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DEFINITION: Design and construct three-dimensional art works, using materials such as stone, wood, plaster, and metal and employing various manual and tool techniques.
1. Carves objects from stone, concrete, plaster, wood, or other material, using abrasives and tools, such as chisels, gouges, and mall.
2. Constructs artistic forms from metal or stone, using metalworking, welding, or masonry tools and equipment.
3. Cuts, bends, laminates, arranges, and fastens individual or mixed raw and manufactured materials and products to form works of art.
4. Models substances, such as clay or wax, using fingers and small hand tools to form objects.
Knowledge elements are ranked by importance.
83 Fine Arts
Knowledge of theory and techniques required to produce, compose, and perform works of music, dance, visual arts, drama, and sculpture
Knowledge of design techniques, principles, tools and instruments involved in the production and use of precision technical plans, blueprints, drawings, and models
38 Engineering and Technology
Knowledge of equipment, tools, mechanical devices, and their uses to produce motion, light, power, technology, and other applications
38 Building and Construction
Knowledge of materials, methods, and the appropriate tools to construct objects, structures, and buildings
25 English Language
Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar
Knowledge of machines and tools, including their designs, uses, benefits, repair, and maintenance
17 Communications and Media
Knowledge of media production, communication, and dissemination techniques and methods including alternative ways to inform and entertain via written, oral, and visual media
17 Production and Processing
Knowledge of inputs, outputs, raw materials, waste, quality control, costs, and techniques for maximizing the manufacture and distribution of goods
Knowledge of numbers, their operations, and interrelationships including arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications
Knowledge of the composition, structure, and properties of substances and of the chemical processes and transformations that they undergo. This includes uses of chemicals and their interactions, danger signs, production techniques, and disposal methods
8 Sales and Marketing
Knowledge of principles and methods involved in showing, promoting, and selling products or services. This includes marketing strategies and tactics, product demonstration and sales techniques, and sales control systems
Knowledge of human behavior and performance, mental processes, psychological research methods, and the assessment and treatment of behavioral and affective disorders
8 Sociology and Anthropology
Knowledge of group behavior and dynamics, societal trends and influences, cultures, their history, migrations, ethnicity, and origins
4 Philosophy and Theology
Knowledge of different philosophical systems and religions, including their basic principles, values, ethics, ways of thinking, customs, and practices, and their impact on human culture
Knowledge and prediction of physical principles, laws, and applications including air, water, material dynamics, light, atomic principles, heat, electric theory, earth formations, and meteorological and related natural phenomena
4 History and Archeology
Knowledge of past historical events and their causes, indicators, and impact on particular civilizations and cultures
Skills elements are ranked by importance.
67 Equipment Selection
Determining the kind of tools and equipment needed to do a job
67 Idea Generation
Generating a number of different approaches to problems
50 Implementation Planning
Developing approaches for implementing an idea
46 Idea Evaluation
Evaluating the likely success of an idea in relation to the demands of the situation
Assessing how well one is doing when learning or doing something
33 Judgment and Decision Making
Weighing the relative costs and benefits of a potential action
Developing an image of how a system should work under ideal conditions
33 Operation and Control
Controlling operations of equipment or systems
29 Product Inspection
Inspecting and evaluating the quality of products
29 Information Organization
Finding ways to structure or classify multiple pieces of information
25 Solution Appraisal
Observing and evaluating the outcomes of a problem solution to identify lessons learned or redirect efforts
25 Operations Analysis
Analyzing needs and product requirements to create a design
21 Time Management
Managing one's own time and the time of others
21 Learning Strategies
Using multiple approaches when learning or teaching new things
21 Identification of Key Causes
Identifying the things that must be changed to achieve a goal
21 Management of Material Resources
Obtaining and seeing to the appropriate use of equipment, facilities, and materials needed to do certain work
17 Technology Design
Generating or adapting equipment and technology to serve user needs
17 Active Learning
Working with new material or information to grasp its implications
Reorganizing information to get a better approach to problems or tasks
8 Equipment Maintenance
Performing routine maintenance and determining when and what kind of maintenance is needed
Determining what is causing an operating error and deciding what to do about it
8 Management of Financial Resources
Determining how money will be spent to get the work done, and accounting for these expenditures
8 Reading Comprehension
Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents
Using scientific methods to solve problems
8 Critical Thinking
Using logic and analysis to identify the strengths and weaknesses of different approaches
Teaching others how to do something
Talking to others to effectively convey information
4 Management of Personnel Resources
Motivating, developing, and directing people as they work, identifying the best people for the job
4 Active Listening
Listening to what other people are saying and asking questions as appropriate
Using mathematics to solve problems
Installing equipment, machines, wiring, or programs to meet specifications
Repairing machines or systems using the needed tools
4 Service Orientation
Actively looking for ways to help people
4 Information Gathering
Knowing how to find information and identifying essential information
4 Social Perceptiveness
Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react the way they do
Conducting tests to determine whether equipment, software, or procedures are operating as expected
4 Problem Identification
Identifying the nature of problems .
