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TITLE: Doctors Of Medicine (MD)

DEFINITION: Diagnose illness and prescribe and administer treatment for injury and disease. Exclude doctors of osteopathy, psychiatrists, anesthesiologists, surgeons, and pathologists.



    1. Examines or conducts tests on patient to provide information on medical condition.

    2. Analyzes records, reports, test results, or examination information to diagnose medical condition of patient.

    3. Prescribes or administers treatment, therapy, medication, vaccination, and other specialized medical care to treat or prevent illness, disease, or injury.

    4. Monitors patients' condition and progress and re-evaluates treatments as necessary.

    5. Explains procedures and discusses test results on prescribed treatments with patents.

    6. Operates on patients to remove, repair, or improve functioning of diseased or injured body parts and systems and delivers babies.

    7. Collects, records, and maintains patient information, such as medical history, reports, and examination results.

    8. Refers patient to medical specialist or other practitioner when necessary.

    9. Advises patients and community concerning diet, activity, hygiene, and disease prevention.

    10. Plans, implements, or administers health programs or standards in hospital, business, or community for information, prevention, or treatment of injury or illness.

    11. Directs and coordinates activities of nurses, students, assistants, specialists, therapists, and other medical staff.

    12. Prepares reports for government or management of birth, death, and disease statistics, workforce evaluations, or medical status of individuals.

    13. Conducts research to study anatomy and develop or test medications, treatments, or procedures to prevent, or control disease or injury.

    Knowledge elements are ranked by importance.

    100 Medicine and Dentistry
    Knowledge of the information and techniques needed to diagnose and treat injuries, diseases, and deformities. This includes symptoms, treatment alternatives, drug properties and interactions, and preventive health-care measures

    90 Biology
    Knowledge of plant and animal living tissue, cells, organisms, and entities, including their functions, interdependencies, and interactions with each other and the environment

    75 English Language
    Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar

    70 Therapy and Counseling
    Knowledge of information and techniques needed to rehabilitate physical and mental ailments and to provide career guidance including alternative treatments, rehabilitation equipment and its proper use, and methods to evaluate treatment effects

    65 Administration and Management
    Knowledge of principles and processes involved in business and organizational planning, coordination, and execution. This includes strategic planning, resource allocation, manpower modeling, leadership techniques, and production methods

    60 Chemistry
    Knowledge of the composition, structure, and properties of substances and of the chemical processes and transformations that they undergo. This includes uses of chemicals and their interactions, danger signs, production techniques, and disposal methods

    55 Personnel and Human Resources
    Knowledge of policies and practices involved in personnel/human resource functions. This includes recruitment, selection, training, and promotion regulations and procedures; compensation and benefits packages; labor relations and negotiation strategies; and personnel information systems

    55 Education and Training
    Knowledge of instructional methods and training techniques including curriculum design principles, learning theory, group and individual teaching techniques, design of individual development plans, and test design principles

    55 Psychology
    Knowledge of human behavior and performance, mental processes, psychological research methods, and the assessment and treatment of behavioral and affective disorders

    50 Mathematics
    Knowledge of numbers, their operations, and interrelationships including arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications

    35 Customer and Personal Service
    Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services including needs assessment techniques, quality service standards, alternative delivery systems, and customer satisfaction evaluation techniques

    35 Computers and Electronics
    Knowledge of electric circuit boards, processors, chips, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming

    35 Physics
    Knowledge and prediction of physical principles, laws, and applications including air, water, material dynamics, light, atomic principles, heat, electric theory, earth formations, and meteorological and related natural phenomena

    30 Sociology and Anthropology
    Knowledge of group behavior and dynamics, societal trends and influences, cultures, their history, migrations, ethnicity, and origins

    30 Clerical
    Knowledge of administrative and clerical procedures and systems such as word processing systems, filing and records management systems, stenography and transcription, forms design principles, and other office procedures and terminology

    25 Engineering and Technology
    Knowledge of equipment, tools, mechanical devices, and their uses to produce motion, light, power, technology, and other applications

    20 Communications and Media
    Knowledge of media production, communication, and dissemination techniques and methods including alternative ways to inform and entertain via written, oral, and visual media

    15 Law, Government and Jurisprudence
    Knowledge of laws, legal codes, court procedures, precedents, government regulations, executive orders, agency rules, and the democratic political process

    15 Public Safety and Security
    Knowledge of weaponry, public safety, and security operations, rules, regulations, precautions, prevention, and the protection of people, data, and property

    10 Telecommunications
    Knowledge of transmission, broadcasting, switching, control, and operation of telecommunications systems

    10 Foreign Language
    Knowledge of the structure and content of a foreign (non-English) language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition and grammar, and pronunciation

    10 Production and Processing
    Knowledge of inputs, outputs, raw materials, waste, quality control, costs, and techniques for maximizing the manufacture and distribution of goods

    10 Mechanical
    Knowledge of machines and tools, including their designs, uses, benefits, repair, and maintenance

    5 Economics and Accounting
    Knowledge of economic and accounting principles and practices, the financial markets, banking, and the analysis and reporting of financial data

    5 Design
    Knowledge of design techniques, principles, tools and instruments involved in the production and use of precision technical plans, blueprints, drawings, and models

    5 Philosophy and Theology
    Knowledge of different philosophical systems and religions, including their basic principles, values, ethics, ways of thinking, customs, and practices, and their impact on human culture

    Skills elements are ranked by importance.

