examinations, or assigns this work to others.

    5. Advises students on academic and vocational curricula.

    6. Directs research of other teachers or graduate students working for advanced academic degrees.

    7. Conducts research in particular field of knowledge and publishes findings in professional journals.

    8. Acts as adviser to student organizations.

    9. Serves on faculty committee providing professional consulting services to government and industry.

    Knowledge elements are ranked by importance.

    100 Education and Training
    Knowledge of instructional methods and training techniques including curriculum design principles, learning theory, group and individual teaching techniques, design of individual development plans, and test design principles

    96 Biology
    Knowledge of plant and animal living tissue, cells, organisms, and entities, including their functions, interdependencies, and interactions with each other and the environment

    88 Psychology
    Knowledge of human behavior and performance, mental processes, psychological research methods, and the assessment and treatment of behavioral and affective disorders

    83 Chemistry
    Knowledge of the composition, structure, and properties of substances and of the chemical processes and transformations that they undergo. This includes uses of chemicals and their interactions, danger signs, production techniques, and disposal methods

    79 English Language
    Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar

    75 Medicine and Dentistry
    Knowledge of the information and techniques needed to diagnose and treat injuries, diseases, and deformities. This includes symptoms, treatment alternatives, drug properties and interactions, and preventive health-care measures

    63 Therapy and Counseling
    Knowledge of information and techniques needed to rehabilitate physical and mental ailments and to provide career guidance including alternative treatments, rehabilitation equipment and its proper use, and methods to evaluate treatment effects

    58 Mathematics
    Knowledge of numbers, their operations, and interrelationships including arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications

    50 Communications and Media
    Knowledge of media production, communication, and dissemination techniques and methods including alternative ways to inform and entertain via written, oral, and visual media

    46 Clerical
    Knowledge of administrative and clerical procedures and systems such as word processing systems, filing and records management systems, stenography and transcription, forms design principles, and other office procedures and terminology

    46 Administration and Management
    Knowledge of principles and processes involved in business and organizational planning, coordination, and execution. This includes strategic planning, resource allocation, manpower modeling, leadership techniques, and production methods

    46 Physics
    Knowledge and prediction of physical principles, laws, and applications including air, water, material dynamics, light, atomic principles, heat, electric theory, earth formations, and meteorological and related natural phenomena

    42 Computers and Electronics
    Knowledge of electric circuit boards, processors, chips, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming

    29 Food Production
    Knowledge of techniques and equipment for planting, growing, and harvesting of food for consumption including crop rotation methods, animal husbandry, and food storage/handling techniques

    13 Customer and Personal Service
    Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services including needs assessment techniques, quality service standards, alternative delivery systems, and customer satisfaction evaluation techniques

    13 Telecommunications
    Knowledge of transmission, broadcasting, switching, control, and operation of telecommunications systems

    8 Sociology and Anthropology
    Knowledge of group behavior and dynamics, societal trends and influences, cultures, their history, migrations, ethnicity, and origins

    8 Philosophy and Theology
    Knowledge of different philosophical systems and religions, including their basic principles, values, ethics, ways of thinking, customs, and practices, and their impact on human culture

    8 Personnel and Human Resources
    Knowledge of policies and practices involved in personnel/human resource functions. This includes recruitment, selection, training, and promotion regulations and procedures; compensation and benefits packages; labor relations and negotiation strategies; and personnel information systems

    4 Public Safety and Security
    Knowledge of weaponry, public safety, and security operations, rules, regulations, precautions, prevention, and the protection of people, data, and property

    4 Transportation
    Knowledge of principles and methods for moving people or goods by air, rail, sea, or road, including their relative costs, advantages, and limitations

    4 Law, Government and Jurisprudence
    Knowledge of laws, legal codes, court procedures, precedents, government regulations, executive orders, agency rules, and the democratic political process

    4 Production and Processing
    Knowledge of inputs, outputs, raw materials, waste, quality control, costs, and techniques for maximizing the manufacture and distribution of goods

    Skills elements are ranked by importance.