Abilities elements are ranked by importance.
The ability to come up with unusual or clever ideas about a given topic or situation, or to develop creative ways to solve a problem
The ability to imagine how something will look after it is moved around or when its parts are moved or rearranged
65 Manual Dexterity
The ability to quickly make coordinated movements of one hand, a hand together with its arm, or two hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble objects
60 Finger Dexterity
The ability to make precisely coordinated movements of the fingers of one or both hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble very small objects
55 Fluency of Ideas
The ability to come up with a number of ideas about a given topic. It concerns the number of ideas produced and not the quality, correctness, or creativity of the ideas.
50 Arm-Hand Steadiness
The ability to keep the hand and arm steady while making an arm movement or while holding the arm and hand in one position
40 Near Vision
The ability to see details of objects at a close range (within a few feet of the observer)
40 Multilimb Coordination
The ability to coordinate movements of two or more limbs together (for example, two arms, two legs, or one leg and one arm) while sitting, standing, or lying down. It does not involve performing the activities while the body is in motion
35 Wrist-Finger Speed
The ability to make fast, simple, repeated movements of the fingers, hands, and wrists
35 Depth Perception
The ability to judge which of several objects is closer or farther away from the observer, or to judge the distance between an object and the observer
35 Information Ordering
The ability to correctly follow a given rule or set of rules in order to arrange things or actions in a certain order. The things or actions can include numbers, letters, words, pictures, procedures, sentences, and mathematical or logical operations.
35 Trunk Strength
The ability to use one's abdominal and lower back muscles to support part of the body repeatedly or continuously over time without "giving out" or fatiguing
30 Static Strength
The ability to exert maximum muscle force to lift, push, pull, or carry objects
30 Extent Flexibility
The ability to bend, stretch, twist, or reach out with the body, arms, and/or legs
30 Flexibility of Closure
The ability to identify or detect a known pattern (a figure, object, word, or sound) that is hidden in other distracting material
30 Gross Body Coordination
The ability to coordinate the movement of the arms, legs, and torso together in activities where the whole body is in motion
25 Visual Color Discrimination
The ability to match or detect differences between colors, including shades of color and brightness
25 Category Flexibility
The ability to produce many rules so that each rule tells how to group (or combine) a set of things in a different way.
25 Deductive Reasoning
The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to come up with logical answers. It involves deciding if an answer makes sense.
25 Speed of Limb Movement
The ability to quickly move the arms or legs
20 Control Precision
The ability to quickly and repeatedly make precise adjustments in moving the controls of a machine or vehicle to exact positions
The ability to remember information such as words, numbers, pictures, and procedures
20 Inductive Reasoning
The ability to combine separate pieces of information, or specific answers to problems, to form general rules or conclusions. It includes coming up with a logical explanation for why a series of seemingly unrelated events occur together.
20 Problem Sensitivity
The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.