    100 Reading Comprehension
    Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents

    95 Identification of Key Causes
    Identifying the things that must be changed to achieve a goal

    90 Problem Identification
    Identifying the nature of problems

    90 Science
    Using scientific methods to solve problems

    90 Judgment and Decision Making
    Weighing the relative costs and benefits of a potential action

    85 Active Listening
    Listening to what other people are saying and asking questions as appropriate

    85 Speaking
    Talking to others to effectively convey information

    85 Critical Thinking
    Using logic and analysis to identify the strengths and weaknesses of different approaches

    85 Information Gathering
    Knowing how to find information and identifying essential information

    85 Solution Appraisal
    Observing and evaluating the outcomes of a problem solution to identify lessons learned or redirect efforts

    80 Active Learning
    Working with new material or information to grasp its implications

    80 Monitoring
    Assessing how well one is doing when learning or doing something

    75 Idea Evaluation
    Evaluating the likely success of an idea in relation to the demands of the situation

    75 Coordination
    Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions

    75 Mathematics
    Using mathematics to solve problems

    75 Writing
    Communicating effectively with others in writing as indicated by the needs of the audience

    75 Identifying Downstream Consequences
    Determining the long-term outcomes of a change in operations

    70 Systems Perception
    Determining when important changes have occurred in a system or are likely to occur

    70 Social Perceptiveness
    Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react the way they do

    65 Systems Evaluation
    Looking at many indicators of system performance, taking into account their accuracy

    65 Instructing
    Teaching others how to do something

    65 Implementation Planning
    Developing approaches for implementing an idea

    60 Information Organization
    Finding ways to structure or classify multiple pieces of information

    60 Learning Strategies
    Using multiple approaches when learning or teaching new things

    60 Product Inspection
    Inspecting and evaluating the quality of products

    60 Time Management
    Managing one's own time and the time of others

    60 Service Orientation
    Actively looking for ways to help people

    55 Visioning
    Developing an image of how a system should work under ideal conditions

    55 Management of Personnel Resources
    Motivating, developing, and directing people as they work, identifying the best people for the job

    55 Idea Generation
    Generating a number of different approaches to problems

    55 Persuasion
    Persuading others to approach things differently

    55 Equipment Selection
    Determining the kind of tools and equipment needed to do a job

    50 Operation and Control
    Controlling operations of equipment or systems

    50 Testing
    Conducting tests to determine whether equipment, software, or procedures are operating as expected

    50 Synthesis/Reorganization
    Reorganizing information to get a better approach to problems or tasks

    40 Operation Monitoring
    Watching gauges, dials, or other indicators to make sure a machine is working properly

    40 Troubleshooting
    Determining what is causing an operating error and deciding what to do about it

    30 Management of Material Resources
    Obtaining and seeing to the appropriate use of equipment, facilities, and materials needed to do certain work

    30 Negotiation
    Bringing others together and trying to reconcile differences

    30 Operations Analysis
    Analyzing needs and product requirements to create a design

    30 Repairing
    Repairing machines or systems using the needed tools

    20 Management of Financial Resources
    Determining how money will be spent to get the work done, and accounting for these expenditures

    20 Technology Design
    Generating or adapting equipment and technology to serve user needs

    15 Equipment Maintenance
    Performing routine maintenance and determining when and what kind of maintenance is needed

    10 Installation
    Installing equipment, machines, wiring, or programs to meet specifications

    10 Programming
    Writing computer programs for various purposes .

    Abilities elements are ranked by importance.

    100 Inductive Reasoning
    The ability to combine separate pieces of information, or specific answers to problems, to form general rules or conclusions. It includes coming up with a logical explanation for why a series of seemingly unrelated events occur together.

    90 Oral Expression
    The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand

    90 Manual Dexterity
    The ability to quickly make coordinated movements of one hand, a hand together with its arm, or two hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble objects

    90 Arm-Hand Steadiness
    The ability to keep the hand and arm steady while making an arm movement or while holding the arm and hand in one position

    90 Problem Sensitivity
    The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.

    90 Near Vision
    The ability to see details of objects at a close range (within a few feet of the observer)

    85 Written Comprehension
    The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing

    80 Oral Comprehension
    The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences

    80 Information Ordering
    The ability to correctly follow a given rule or set of rules in order to arrange things or actions in a certain order. The things or actions can include numbers, letters, words, pictures, procedures, sentences, and mathematical or logical operations.

    80 Speech Clarity
    The ability to speak clearly so that it is understandable to a listener

    75 Written Expression
    The ability to communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand

    75 Finger Dexterity
    The ability to make precisely coordinated movements of the fingers of one or both hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble very small objects

    70 Deductive Reasoning
    The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to come up with logical answers. It involves deciding if an answer makes sense.

    70 Speed of Closure
    The ability to quickly make sense of information that seems to be without meaning or organization. It involves quickly combining and organizing different pieces of information into a meaningful pattern

    65 Wrist-Finger Speed
    The ability to make fast, simple, repeated movements of the fingers, hands, and wrists

    65 Multilimb Coordination
    The ability to coordinate movements of two or more limbs together (for example, two arms, two legs, or one leg and one arm) while sitting, standing, or lying down. It does not involve performing the activities while the body is in motion

    55 Control Precision
    The ability to quickly and repeatedly make precise adjustments in moving the controls of a machine or vehicle to exact positions

    55 Mathematical Reasoning
    The ability to understand and organize a problem and then to select a mathematical method or formula to solve the problem

    55 Fluency of Ideas
    The ability to come up with a number of ideas about a given topic. It concerns the number of ideas produced and not the quality, correctness, or creativity of the ideas.