    92 Reading Comprehension
    Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents

    88 Instructing
    Teaching others how to do something

    88 Speaking
    Talking to others to effectively convey information

    83 Active Learning
    Working with new material or information to grasp its implications

    83 Science
    Using scientific methods to solve problems

    79 Critical Thinking
    Using logic and analysis to identify the strengths and weaknesses of different approaches

    79 Writing
    Communicating effectively with others in writing as indicated by the needs of the audience

    75 Information Gathering
    Knowing how to find information and identifying essential information

    75 Learning Strategies
    Using multiple approaches when learning or teaching new things

    71 Monitoring
    Assessing how well one is doing when learning or doing something

    71 Idea Generation
    Generating a number of different approaches to problems

    67 Mathematics
    Using mathematics to solve problems

    67 Active Listening
    Listening to what other people are saying and asking questions as appropriate

    67 Synthesis/Reorganization
    Reorganizing information to get a better approach to problems or tasks

    63 Solution Appraisal
    Observing and evaluating the outcomes of a problem solution to identify lessons learned or redirect efforts

    63 Information Organization
    Finding ways to structure or classify multiple pieces of information

    63 Problem Identification
    Identifying the nature of problems

    58 Identification of Key Causes
    Identifying the things that must be changed to achieve a goal

    58 Idea Evaluation
    Evaluating the likely success of an idea in relation to the demands of the situation

    54 Time Management
    Managing one's own time and the time of others

    54 Implementation Planning
    Developing approaches for implementing an idea

    54 Visioning
    Developing an image of how a system should work under ideal conditions

    50 Product Inspection
    Inspecting and evaluating the quality of products

    50 Judgment and Decision Making
    Weighing the relative costs and benefits of a potential action

    46 Social Perceptiveness
    Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react the way they do

    46 Systems Perception
    Determining when important changes have occurred in a system or are likely to occur

    38 Management of Financial Resources
    Determining how money will be spent to get the work done, and accounting for these expenditures

    38 Identifying Downstream Consequences
    Determining the long-term outcomes of a change in operations

    38 Coordination
    Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions

    33 Persuasion
    Persuading others to approach things differently

    33 Service Orientation
    Actively looking for ways to help people

    33 Equipment Selection
    Determining the kind of tools and equipment needed to do a job

    29 Management of Material Resources
    Obtaining and seeing to the appropriate use of equipment, facilities, and materials needed to do certain work

    29 Operation and Control
    Controlling operations of equipment or systems

    29 Negotiation
    Bringing others together and trying to reconcile differences

    29 Programming
    Writing computer programs for various purposes

    25 Testing
    Conducting tests to determine whether equipment, software, or procedures are operating as expected

    21 Operations Analysis
    Analyzing needs and product requirements to create a design

    21 Systems Evaluation
    Looking at many indicators of system performance, taking into account their accuracy

    21 Management of Personnel Resources
    Motivating, developing, and directing people as they work, identifying the best people for the job

    21 Technology Design
    Generating or adapting equipment and technology to serve user needs

    17 Operation Monitoring
    Watching gauges, dials, or other indicators to make sure a machine is working properly

    13 Equipment Maintenance
    Performing routine maintenance and determining when and what kind of maintenance is needed

    8 Troubleshooting
    Determining what is causing an operating error and deciding what to do about it

    8 Installation
    Installing equipment, machines, wiring, or programs to meet specifications

    4 Repairing
    Repairing machines or systems using the needed tools .

    Abilities elements are ranked by importance.

    100 Oral Expression
    The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand

    95 Speech Clarity
    The ability to speak clearly so that it is understandable to a listener

    95 Written Expression
    The ability to communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand

    90 Written Comprehension
    The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing

    85 Oral Comprehension
    The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences

    50 Deductive Reasoning
    The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to come up with logical answers. It involves deciding if an answer makes sense.

    50 Fluency of Ideas
    The ability to come up with a number of ideas about a given topic. It concerns the number of ideas produced and not the quality, correctness, or creativity of the ideas.

    35 Mathematical Reasoning
    The ability to understand and organize a problem and then to select a mathematical method or formula to solve the problem

    35 Inductive Reasoning
    The ability to combine separate pieces of information, or specific answers to problems, to form general rules or conclusions. It includes coming up with a logical explanation for why a series of seemingly unrelated events occur together.