20 Explosive Strength
The ability to use short bursts of muscle force to propel oneself (as in jumping or sprinting), or to throw an object
15 Far Vision
The ability to see details at a distance
15 Number Facility
The ability to add, subtract, multiply, or divide quickly and correctly
15 Selective Attention
The ability to concentrate and not be distracted while performing a task over a period of time
The ability to exert one's self physically over long periods of time without getting winded or out of breath
10 Time Sharing
The ability to efficiently shift back and forth between two or more activities or sources of information (such as speech, sounds, touch, or other sources)
10 Speed of Closure
The ability to quickly make sense of information that seems to be without meaning or organization. It involves quickly combining and organizing different pieces of information into a meaningful pattern
10 Spatial Orientation
The ability to know one's location in relation to the environment, or to know where other objects are in relation to one's self
10 Dynamic Strength
The ability to exert muscle force repeatedly or continuously over time. This involves muscular endurance and resistance to muscle fatigue
5 Written Expression
The ability to communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand
5 Glare Sensitivity
The ability to see objects in the presence of glare or bright lighting
5 Peripheral Vision
The ability to see objects or movement of objects to one's side when the eyes are focused forward
5 Speech Recognition
The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person
5 Oral Expression
The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand
5 Dynamic Flexibility
The ability to quickly and repeatedly bend, stretch, twist, or reach out with the body, arms, and/or legs
5 Written Comprehension
The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing
5 Oral Comprehension
The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences
5 Speech Clarity
The ability to speak clearly so that it is understandable to a listener
Work activities elements are ranked by importance.
92 Thinking Creatively
Originating, inventing, designing, or creating new applications, ideas, relationships, systems, or products, including artistic contributions.
71 Handling and Moving Objects
Using one's own hands and arms in handling, installing, forming, positioning, and moving materials, or in manipulating things, including the use of keyboards.
67 Implementing Ideas or Programs
Conducting or carrying out work procedures and activities in accord with one's own ideas or information provided through directions/instructions for purposes of installing, modifying, preparing, delivering, constructing, integrating, finishing, or completing programs, systems, structures, or products.
58 Getting Information Needed to Do the Job
Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.
50 Performing General Physical Activities
Performing physical activities that require moving one's whole body, such as in climbing, lifting, balancing, walking, stooping, where the activities often also require considerable use of the arms and legs, such as in the physical handling of materials.
46 Estimating Needed Characteristics
Estimating the Characteristics of Materials, Products, Events, or Information: Estimating sizes, distances, and quantities, or determining time, costs, resources, or materials needed to perform a work activity.
46 Judging Qualities of Things, Services, or People
Making judgments about or assessing the value, importance, or quality of things or people.
46 Controlling Machines and Processes
Using either control mechanisms or direct physical activity to operate machines or processes (not including computers or vehicles).
42 Monitor Processes, Material, or Surroundings
Monitoring and reviewing information from materials, events, or the environment, often to detect problems or to find out when things are finished.
38 Making Decisions and Solving Problems
Combining, evaluating, and reasoning with information and data to make decisions and solve problems. These processes involve making decisions about the relative importance of information and choosing the best solution.
29 Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events
Identifying information received by making estimates or categorizations, recognizing differences or similarities, or sensing changes in circumstances or events.
29 Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing
Developing plans to accomplish work, and prioritizing and organizing one's own work.
25 Monitoring and Controlling Resources
Monitoring and controlling resources and overseeing the spending of money.
25 Selling or Influencing Others
Convincing others to buy merchandise/goods, or otherwise changing their minds or actions.
21 Developing Objectives and Strategies
Establishing long range objectives and specifying the strategies and actions to achieve these objectives.
21 Analyzing Data or Information
Identifying underlying principles, reasons, or facts by breaking down information or data into separate parts.
21 Evaluating Information Against Standards
Evaluating information against a set of standards and verifying that it is correct.
21 Updating and Using Job-Relevant Knowledge
Keeping up-to-date technically and knowing one's own jobs' and related jobs' functions.
17 Inspecting Equipment, Structures, or Material
Inspecting or diagnosing equipment, structures, or materials to identify the causes of errors or other problems or defects.
17 Drafting and Specifying Technical Devices
Providing documentation, detailed instructions, drawings, or specifications to inform others about how devices, parts, equipment, or structures are to be fabricated, constructed, assembled, modified, maintained, or used.
13 Performing For or Working With Public
Performing for people or dealing directly with the public, including serving persons in restaurants and stores, and receiving clients or guests.
13 Processing Information
Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, verifying, or processing information or data.
8 Documenting or Recording Information
Entering, transcribing, recording, storing, or maintaining information in either written form or by electronic/magnetic recording.
8 Establishing and Maintaining Relationships
Developing constructive and cooperative working relationships with others.
8 Performing Administrative Activities
Approving requests, handling paperwork, and performing day-to-day administrative tasks.