    55 Number Facility
    The ability to add, subtract, multiply, or divide quickly and correctly

    55 Visual Color Discrimination
    The ability to match or detect differences between colors, including shades of color and brightness

    50 Flexibility of Closure
    The ability to identify or detect a known pattern (a figure, object, word, or sound) that is hidden in other distracting material

    50 Speed of Limb Movement
    The ability to quickly move the arms or legs

    50 Response Orientation
    The ability to choose quickly and correctly between two or more movements in response to two or more signals (lights, sounds, pictures, etc.). It includes the speed with which the correct response is started with the hand, foot, or other body parts

    45 Auditory Attention
    The ability to focus on a single source of auditory (hearing) information in the presence of other distracting sounds

    45 Reaction Time
    The ability to quickly respond (with the hand, finger, or foot) to one signal (sound, light, picture, etc.) when it appears

    45 Category Flexibility
    The ability to produce many rules so that each rule tells how to group (or combine) a set of things in a different way.

    45 Memorization
    The ability to remember information such as words, numbers, pictures, and procedures

    45 Time Sharing
    The ability to efficiently shift back and forth between two or more activities or sources of information (such as speech, sounds, touch, or other sources)

    45 Selective Attention
    The ability to concentrate and not be distracted while performing a task over a period of time

    40 Hearing Sensitivity
    The ability to detect or tell the difference between sounds that vary over broad ranges of pitch and loudness

    40 Originality
    The ability to come up with unusual or clever ideas about a given topic or situation, or to develop creative ways to solve a problem

    40 Perceptual Speed
    The ability to quickly and accurately compare letters, numbers, objects, pictures, or patterns. The things to be compared may be presented at the same time or one after the other. This ability also includes comparing a presented object with a remembered object

    40 Extent Flexibility
    The ability to bend, stretch, twist, or reach out with the body, arms, and/or legs

    35 Depth Perception
    The ability to judge which of several objects is closer or farther away from the observer, or to judge the distance between an object and the observer

    30 Sound Localization
    The ability to tell the direction from which a sound originated

    30 Dynamic Strength
    The ability to exert muscle force repeatedly or continuously over time. This involves muscular endurance and resistance to muscle fatigue

    30 Static Strength
    The ability to exert maximum muscle force to lift, push, pull, or carry objects

    30 Speech Recognition
    The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person

    30 Trunk Strength
    The ability to use one's abdominal and lower back muscles to support part of the body repeatedly or continuously over time without "giving out" or fatiguing

    25 Visualization
    The ability to imagine how something will look after it is moved around or when its parts are moved or rearranged

    25 Gross Body Coordination
    The ability to coordinate the movement of the arms, legs, and torso together in activities where the whole body is in motion

    25 Spatial Orientation
    The ability to know one's location in relation to the environment, or to know where other objects are in relation to one's self

    20 Far Vision
    The ability to see details at a distance

    20 Explosive Strength
    The ability to use short bursts of muscle force to propel oneself (as in jumping or sprinting), or to throw an object

    20 Gross Body Equilibrium
    The ability to keep or regain one's body balance or stay upright when in an unstable position

    20 Stamina
    The ability to exert one's self physically over long periods of time without getting winded or out of breath

    15 Glare Sensitivity
    The ability to see objects in the presence of glare or bright lighting

    15 Rate Control
    The ability to time the adjustments of a movement or equipment control in anticipation of changes in the speed and/or direction of a continuously moving object or scene

    10 Night Vision
    The ability to see under low light conditions

    10 Dynamic Flexibility
    The ability to quickly and repeatedly bend, stretch, twist, or reach out with the body, arms, and/or legs

    10 Peripheral Vision
    The ability to see objects or movement of objects to one's side when the eyes are focused forward

    Work activities elements are ranked by importance.

    100 Monitor Processes, Material, or Surroundings
    Monitoring and reviewing information from materials, events, or the environment, often to detect problems or to find out when things are finished.

    95 Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events
    Identifying information received by making estimates or categorizations, recognizing differences or similarities, or sensing changes in circumstances or events.

    95 Analyzing Data or Information
    Identifying underlying principles, reasons, or facts by breaking down information or data into separate parts.

    95 Making Decisions and Solving Problems
    Combining, evaluating, and reasoning with information and data to make decisions and solve problems. These processes involve making decisions about the relative importance of information and choosing the best solution.

    95 Getting Information Needed to Do the Job
    Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.

    95 Assisting and Caring for Others
    Providing assistance or personal care to others.

    85 Documenting or Recording Information
    Entering, transcribing, recording, storing, or maintaining information in either written form or by electronic/magnetic recording.

    85 Implementing Ideas or Programs
    Conducting or carrying out work procedures and activities in accord with one's own ideas or information provided through directions/instructions for purposes of installing, modifying, preparing, delivering, constructing, integrating, finishing, or completing programs, systems, structures, or products.

    80 Updating and Using Job-Relevant Knowledge
    Keeping up-to-date technically and knowing one's own jobs' and related jobs' functions.