    35 Originality
    The ability to come up with unusual or clever ideas about a given topic or situation, or to develop creative ways to solve a problem

    35 Near Vision
    The ability to see details of objects at a close range (within a few feet of the observer)

    35 Speech Recognition
    The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person

    30 Number Facility
    The ability to add, subtract, multiply, or divide quickly and correctly

    30 Problem Sensitivity
    The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.

    25 Selective Attention
    The ability to concentrate and not be distracted while performing a task over a period of time

    25 Time Sharing
    The ability to efficiently shift back and forth between two or more activities or sources of information (such as speech, sounds, touch, or other sources)

    25 Memorization
    The ability to remember information such as words, numbers, pictures, and procedures

    25 Trunk Strength
    The ability to use one's abdominal and lower back muscles to support part of the body repeatedly or continuously over time without "giving out" or fatiguing

    25 Auditory Attention
    The ability to focus on a single source of auditory (hearing) information in the presence of other distracting sounds

    25 Category Flexibility
    The ability to produce many rules so that each rule tells how to group (or combine) a set of things in a different way.

    20 Speed of Closure
    The ability to quickly make sense of information that seems to be without meaning or organization. It involves quickly combining and organizing different pieces of information into a meaningful pattern

    20 Far Vision
    The ability to see details at a distance

    20 Gross Body Coordination
    The ability to coordinate the movement of the arms, legs, and torso together in activities where the whole body is in motion

    20 Information Ordering
    The ability to correctly follow a given rule or set of rules in order to arrange things or actions in a certain order. The things or actions can include numbers, letters, words, pictures, procedures, sentences, and mathematical or logical operations.

    15 Glare Sensitivity
    The ability to see objects in the presence of glare or bright lighting

    15 Visualization
    The ability to imagine how something will look after it is moved around or when its parts are moved or rearranged

    15 Sound Localization
    The ability to tell the direction from which a sound originated

    15 Manual Dexterity
    The ability to quickly make coordinated movements of one hand, a hand together with its arm, or two hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble objects

    15 Wrist-Finger Speed
    The ability to make fast, simple, repeated movements of the fingers, hands, and wrists

    15 Flexibility of Closure
    The ability to identify or detect a known pattern (a figure, object, word, or sound) that is hidden in other distracting material

    10 Stamina
    The ability to exert one's self physically over long periods of time without getting winded or out of breath

    10 Response Orientation
    The ability to choose quickly and correctly between two or more movements in response to two or more signals (lights, sounds, pictures, etc.). It includes the speed with which the correct response is started with the hand, foot, or other body parts

    10 Arm-Hand Steadiness
    The ability to keep the hand and arm steady while making an arm movement or while holding the arm and hand in one position

    10 Hearing Sensitivity
    The ability to detect or tell the difference between sounds that vary over broad ranges of pitch and loudness

    10 Night Vision
    The ability to see under low light conditions

    10 Spatial Orientation
    The ability to know one's location in relation to the environment, or to know where other objects are in relation to one's self

    10 Finger Dexterity
    The ability to make precisely coordinated movements of the fingers of one or both hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble very small objects

    5 Perceptual Speed
    The ability to quickly and accurately compare letters, numbers, objects, pictures, or patterns. The things to be compared may be presented at the same time or one after the other. This ability also includes comparing a presented object with a remembered object

    5 Multilimb Coordination
    The ability to coordinate movements of two or more limbs together (for example, two arms, two legs, or one leg and one arm) while sitting, standing, or lying down. It does not involve performing the activities while the body is in motion

    5 Reaction Time
    The ability to quickly respond (with the hand, finger, or foot) to one signal (sound, light, picture, etc.) when it appears

    5 Speed of Limb Movement
    The ability to quickly move the arms or legs

    5 Static Strength
    The ability to exert maximum muscle force to lift, push, pull, or carry objects

    5 Extent Flexibility
    The ability to bend, stretch, twist, or reach out with the body, arms, and/or legs

    5 Gross Body Equilibrium
    The ability to keep or regain one's body balance or stay upright when in an unstable position

    5 Visual Color Discrimination
    The ability to match or detect differences between colors, including shades of color and brightness

    5 Peripheral Vision
    The ability to see objects or movement of objects to one's side when the eyes are focused forward

    5 Depth Perception
    The ability to judge which of several objects is closer or farther away from the observer, or to judge the distance between an object and the observer

    5 Control Precision
    The ability to quickly and repeatedly make precise adjustments in moving the controls of a machine or vehicle to exact positions

    Work activities elements are ranked by importance.