4 Interacting With Computers
Controlling computer functions by using programs, setting up functions, writing software, or otherwise communicating with computer systems.
4 Interpreting Meaning of Information to Others
Translating or explaining what information means and how it can be understood or used to support responses or feedback to others.
4 Communicating With Other Workers
Providing information to supervisors, fellow workers, and subordinates. This information can be exchanged face-to-face, in writing, or via telephone/electronic transfer.
4 Communicating With Persons Outside Organization
Communicating with persons outside the organization, representing the organization to customers, the public, government, and other external sources. This information can be exchanged face-to-face, in writing, or via telephone/electronic transfer.
Work context elements are ranked by frequency (F), importance (I), responsibility (R), amount of contact (C), how serious (S), objective vs. subjective (O), automation (A), extent of frustration (E), responsible for health and safety (H), likelihood of injury (L), degree of injury (D) .
85 (F) Using Hands on Objects, Tools, Controls
How much time in a usual work period does the worker spend: Using hands to handle, control, or feel objects, tools or controls?
83 (O) Objective or Subjective Information
How objective or subjective is the information communicated in this job?
75 (F) Indoors
How frequently does this job require the worker to work: Indoors
60 (F) Standing
How much time in a usual work period does the worker spend: Standing?
50 (F) Sitting
How much time in a usual work period does the worker spend: Sitting?
45 (F) Making Repetitive Motions
How much time in a usual work period does the worker spend: Making repetitive motions?
40 (F) Bending or Twisting the Body
How much time in a usual work period does the worker spend: Bending or twisting the body?
35 (F) Kneeling, Crouching or Crawling
How much time in a usual work period does the worker spend: Kneeling, stooping, crouching or crawling?
30 (F) Hazardous Situations
How often does this job require the worker to be exposed to harardous situations? Hazardous Situations involving likely cuts, bites, stings, or minor burns
30 (F) Outdoors
How frequently does this job require the worker to work: Outdoors
24 (I) Importance of Being Sure All Is Done
How important is it to be sure that all the details of this job are performed and everything is done completely?
23 (L) Hazardous Situations
What is the likelihood that the worker would be injured as a result of being exposed to hazardous situations while performing this job? Hazardous Situations involving likely cuts, bites, stings, or minor burns
20 (D) Hazardous Situations
If injury, due to exposure to hazardous situations, were to occur while performing this job, how serious would be the likely outcome? Hazardous Situations involving likely cuts, bites, stings, or minor burns
20 (F) Contaminants
How often during a usual work period is the worker exposed to the following conditions: Contaminants (pollutants, gases, dust, odors, etc.)?
20 (I) Importance of Repeating Same Tasks
How important is repeating the same physical activities (e.g., key entry) or mental activities (e.g., checking entries in a ledger) over and over, without stopping, to performing this job?
20 (F) Special Uniform
How often does the worker wear: A special uniform, such as that of a commercial pilot, nurse, police officer, or military personnel?
16 (I) Importance of Being Exact or Accurate
How important is being very exact or highly accurate in performing this job?
15 (F) Cramped Work Space, Awkward Positions
How often during a usual work period is the worker exposed to the following conditions: Cramped work space that requires getting into awkward positions?
15 (F) Walking or Running
How much time in a usual work period does the worker spend: Walking or running?
15 (F) Specialized Protective or Safety Attire
How often does the worker wear: Specialized protective or safety attire, such as breathing apparatus, safety harness, full protection suit, or radiation protection?
15 (F) Common Protective or Safety Attire
How often does the worker wear: Common protective or safety attire, such as safety shoes, glasses, gloves, hearing protection, hard-hat, or personal flotation device?
12 (I) Pace Determined by Speed of Equipment
How important is it to this job that the pace is determined by the speed of equipment or machinery? (This does not refer to keeping busy at all times on this job.)
10 (S) Consequence of Error
How serious would the result usually be if the worker made a mistake that was not readily correctable?
10 (E) Frustrating Circumstances
To what extent do frustrating circumstances ("road blocks" to work that are beyond the worker's control) hinder the accomplishment of this job?
10 (F) Very Hot
How often during a usual work period is the worker exposed to the following conditions: Very hot (above 90 F) or very cold (under 32 F) temperatures?
10 (F) Climbing Ladders, Scaffolds, Poles, etc.