    80 Communicating With Persons Outside Organization
    Communicating with persons outside the organization, representing the organization to customers, the public, government, and other external sources. This information can be exchanged face-to-face, in writing, or via telephone/electronic transfer.

    75 Processing Information
    Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, verifying, or processing information or data.

    75 Performing For or Working With Public
    Performing for people or dealing directly with the public, including serving persons in restaurants and stores, and receiving clients or guests.

    75 Communicating With Other Workers
    Providing information to supervisors, fellow workers, and subordinates. This information can be exchanged face-to-face, in writing, or via telephone/electronic transfer.

    70 Providing Consultation and Advice to Others
    Providing consultation and expert advice to management or other groups on technical, systems-related, or process related topics.

    70 Judging Qualities of Things, Services, or People
    Making judgments about or assessing the value, importance, or quality of things or people.

    70 Evaluating Information Against Standards
    Evaluating information against a set of standards and verifying that it is correct.

    65 Interpreting Meaning of Information to Others
    Translating or explaining what information means and how it can be understood or used to support responses or feedback to others.

    65 Coordinating Work and Activities of Others
    Coordinating members of a work group to accomplish tasks.

    60 Handling and Moving Objects
    Using one's own hands and arms in handling, installing, forming, positioning, and moving materials, or in manipulating things, including the use of keyboards.

    55 Establishing and Maintaining Relationships
    Developing constructive and cooperative working relationships with others.

    50 Thinking Creatively
    Originating, inventing, designing, or creating new applications, ideas, relationships, systems, or products, including artistic contributions.

    50 Developing Objectives and Strategies
    Establishing long range objectives and specifying the strategies and actions to achieve these objectives.

    50 Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing
    Developing plans to accomplish work, and prioritizing and organizing one's own work.

    50 Performing General Physical Activities
    Performing physical activities that require moving one's whole body, such as in climbing, lifting, balancing, walking, stooping, where the activities often also require considerable use of the arms and legs, such as in the physical handling of materials.

    45 Estimating Needed Characteristics
    Estimating the Characteristics of Materials, Products, Events, or Information: Estimating sizes, distances, and quantities, or determining time, costs, resources, or materials needed to perform a work activity.

    45 Scheduling Work and Activities
    Scheduling events, programs, activities, as well as the work of others.

    35 Guiding, Directing and Motivating Subordinates
    Providing guidance and direction to subordinates, including setting performance standards and monitoring subordinates.

    35 Performing Administrative Activities
    Approving requests, handling paperwork, and performing day-to-day administrative tasks.

    35 Selling or Influencing Others
    Convincing others to buy merchandise/goods, or otherwise changing their minds or actions.

    30 Teaching Others
    Identifying educational needs, developing formal training programs or classes, and teaching or instructing others.

    30 Resolving Conflict or Negotiating with Others
    Handling complaints, arbitrating disputes, and resolving grievances, or otherwise negotiating with others.

    25 Coaching and Developing Others
    Identifying developmental needs of others and coaching or otherwise helping others to improve their knowledge or skills.

    25 Developing and Building Teams
    Encouraging and building mutual trust, respect, and cooperation among team members.

    25 Interacting With Computers
    Controlling computer functions by using programs, setting up functions, writing software, or otherwise communicating with computer systems.

    20 Controlling Machines and Processes
    Using either control mechanisms or direct physical activity to operate machines or processes (not including computers or vehicles).

    20 Inspecting Equipment, Structures, or Material
    Inspecting or diagnosing equipment, structures, or materials to identify the causes of errors or other problems or defects.

    15 Monitoring and Controlling Resources
    Monitoring and controlling resources and overseeing the spending of money.

    10 Drafting and Specifying Technical Devices
    Providing documentation, detailed instructions, drawings, or specifications to inform others about how devices, parts, equipment, or structures are to be fabricated, constructed, assembled, modified, maintained, or used.

    10 Staffing Organizational Units
    Recruiting, interviewing, selecting, hiring, and promoting persons for the organization.

    5 Repairing and Maintaining Mechanical Equipment
    Fixing, servicing, aligning, setting up, adjusting, and testing machines, devices, moving parts, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of mechanical (not electronic) principles.

    5 Repairing and Maintaining Electrical Equipment
    Fixing, servicing, adjusting, regulating, calibrating, fine-tuning, or testing machines, devices, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of electrical or electronic (not mechanical) principles.

    Work context elements are ranked by frequency (F), importance (I), responsibility (R), amount of contact (C), how serious (S), objective vs. subjective (O), automation (A), extent of frustration (E), responsible for health and safety (H), likelihood of injury (L), degree of injury (D) .

    100 (F) Indoors
    How frequently does this job require the worker to work: Indoors

    100 (I) Importance of Being Exact or Accurate
    How important is being very exact or highly accurate in performing this job?

    96 (I) Importance of Being Sure All Is Done
    How important is it to be sure that all the details of this job are performed and everything is done completely?

    95 (F) Special Uniform
    How often does the worker wear: A special uniform, such as that of a commercial pilot, nurse, police officer, or military personnel?

    90 (C) Job-Required Social Interaction
    How much does this job require the worker to be in contact (face-to-face, by telephone, or otherwise) with others in order to perform it?

    88 (I) Provide a Service to Others
    How important are interactions requiring the worker to: Provide a service to others (e.g., customers)?