    100 Teaching Others
    Identifying educational needs, developing formal training programs or classes, and teaching or instructing others.

    79 Getting Information Needed to Do the Job
    Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.

    75 Coaching and Developing Others
    Identifying developmental needs of others and coaching or otherwise helping others to improve their knowledge or skills.

    71 Communicating With Other Workers
    Providing information to supervisors, fellow workers, and subordinates. This information can be exchanged face-to-face, in writing, or via telephone/electronic transfer.

    58 Communicating With Persons Outside Organization
    Communicating with persons outside the organization, representing the organization to customers, the public, government, and other external sources. This information can be exchanged face-to-face, in writing, or via telephone/electronic transfer.

    54 Processing Information
    Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, verifying, or processing information or data.

    54 Interpreting Meaning of Information to Others
    Translating or explaining what information means and how it can be understood or used to support responses or feedback to others.

    54 Establishing and Maintaining Relationships
    Developing constructive and cooperative working relationships with others.

    54 Documenting or Recording Information
    Entering, transcribing, recording, storing, or maintaining information in either written form or by electronic/magnetic recording.

    54 Judging Qualities of Things, Services, or People
    Making judgments about or assessing the value, importance, or quality of things or people.

    54 Implementing Ideas or Programs
    Conducting or carrying out work procedures and activities in accord with one's own ideas or information provided through directions/instructions for purposes of installing, modifying, preparing, delivering, constructing, integrating, finishing, or completing programs, systems, structures, or products.

    50 Updating and Using Job-Relevant Knowledge
    Keeping up-to-date technically and knowing one's own jobs' and related jobs' functions.

    50 Providing Consultation and Advice to Others
    Providing consultation and expert advice to management or other groups on technical, systems-related, or process related topics.

    50 Analyzing Data or Information
    Identifying underlying principles, reasons, or facts by breaking down information or data into separate parts.

    50 Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing
    Developing plans to accomplish work, and prioritizing and organizing one's own work.

    46 Making Decisions and Solving Problems
    Combining, evaluating, and reasoning with information and data to make decisions and solve problems. These processes involve making decisions about the relative importance of information and choosing the best solution.

    46 Guiding, Directing and Motivating Subordinates
    Providing guidance and direction to subordinates, including setting performance standards and monitoring subordinates.

    42 Estimating Needed Characteristics
    Estimating the Characteristics of Materials, Products, Events, or Information: Estimating sizes, distances, and quantities, or determining time, costs, resources, or materials needed to perform a work activity.

    42 Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events
    Identifying information received by making estimates or categorizations, recognizing differences or similarities, or sensing changes in circumstances or events.

    38 Performing For or Working With Public
    Performing for people or dealing directly with the public, including serving persons in restaurants and stores, and receiving clients or guests.

    38 Developing Objectives and Strategies
    Establishing long range objectives and specifying the strategies and actions to achieve these objectives.

    38 Scheduling Work and Activities
    Scheduling events, programs, activities, as well as the work of others.

    38 Evaluating Information Against Standards
    Evaluating information against a set of standards and verifying that it is correct.

    33 Monitor Processes, Material, or Surroundings
    Monitoring and reviewing information from materials, events, or the environment, often to detect problems or to find out when things are finished.

    33 Handling and Moving Objects
    Using one's own hands and arms in handling, installing, forming, positioning, and moving materials, or in manipulating things, including the use of keyboards.

    33 Coordinating Work and Activities of Others
    Coordinating members of a work group to accomplish tasks.

    33 Thinking Creatively
    Originating, inventing, designing, or creating new applications, ideas, relationships, systems, or products, including artistic contributions.

    29 Interacting With Computers
    Controlling computer functions by using programs, setting up functions, writing software, or otherwise communicating with computer systems.

    29 Assisting and Caring for Others
    Providing assistance or personal care to others.

    29 Performing Administrative Activities
    Approving requests, handling paperwork, and performing day-to-day administrative tasks.

    21 Developing and Building Teams
    Encouraging and building mutual trust, respect, and cooperation among team members.

    17 Selling or Influencing Others
    Convincing others to buy merchandise/goods, or otherwise changing their minds or actions.