How much time in a usual work period does the worker spend: Climbing ladders, scaffolds, poles, etc?
9 (R) Responsibility for Outcomes and Results
How responsible is the worker for work outcomes and results of other workers?
8 (I) Importance of Being Aware of New Events
How important is being constantly aware of either frequently changing events (e.g. security guard watching for shoplifters) or infrequent events (e.g. radar operator watching for tornadoes) to performing this job?
6 (F) Extremely Bright or Inadequate Lighting
How often during a usual work period is the worker exposed to the following conditions: Extremely bright or inadequate lighting conditions?
5 (F) Keeping or Regaining Balance
How much time in a usual work period does the worker spend: Keeping or regaining balance?
5 (F) Sounds or Noise Levels Are Distracting
How often during a usual work period is the worker exposed to the following conditions: Sounds and noise levels that are distracting and uncomfortable?
Interest elements are ranked by occupational interest.
Artistic occupations frequently involve working with forms, designs and patterns. They often require self-expression and the work can be done without following a clear set of rules.
Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.
Social occupations frequently involve working with, communicating with, and teaching people. These occupations often involve helping or providing service to others.
Investigative occupations frequently involve working with ideas, and require an extensive amount of thinking. These occupations can involve searching for facts and figuring out problems mentally.
Enterprising occupations frequently involve starting up and carrying out projects. These occupations can involve leading people and making many decisions. Sometimes they require risk taking and often deal with business.
Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow.
Work values elements are ranked by extent.
95 Achievement-Mean Extent
Occupations that satisfy this work value are results oriented and allow employees to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment. Corresponding needs are Ability Utilization and Achievement.
94 Independence-Mean Extent
Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employs to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy.
57 Working Conditions-Mean Extent
Occupations that satisfy this work value offer job security and good working conditions. Corresponding needs are Activity, Compensation, Independence, Security, Variety and Working Conditions.
41 Recognition-Mean Extent
Occupations that satisfy this work value offer advancement, potential for leadership, and are often considered prestigious. Corresponding needs are Advancement, Authority, Recognition and Social Status.
38 Relationships-Mean Extent
Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to provide service to others and work with co-workers in a friendly non-competitive environment. Corresponding needs are Co-workers, Moral Values and Social Service.
8 Support-Mean Extent
Occupations that satisfy this work value offer supportive management that stands behind employees. Corresponding needs are Company Policies, Supervision: Human Relations and Supervision: Technical.
Workers on this job do their work alone
100 Ability Utilization
Workers on this job make use of their individual abilities
Workers on this job try out their own ideas
Workers on this job plan their work with little supervision
Workers on this job get a feeling of accomplishment
Workers on this job make decisions on their own
84 Moral Values
Workers on this job are never pressured to do things that go against their sense of right and wrong
Workers on this job receive recognition for the work they do
69 Working Conditions
Workers on this job have good working conditions
59 Social Status
Workers on this job are looked up to by others in their company and their community
Workers on this job have something different to do every day
Workers on this job are paid well in comparison with other workers
Workers on this job are busy all the time
Workers on this job have steady employment
Workers on this job have opportunities for advancement
16 Company Policies and Practices
Workers on this job are treated fairly by the company
16 Social Service
Workers on this job have work where they do things for other people
Workers on this job have co-workers who are easy to get along with
Workers on this job give directions and instructions to others
6 Supervision, Human Relations
Workers on this job have supervisors who back up their workers with management
3 Supervision, Technical
Workers on this job have supervisors who train their workers well
|DOT91 (Dictionary of Occupational Titles):||
|AIM97 (Apprenticeship Information Management):||
|CEN90 (1990 Census Occupations):||
188 Painters, Sculptors, Craft-Artists, and Artist Printmakers
|CIP90 (Classification of Instructional Programs):||
500702 Fine/Studio Arts
500701 Art, General
|GOE93 (Guide for Occupational Exploration):||
010202 Visual Arts: Studio Art
|MOC97 (Military Occupational Codes):||
|OES98 (Occupational Employment Statistics):||
34035 Artists and Related Workers
|OPM97 (Office of Personnel Management Occupations):||
1056 Art Specialist
|SOC98 (Standard Occupational Classification):||
27-1013 Fine Artists, Including Painters, Sculptors, and Illustrators