    87 (S) Consequence of Error
    How serious would the result usually be if the worker made a mistake that was not readily correctable?

    86 (H) Responsible for Health and Safety of Others
    How responsible is the worker for others' health and safety on this job?

    85 (F) Diseases or Infections
    How often does this job require the worker to be exposed to diseases/infection? Diseases/Infections (e.g., patient care, some laboratory work, sanitation control, etc.)

    76 (I) Deal With External Customers
    How important are interactions requiring the worker to: Deal with external customers (e.g., retail sales) or the public in general (e.g., police work)?

    75 (F) Common Protective or Safety Attire
    How often does the worker wear: Common protective or safety attire, such as safety shoes, glasses, gloves, hearing protection, hard-hat, or personal flotation device?

    75 (F) Using Hands on Objects, Tools, Controls
    How much time in a usual work period does the worker spend: Using hands to handle, control, or feel objects, tools or controls?

    65 (F) Standing
    How much time in a usual work period does the worker spend: Standing?

    64 (I) Supervise, Coach, Train Others
    How important are interactions requiring the worker to: Supervise, coach, train, or develop other employees?

    60 (I) Coordinate or Lead Others
    How important are interactions requiring the worker to: Coordinate or lead others in accomplishing work activities (not supervision)?

    60 (L) Diseases or Infections
    What is the likelihood that the worker would be injured as a result of being exposed to diseases/infections while performing this job? Diseases/Infections (e.g., patient care, some laboratory work, sanitation control, etc.)

    55 (F) Walking or Running
    How much time in a usual work period does the worker spend: Walking or running?

    52 (I) Persuade Someone to a Course of Action
    How important are interactions requiring the worker to: Persuade someone to a course of action (informally) or influence others to buy something (to sell)?

    50 (F) Bending or Twisting the Body
    How much time in a usual work period does the worker spend: Bending or twisting the body?

    50 (F) Sitting
    How much time in a usual work period does the worker spend: Sitting?

    49 (R) Responsibility for Outcomes and Results
    How responsible is the worker for work outcomes and results of other workers?

    48 (I) Importance of Being Aware of New Events
    How important is being constantly aware of either frequently changing events (e.g. security guard watching for shoplifters) or infrequent events (e.g. radar operator watching for tornadoes) to performing this job?

    47 (E) Frustrating Circumstances
    To what extent do frustrating circumstances ("road blocks" to work that are beyond the worker's control) hinder the accomplishment of this job?

    40 (F) Frequency in Conflict Situations
    How frequently do the job requirements place the worker in conflict situations?

    40 (F) Deal With Unpleasant or Angry People
    How frequently does the worker have to deal with unpleasant, angry, or discourteous individuals as part of the job requirements?

    40 (D) Diseases or Infections
    If injury, due to exposure to diseases/infection, were to occur while performing this job, how serious would be the likely outcome? Diseases/Infections (e.g., patient care, some laboratory work, sanitation control, etc.)

    35 (F) Hazardous Situations
    How often does this job require the worker to be exposed to harardous situations? Hazardous Situations involving likely cuts, bites, stings, or minor burns

    33 (A) Degree of Automation
    Indicate the level of automation of this job.

    33 (O) Objective or Subjective Information
    How objective or subjective is the information communicated in this job?

    30 (F) Kneeling, Crouching or Crawling
    How much time in a usual work period does the worker spend: Kneeling, stooping, crouching or crawling?

    30 (F) Hazardous Conditions
    How often does this job require the worker to be exposed to hazardous conditions? Hazardous Conditions (e.g., high voltage electricity, combustibles, explosives, chemicals; do not include hazardous equipment or situations)

    30 (F) Radiation
    How often does this job require the worker to be exposed to radiation?

    28 (I) Importance of Repeating Same Tasks
    How important is repeating the same physical activities (e.g., key entry) or mental activities (e.g., checking entries in a ledger) over and over, without stopping, to performing this job?

    28 (I) Take a Position Opposed to Others
    How important are interactions requiring the worker to: Take a position opposed to coworkers or others?

    25 (F) Contaminants
    How often during a usual work period is the worker exposed to the following conditions: Contaminants (pollutants, gases, dust, odors, etc.)?

    25 (F) Making Repetitive Motions
    How much time in a usual work period does the worker spend: Making repetitive motions?

    24 (I) Pace Determined by Speed of Equipment
    How important is it to this job that the pace is determined by the speed of equipment or machinery? (This does not refer to keeping busy at all times on this job.)

    23 (L) Hazardous Situations
    What is the likelihood that the worker would be injured as a result of being exposed to hazardous situations while performing this job? Hazardous Situations involving likely cuts, bites, stings, or minor burns

    20 (F) Hazardous Equipment
    How often does this job require the worker to be exposed to harardous equipment? Hazardous Equipment (e.g., saws, machinery/mechanical parts include exposure to vehicular traffic, but not driving a vehicle)

    20 (F) Specialized Protective or Safety Attire
    How often does the worker wear: Specialized protective or safety attire, such as breathing apparatus, safety harness, full protection suit, or radiation protection?

    20 (F) Sounds or Noise Levels Are Distracting
    How often during a usual work period is the worker exposed to the following conditions: Sounds and noise levels that are distracting and uncomfortable?