    17 Inspecting Equipment, Structures, or Material
    Inspecting or diagnosing equipment, structures, or materials to identify the causes of errors or other problems or defects.

    17 Monitoring and Controlling Resources
    Monitoring and controlling resources and overseeing the spending of money.

    13 Controlling Machines and Processes
    Using either control mechanisms or direct physical activity to operate machines or processes (not including computers or vehicles).

    13 Performing General Physical Activities
    Performing physical activities that require moving one's whole body, such as in climbing, lifting, balancing, walking, stooping, where the activities often also require considerable use of the arms and legs, such as in the physical handling of materials.

    8 Drafting and Specifying Technical Devices
    Providing documentation, detailed instructions, drawings, or specifications to inform others about how devices, parts, equipment, or structures are to be fabricated, constructed, assembled, modified, maintained, or used.

    8 Staffing Organizational Units
    Recruiting, interviewing, selecting, hiring, and promoting persons for the organization.

    4 Repairing and Maintaining Electrical Equipment
    Fixing, servicing, adjusting, regulating, calibrating, fine-tuning, or testing machines, devices, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of electrical or electronic (not mechanical) principles.

    4 Resolving Conflict or Negotiating with Others
    Handling complaints, arbitrating disputes, and resolving grievances, or otherwise negotiating with others.

    Work context elements are ranked by frequency (F), importance (I), responsibility (R), amount of contact (C), how serious (S), objective vs. subjective (O), automation (A), extent of frustration (E), responsible for health and safety (H), likelihood of injury (L), degree of injury (D) .

    95 (F) Indoors
    How frequently does this job require the worker to work: Indoors

    72 (I) Importance of Being Sure All Is Done
    How important is it to be sure that all the details of this job are performed and everything is done completely?

    70 (C) Job-Required Social Interaction
    How much does this job require the worker to be in contact (face-to-face, by telephone, or otherwise) with others in order to perform it?

    68 (I) Supervise, Coach, Train Others
    How important are interactions requiring the worker to: Supervise, coach, train, or develop other employees?

    65 (F) Sitting
    How much time in a usual work period does the worker spend: Sitting?

    64 (I) Importance of Being Exact or Accurate
    How important is being very exact or highly accurate in performing this job?

    55 (F) Standing
    How much time in a usual work period does the worker spend: Standing?

    52 (I) Deal With External Customers
    How important are interactions requiring the worker to: Deal with external customers (e.g., retail sales) or the public in general (e.g., police work)?

    52 (I) Coordinate or Lead Others
    How important are interactions requiring the worker to: Coordinate or lead others in accomplishing work activities (not supervision)?

    48 (I) Provide a Service to Others
    How important are interactions requiring the worker to: Provide a service to others (e.g., customers)?

    40 (O) Objective or Subjective Information
    How objective or subjective is the information communicated in this job?

    40 (F) Using Hands on Objects, Tools, Controls
    How much time in a usual work period does the worker spend: Using hands to handle, control, or feel objects, tools or controls?

    40 (S) Consequence of Error
    How serious would the result usually be if the worker made a mistake that was not readily correctable?

    32 (I) Persuade Someone to a Course of Action
    How important are interactions requiring the worker to: Persuade someone to a course of action (informally) or influence others to buy something (to sell)?

    32 (I) Importance of Being Aware of New Events
    How important is being constantly aware of either frequently changing events (e.g. security guard watching for shoplifters) or infrequent events (e.g. radar operator watching for tornadoes) to performing this job?

    31 (R) Responsibility for Outcomes and Results
    How responsible is the worker for work outcomes and results of other workers?

    30 (F) Walking or Running
    How much time in a usual work period does the worker spend: Walking or running?

    25 (F) Deal With Unpleasant or Angry People
    How frequently does the worker have to deal with unpleasant, angry, or discourteous individuals as part of the job requirements?

    23 (E) Frustrating Circumstances
    To what extent do frustrating circumstances ("road blocks" to work that are beyond the worker's control) hinder the accomplishment of this job?

    16 (I) Take a Position Opposed to Others
    How important are interactions requiring the worker to: Take a position opposed to coworkers or others?

    15 (F) Outdoors
    How frequently does this job require the worker to work: Outdoors

    15 (F) Frequency in Conflict Situations
    How frequently do the job requirements place the worker in conflict situations?

    15 (F) Common Protective or Safety Attire
    How often does the worker wear: Common protective or safety attire, such as safety shoes, glasses, gloves, hearing protection, hard-hat, or personal flotation device?

    10 (F) Making Repetitive Motions
    How much time in a usual work period does the worker spend: Making repetitive motions?

    10 (F) Bending or Twisting the Body
    How much time in a usual work period does the worker spend: Bending or twisting the body?

    8 (I) Importance of Repeating Same Tasks
    How important is repeating the same physical activities (e.g., key entry) or mental activities (e.g., checking entries in a ledger) over and over, without stopping, to performing this job?

    5 (F) Sounds or Noise Levels Are Distracting
    How often during a usual work period is the worker exposed to the following conditions: Sounds and noise levels that are distracting and uncomfortable?

    5 (F) Extremely Bright or Inadequate Lighting
    How often during a usual work period is the worker exposed to the following conditions: Extremely bright or inadequate lighting conditions?

    5 (F) Hazardous Situations
    How often does this job require the worker to be exposed to harardous situations? Hazardous Situations involving likely cuts, bites, stings, or minor burns

    5 (F) Diseases or Infections
    How often does this job require the worker to be exposed to diseases/infection? Diseases/Infections (e.g., patient care, some laboratory work, sanitation control, etc.)

    5 (F) Keeping or Regaining Balance
    How much time in a usual work period does the worker spend: Keeping or regaining balance?

    5 (F) Hazardous Conditions
    How often does this job require the worker to be exposed to hazardous conditions? Hazardous Conditions (e.g., high voltage electricity, combustibles, explosives, chemicals; do not include hazardous equipment or situations)

    5 (F) Kneeling, Crouching or Crawling
    How much time in a usual work period does the worker spend: Kneeling, stooping, crouching or crawling?

    4 (D) Hazardous Conditions
    If injury, due to exposure to hazardous conditions, were to occur while performing this job, how serious would be the likely outcome? Hazardous Conditions (e.g., high voltage electricity, combustibles, explosives, chemicals; do not include hazardous equipment or situations)

    4 (D) Hazardous Situations
    If injury, due to exposure to hazardous situations, were to occur while performing this job, how serious would be the likely outcome? Hazardous Situations involving likely cuts, bites, stings, or minor burns

    3 (L) Diseases or Infections
    What is the likelihood that the worker would be injured as a result of being exposed to diseases/infections while performing this job? Diseases/Infections (e.g., patient care, some laboratory work, sanitation control, etc.)

    3 (L) Hazardous Situations
    What is the likelihood that the worker would be injured as a result of being exposed to hazardous situations while performing this job? Hazardous Situations involving likely cuts, bites, stings, or minor burns

    3 (L) Hazardous Conditions
    What is the likelihood that the worker would be injured as a result of being exposed to hazardous conditions while performing this job? Hazardous Conditions (e.g., high voltage electricity, combustibles, explosives, chemicals; do not include hazardous equipment or situations)

    Interest elements are ranked by occupational interest.

    83 Investigative
    Investigative occupations frequently involve working with ideas, and require an extensive amount of thinking. These occupations can involve searching for facts and figuring out problems mentally.

    67 Social
    Social occupations frequently involve working with, communicating with, and teaching people. These occupations often involve helping or providing service to others.

    44 Artistic
    Artistic occupations frequently involve working with forms, designs and patterns. They often require self-expression and the work can be done without following a clear set of rules.

    33 Realistic
    Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.

    28 Conventional
    Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow.

    22 Enterprising
    Enterprising occupations frequently involve starting up and carrying out projects. These occupations can involve leading people and making many decisions. Sometimes they require risk taking and often deal with business.

    Work values elements are ranked by extent.

    86 Achievement-Mean Extent
    Occupations that satisfy this work value are results oriented and allow employees to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment. Corresponding needs are Ability Utilization and Achievement.

    78 Independence-Mean Extent
    Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employs to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy.

    72 Relationships-Mean Extent
    Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to provide service to others and work with co-workers in a friendly non-competitive environment. Corresponding needs are Co-workers, Moral Values and Social Service.