    20 (F) Outdoors
    How frequently does this job require the worker to work: Outdoors

    20 (D) Hazardous Situations
    If injury, due to exposure to hazardous situations, were to occur while performing this job, how serious would be the likely outcome? Hazardous Situations involving likely cuts, bites, stings, or minor burns

    20 (F) Keeping or Regaining Balance
    How much time in a usual work period does the worker spend: Keeping or regaining balance?

    17 (L) Radiation
    What is the likelihood that the worker would be injured as a result of being exposed to radiation while performing this job?

    16 (D) Hazardous Conditions
    If injury, due to exposure to hazardous conditions, were to occur while performing this job, how serious would be the likely outcome? Hazardous Conditions (e.g., high voltage electricity, combustibles, explosives, chemicals; do not include hazardous equipment or situations)

    15 (F) Very Hot
    How often during a usual work period is the worker exposed to the following conditions: Very hot (above 90 F) or very cold (under 32 F) temperatures?

    11 (L) Hazardous Conditions
    What is the likelihood that the worker would be injured as a result of being exposed to hazardous conditions while performing this job? Hazardous Conditions (e.g., high voltage electricity, combustibles, explosives, chemicals; do not include hazardous equipment or situations)

    10 (F) Deal With Physically Aggressive People
    How frequently does this job require the worker to deal with physical aggression of violent individuals?

    10 (F) Extremely Bright or Inadequate Lighting
    How often during a usual work period is the worker exposed to the following conditions: Extremely bright or inadequate lighting conditions?

    9 (L) Hazardous Equipment
    What is the likelihood that the worker would be injured as a result of being exposed to hazardous equipment while performing this job? Hazardous Equipment (e.g., saws, machinery/mechanical parts include exposure to vehicular traffic, but not driving a vehicle)

    8 (D) Radiation
    If injury, due to exposure to radiation, were to occur while performing this job, how serious would be the likely outcome?

    8 (D) Hazardous Equipment
    If injury, due to exposure to hazardous equipment, were to occur while performing this job, how serious would be the likely outcome? Hazardous Equipment (e.g., saws, machinery/mechanical parts include exposure to vehicular traffic, but not driving a vehicle)

    5 (F) Cramped Work Space, Awkward Positions
    How often during a usual work period is the worker exposed to the following conditions: Cramped work space that requires getting into awkward positions?

    Interest elements are ranked by occupational interest.

    100 Investigative
    Investigative occupations frequently involve working with ideas, and require an extensive amount of thinking. These occupations can involve searching for facts and figuring out problems mentally.

    61 Enterprising
    Enterprising occupations frequently involve starting up and carrying out projects. These occupations can involve leading people and making many decisions. Sometimes they require risk taking and often deal with business.

    61 Social
    Social occupations frequently involve working with, communicating with, and teaching people. These occupations often involve helping or providing service to others.

    56 Realistic
    Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.

    44 Conventional
    Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow.

    39 Artistic
    Artistic occupations frequently involve working with forms, designs and patterns. They often require self-expression and the work can be done without following a clear set of rules.

    Work values elements are ranked by extent.

    100 Achievement-Mean Extent
    Occupations that satisfy this work value are results oriented and allow employees to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment. Corresponding needs are Ability Utilization and Achievement.

    85 Independence-Mean Extent
    Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employs to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy.

    76 Relationships-Mean Extent
    Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to provide service to others and work with co-workers in a friendly non-competitive environment. Corresponding needs are Co-workers, Moral Values and Social Service.

    76 Recognition-Mean Extent
    Occupations that satisfy this work value offer advancement, potential for leadership, and are often considered prestigious. Corresponding needs are Advancement, Authority, Recognition and Social Status.

    75 Working Conditions-Mean Extent
    Occupations that satisfy this work value offer job security and good working conditions. Corresponding needs are Activity, Compensation, Independence, Security, Variety and Working Conditions.

    26 Support-Mean Extent
    Occupations that satisfy this work value offer supportive management that stands behind employees. Corresponding needs are Company Policies, Supervision: Human Relations and Supervision: Technical.

    100 Social Service
    Workers on this job have work where they do things for other people

    100 Achievement
    Workers on this job get a feeling of accomplishment

    100 Ability Utilization
    Workers on this job make use of their individual abilities

    100 Social Status
    Workers on this job are looked up to by others in their company and their community

    97 Responsibility
    Workers on this job make decisions on their own

    94 Security
    Workers on this job have steady employment

    91 Compensation
    Workers on this job are paid well in comparison with other workers

    91 Autonomy
    Workers on this job plan their work with little supervision

    91 Activity
    Workers on this job are busy all the time

    91 Recognition
    Workers on this job receive recognition for the work they do

    78 Authority
    Workers on this job give directions and instructions to others

    78 Co-workers
    Workers on this job have co-workers who are easy to get along with

    75 Variety
    Workers on this job have something different to do every day

    69 Creativity
    Workers on this job try out their own ideas

    63 Working Conditions
    Workers on this job have good working conditions

    50 Moral Values
    Workers on this job are never pressured to do things that go against their sense of right and wrong

    38 Independence
    Workers on this job do their work alone

    34 Advancement
    Workers on this job have opportunities for advancement

    31 Company Policies and Practices
    Workers on this job are treated fairly by the company

    25 Supervision, Human Relations
    Workers on this job have supervisors who back up their workers with management

    22 Supervision, Technical
    Workers on this job have supervisors who train their workers well

    DOT91 (Dictionary of Occupational Titles): 070101042 Internist
    070101090 Radiologist
    070101102 Allergist-Immunologist
    070101098 Urologist
    070101062 Otolaryngologist
    070101026 Family Practitioner
    070101022 General Practitioner
    070101018 Dermatologist
    070101014 Cardiologist
    070101050 Neurologist
    070101086 Proctologist
    070101046 Public Health Physician
    070101058 Ophthalmologist
    070101034 Gynecologist
    070101066 Pediatrician
    070101070 Physiatrist
    070101078 Physician, Occupational
    070101082 Police Surgeon
    070101054 Obstetrician

    AIM97 (Apprenticeship Information Management): No crosswalks

    CEN90 (1990 Census Occupations): 084 Physicians

    CIP90 (Classification of Instructional Programs): 512962 Thoracic Surgery Residency
    512945 Pediatric Cardiology Residency
    511310 Medical Neurobiology
    512938 Obstetrics and Gynecology Residency
    512928 Internal Medicine Residency
    512931 Neonatal-Perinatal Medicine Residency
    512941 Ophthalmology Residency
    512911 Critical Care Medicine Residency
    512913 Dermatology Residency
    511307 Medical Immunology
    511201 Medicine (M.D.)
    512952 Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine Residency
    512963 Urology Residency
    512926 Immunopathology Residency
    512951 Pediatrics Residency
    512937 Nuclear Radiology Residency
    512905 Cardiology Residency
    512909 Colon and Rectal Surgery Residency
    512959 Radioisotopic Pathology Residency
    512939 Occupational Medicine Residency
    511401 Medical Clinical Sciences (M.S., Ph.D.)
    512948 Pediatric Nephrology Residency
    512947 Pediatric Hemato-Oncology Residency
    512957 Pulmonary Disease Residency
    512934 Neurology Residency
    512907 Child/Pediatric Neurology Residency
    512915 Diagnostic Radiology Residency
    512922 Geriatric Medicine Residency
    512958 Radiation Oncology Residency
    512916 Emergency Medicine Residency
    512999 Medical Residency Programs, Other
    512946 Pediatric Endocrinology Residency
    512918 Family Medicine Residency
    512943 Otolaryngology Residency
    512933 Neurological Surgery/Neurosurgery Residency
    512902 Allergies and Immunology Residency
    512956 Public Health Medicine Residency

    GOE93 (Guide for Occupational Exploration): 020301 Medical Sciences: Medicine and Surgery