    69 Recognition-Mean Extent
    Occupations that satisfy this work value offer advancement, potential for leadership, and are often considered prestigious. Corresponding needs are Advancement, Authority, Recognition and Social Status.

    59 Working Conditions-Mean Extent
    Occupations that satisfy this work value offer job security and good working conditions. Corresponding needs are Activity, Compensation, Independence, Security, Variety and Working Conditions.

    49 Support-Mean Extent
    Occupations that satisfy this work value offer supportive management that stands behind employees. Corresponding needs are Company Policies, Supervision: Human Relations and Supervision: Technical.

    88 Achievement
    Workers on this job get a feeling of accomplishment

    84 Ability Utilization
    Workers on this job make use of their individual abilities

    81 Authority
    Workers on this job give directions and instructions to others

    78 Social Service
    Workers on this job have work where they do things for other people

    78 Creativity
    Workers on this job try out their own ideas

    78 Responsibility
    Workers on this job make decisions on their own

    78 Social Status
    Workers on this job are looked up to by others in their company and their community

    78 Working Conditions
    Workers on this job have good working conditions

    78 Autonomy
    Workers on this job plan their work with little supervision

    75 Co-workers
    Workers on this job have co-workers who are easy to get along with

    72 Company Policies and Practices
    Workers on this job are treated fairly by the company

    69 Recognition
    Workers on this job receive recognition for the work they do

    66 Security
    Workers on this job have steady employment

    63 Moral Values
    Workers on this job are never pressured to do things that go against their sense of right and wrong

    59 Variety
    Workers on this job have something different to do every day

    59 Activity
    Workers on this job are busy all the time

    56 Compensation
    Workers on this job are paid well in comparison with other workers

    53 Supervision, Human Relations
    Workers on this job have supervisors who back up their workers with management

    47 Advancement
    Workers on this job have opportunities for advancement

    34 Independence
    Workers on this job do their work alone

    22 Supervision, Technical
    Workers on this job have supervisors who train their workers well

    DOT91 (Dictionary of Occupational Titles): 090227010 Faculty Member, College or University

    AIM97 (Apprenticeship Information Management): No crosswalks

    CEN90 (1990 Census Occupations): 154 Postsecondary Teachers, Subject Not Specified

    CIP90 (Classification of Instructional Programs): 511311 Medical Nutrition
    020401 Plant Sciences, General
    260601 Anatomy
    020402 Agronomy and Crop Science
    260603 Ecology
    020407 Agricultural Plant Physiology
    260607 Marine/Aquatic Biology
    511401 Medical Clinical Sciences (M.S., Ph.D.)
    260608 Neuroscience
    260609 Nutritional Sciences
    020406 Agricultural Plant Pathology
    511312 Medical Pathology
    260613 Genetics, Plant and Animal
    511306 Medical Genetics
    020403 Horticulture Science
    511307 Medical Immunology
    260614 Biometrics
    260610 Parasitology
    511304 Medical Physics/Biophysics
    260611 Radiation Biology/Radiobiology
    030601 Wildlife and Wildlands Management
    020405 Plant Breeding and Genetics
    260612 Toxicology
    260101 Biology, General
    030501 Forestry, General
    260203 Biophysics
    030301 Fishing and Fisheries Sciences and Management
    030201 Natural Resources Management and Policy
    512961 Sports Medicine Residency
    030102 Environmental Science/Studies
    260202 Biochemistry
    260301 Botany, General
    030101 Natural Resources Conservation, General
    260305 Plant Pathology
    511305 Medical Cell Biology
    260402 Molecular Biology
    020501 Soil Sciences
    260501 Microbiology/Bacteriology
    511314 Medical Toxicology
    030502 Forestry Sciences
    020409 Range Science and Management
    511310 Medical Neurobiology
    030506 Forest Management
    260401 Cell Biology
    511308 Medical Microbiology
    511309 Medical Molecular Biology
    260307 Plant Physiology
    020408 Plant Protection (Pest Management)
    511303 Medical Biomathematics and Biometrics
    300101 Biological and Physical Sciences
    512939 Occupational Medicine Residency
    512938 Obstetrics and Gynecology Residency
    512937 Nuclear Radiology Residency
    512936 Nuclear Medicine Residency
    512964 Vascular Surgery Residency
    512935 Neuropathology Residency
    301101 Gerontology
    512934 Neurology Residency
    512927 Infectious Disease Residency
    301001 Biopsychology
    512942 Orthopedics/Orthopedic Surgery Residency
    511399 Basic Medical Sciences, Other
    020101 Agriculture/Agricultural Sciences, General
    512933 Neurological Surgery/Neurosurgery Residency
    512916 Emergency Medicine Residency
    512931 Neonatal-Perinatal Medicine Residency
    260616 Biotechnology Research
    512929 Laboratory Medicine Residency
    020201 Animal Sciences, General
    512928 Internal Medicine Residency
    511313 Medical Physiology
    512951 Pediatrics Residency
    512960 Rheumatology Residency
    512962 Thoracic Surgery Residency
    512959 Radioisotopic Pathology Residency
    512958 Radiation Oncology Residency
    512957 Pulmonary Disease Residency
    512963 Urology Residency
    512956 Public Health Medicine Residency
    512955 Psychiatry Residency
    512954 Preventive Medicine Residency
    512940 Oncology Residency
    512952 Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine Residency
    512941 Ophthalmology Residency
    512950 Pediatric Surgery Residency
    512949 Pediatric Orthopedics Residency
    512948 Pediatric Nephrology Residency
    512947 Pediatric Hemato-Oncology Residency
    512946 Pediatric Endocrinology Residency
    512945 Pediatric Cardiology Residency
    512944 Pathology Residency
    512943 Otolaryngology Residency
    512930 Musculoskeletal Oncology Residency
    512953 Plastic Surgery Residency
    020209 Poultry Science
    020204 Agricultural Animal Nutrition
    512932 Nephrology Residency
    260705 Pharmacology, Human and Animal
    512910 Critical Care Anesthesiology Residency
    020205 Agricultural Animal Physiology
    512909 Colon and Rectal Surgery Residency
    512908 Child Psychiatry Residency
    260704 Pathology, Human and Animal
    512907 Child/Pediatric Neurology Residency
    260702 Entomology
    260701 Zoology, General
    512926 Immunopathology Residency
    512906 Chemical Pathology Residency
    260706 Physiology, Human and Animal
    511301 Medical Anatomy
    512905 Cardiology Residency
    512904 Blood Banking Residency
    512903 Anesthesiology Residency
    020301 Food Sciences and Tech.
    512902 Allergies and Immunology Residency
    512901 Aerospace Medicine Residency
    511302 Medical Biochemistry
    260619 Virology
    260618 Biological Immunology
    260617 Evolutionary Biology
    020206 Dairy Science
    020202 Agricultural Animal Breeding and Genetics
    512923 Hand Surgery Residency
    512922 Geriatric Medicine Residency
    512921 General Surgery Residency
    512920 Gastroenterology Residency
    512919 Forensic Pathology Residency
    020203 Agricultural Animal Health
    512925 Hematological Pathology Residency
    512924 Hematology Residency
    512911 Critical Care Medicine Residency
    512918 Family Medicine Residency
    512917 Endocrinology and Metabolism Residency
    512203 Epidemiology
    512915 Diagnostic Radiology Residency
    511201 Medicine (M.D.)
    512914 Dermatopathology Residency
    512913 Dermatology Residency
    512912 Critical Care Surgery Residency

    GOE93 (Guide for Occupational Exploration): 110201 Educational and Library Services: Teaching and Instructing, General

    MOC97 (Military Occupational Codes): 3255 Instructor, Academic (Physical Science)
    3260 Instructor, Engineering
    3260 Instructor, Engineering
    3251 Instructor, Academic
    3251 Instructor, Academic
    3277 Professor of Naval Science
    3254 Instructor, Academic (Social Science)
    47B USMA, Academy Professor
    47A USMA Permanent Professor
    9622 Chemical Engineer
    81T0 Instructor

    OES98 (Occupational Employment Statistics): 31201 Agricultural Sciences Teachers, Postsecondary
    31202 Life Sciences Teachers, Postsecondary

    OPM97 (Office of Personnel Management Occupations): 1710 Education and Vocational Training

    SOC98 (Standard Occupational Classification): 25-1043 Forestry and Conservation Science Teachers, Postsecondary
    25-1042 Biological Science Teachers, Postsecondary
    25-1041 Agricultural Sciences Teachers, Postsecondary

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