    MOC97 (Military Occupational Codes): 0108 Family Physician
    0110 Flight Surgn
    0111 Dermatologist
    0026 Health Services Branch Clinic Director
    0166 Preventive Medicine Officer (Occupational)
    0163 Preventive Medicine Officer (Aerospace)
    0121 Neurologist
    0101 Internist
    0104 Intern
    0105 Pediatrician
    0102 General Practice Medical Officer
    0169 Preventive Medicine Officer (Public Health)
    0140 Nuclear Medicine Specialist
    0030 Health Science Research Officer
    0106 Health Services Resident
    0269 Urologist
    0229 Obstetrician-Gynecologist
    0135 Radiologist (Therapeutic)
    0259 Colon Rectal Surgn
    0131 Radiologist (Diagnostic)
    0249 Otolaryngologist
    0160 Preventive Medicine Officer
    0234 Ophthalmologist
    60A Operational Medicine
    60L Dermatologist
    61P Physiatrist
    61B Medical Oncologist/Hematologist
    60C Preventive Medicine Officer
    61A Nephrologist
    60B Nuclear Medicine Officer
    91 Physician
    60K Urologist
    60R Child Neurologist
    60P Pediatrician
    60M Allergist, Clinical Immunologist
    60F Pulmonary Disease Officer
    60G Gastroenterologist
    60H Cardiologist
    60Q Pediatric Cardiologist
    60V Neurologist
    60J Obstetrician and Gynecologist
    60T Otolaryngologist
    60S Ophthalmologist
    60D Occupational Medicine Officer
    61F Internist
    61N Flight Surgn
    71A Microbiology
    61H Family Physician
    61G Infectious Disease Officer
    62B Field Surgn
    61C Endocrinologist
    62A Emergency Physician
    61D Rheumatologist
    61Q Therapeutic Radiologist
    61R Diagnostic Radiogist
    44M4H Internist
    44M4G Internist
    44M4J Internist
    44M4F Internist
    44M4E Internist
    44M4D Internist
    44M3E Internist
    44M4C Internist
    44M4B Internist
    44M3F Internist
    44M4A Internist
    44M3G Internist
    44M3H Internist
    44M3J Internist
    44N1 Neurologist
    44K1D Pediatrician
    44K4F Pediatrician
    44K3E Pediatrician
    44K3D Pediatrician
    44K3C Pediatrician
    44K3B Pediatrician
    44K3A Pediatrician
    44K1M Pediatrician
    44K1L Pediatrician
    44K1K Pediatrician
    44K1J Pediatrician
    44K1H Pediatrician
    44K1G Pediatrician
    44K3G Pediatrician
    44K1E Pediatrician
    44K3H Pediatrician
    44K1C Pediatrician
    44K1B Pediatrician
    44K1A Pediatrician
    44H4 Nuclear Medicine Physician
    44H3 Nuclear Medicine Physician
    44H1 Nuclear Medicine Physician
    44G4 General Practice Physician
    44G3 General Practice Physician
    44G1 General Practice Physician
    44F4 Family Physician
    44F3 Family Physician
    45U4A Urologist
    44K1F Pediatrician
    44K4K Pediatrician
    44M3C Internist
    44M3B Internist
    44M3A Internist
    44M1J Internist
    44M1H Internist
    44M1G Internist
    44M1F Internist
    44M1E Internist
    44M1D Internist
    44M1C Internist
    44M1B Internist
    44M1A Internist
    44K3F Pediatrician
    44K4L Pediatrician
    44M3D Internist
    44K4J Pediatrician
    44K4H Pediatrician
    44K4G Pediatrician
    44K4E Pediatrician
    44K4D Pediatrician
    44K4C Pediatrician
    44K4B Pediatrician
    44K4A Pediatrician
    44K3M Pediatrician
    44K3L Pediatrician
    44K3K Pediatrician
    44K3J Pediatrician
    44K4M Pediatrician
    45N1 Otorhinolaryngologist
    45S4F Surgn
    45S4D Surgn
    45S3F Surgn
    45S3D Surgn
    45S1F Surgn
    45S1D Surgn
    45P4 Physical Medicine Physician
    45P3 Physical Medicine Physician
    45P1 Physical Medicine Physician
    45U3B Urologist
    45N3 Otorhinolaryngologist
    45U1C Urologist
    45G4D Obstetrician And Gynecologist
    45G4C Obstetrician And Gynecologist
    45G4B Obstetrician And Gynecologist
    45G4A Obstetrician And Gynecologist
    45G3D Obstetrician And Gynecologist
    45G3C Obstetrician And Gynecologist
    45G3B Obstetrician And Gynecologist
    45G3A Obstetrician And Gynecologist
    45G1D Obstetrician And Gynecologist
    45N4 Otorhinolaryngologist
    48E1 Occupational Medicine Specialist
    48P4 Preventive Medicine Specialist
    48P3 Preventive Medicine Specialist
    48P1 Preventive Medicine Specialist
    48G4 Aerospace Medicine Physician
    48G3 Aerospace Medicine Physician
    48G1 Aerospace Medicine Physician
    48F4 Family Practice Specialist
    48F3 Family Practice Specialist
    48F1 Family Practice Specialist
    45U1A Urologist
    48E3 Occupational Medicine Specialist
    45U1B Urologist
    48A4 Aerospace Medicine Specialist
    48A3 Aerospace Medicine Specialist
    48A1 Aerospace Medicine Specialist
    45U4C Urologist
    45U4B Urologist
    45G1B Obstetrician And Gynecologist
    45U3C Urologist
    44F1 Family Physician
    45U3A Urologist
    45E4G Ophthalmologist
    48E4 Occupational Medicine Specialist
    44S3B Dermatologist
    45G1C Obstetrician And Gynecologist
    44Z3 Allergist
    44Z1 Allergist
    44Y4A Critical Care Medicine
    44Y3A Critical Care Medicine
    44Y1A Critical Care Medicine
    44T4 Radiotherapist
    44T3 Radiotherapist
    44T1 Radiotherapist
    45B1B Orthopedic Surgn
    44S4A Dermatologist
    45B3B Orthopedic Surgn
    44S3A Dermatologist
    44S1B Dermatologist
    44S1A Dermatologist
    44R4B Diagnostic Radiologist
    44R4A Diagnostic Radiologist
    44R3B Diagnostic Radiologist
    44R3A Diagnostic Radiologist
    44R1B Diagnostic Radiologist
    44R1A Diagnostic Radiologist
    44N4 Neurologist
    44S4B Dermatologist
    45E3C Ophthalmologist
    44N3 Neurologist
    45E4F Ophthalmologist
    45E4E Ophthalmologist
    45E4D Ophthalmologist
    45E4C Ophthalmologist
    45E4B Ophthalmologist
    45E4A Ophthalmologist
    45E3G Ophthalmologist
    45E3F Ophthalmologist
    44Z4 Allergist
    45E3D Ophthalmologist
    45G1A Obstetrician And Gynecologist
    45E3B Ophthalmologist
    45E3A Ophthalmologist
    45E1G Ophthalmologist
    45E1F Ophthalmologist
    45E1E Ophthalmologist
    45E1D Ophthalmologist
    45E1C Ophthalmologist
    45E1B Ophthalmologist
    45E1A Ophthalmologist
    45B4B Orthopedic Surgn
    45E3E Ophthalmologist
    44E4A Emergency Services Physician
    44E3A Emergency Services Physician
    44A1 Chief, Hospital/Clinic Services
    44E1A Emergency Services Physician
    44A3 Chief, Hospital/Clinic Services
    44D1C Pathologist
    44D3C Pathologist
    44D4C Pathologist

    OES98 (Occupational Employment Statistics): 32102 Physicians and Surgeons

    OPM97 (Office of Personnel Management Occupations): 0403 Microbiology
    1864 Public Health Quarantine Inspection
    0602 Medical Officer

    SOC98 (Standard Occupational Classification): 29-1064 Obstetricians and Gynecologists
    29-1063 Internists, General
    29-1062 Family and General Practitioners
    29-1065 Pediatricians, General

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