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TITLE: Laborers, Landscaping and Groundskeeping
DEFINITION: Landscape and/or maintain grounds of public or private property using hand/power tools or equipment. May work in nursery facility or at customer location. Workers typically perform a variety of tasks, which may include any combination of the following: sod laying, mowing, trimming, planting, watering, fertilizing, digging, raking, and sprinkler installation. Workers may help brick and stone masons. Exclude workers who also perform duties of pruners or sprayers/applicators.
1. Mows lawns, using power mower.
2. Trims and picks flowers and cleans flower beds.
3. Digs holes for plants, mixes fertilizer or lime with dirt in holes, inserts plants, and fills holes with dirt.
4. Hauls or spreads topsoil, and spreads straw over seeded soil to hold soil in place.
5. Waters lawns, trees, and plants, using portable sprinkler system, hose, or watering can.
6. Decorates garden with stones and plants.
7. Applies herbicides, fungicides, fertilizers, and pesticides, using spreaders or spray equipment.
8. Attaches wires from planted trees to support stakes.
9. Seeds and fertilizes lawns.
10. Maintains tools and equipment.
11. Builds forms and mixes and pours cement to form garden borders.
12. Shovels snow from walks and driveways.
Knowledge elements are ranked by importance.
Knowledge of the composition, structure, and properties of substances and of the chemical processes and transformations that they undergo. This includes uses of chemicals and their interactions, danger signs, production techniques, and disposal methods
Knowledge of machines and tools, including their designs, uses, benefits, repair, and maintenance
35 Building and Construction
Knowledge of materials, methods, and the appropriate tools to construct objects, structures, and buildings
Knowledge of plant and animal living tissue, cells, organisms, and entities, including their functions, interdependencies, and interactions with each other and the environment
Knowledge and prediction of physical principles, laws, and applications including air, water, material dynamics, light, atomic principles, heat, electric theory, earth formations, and meteorological and related natural phenomena
15 Customer and Personal Service
Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services including needs assessment techniques, quality service standards, alternative delivery systems, and customer satisfaction evaluation techniques
15 Engineering and Technology
Knowledge of equipment, tools, mechanical devices, and their uses to produce motion, light, power, technology, and other applications
15 Public Safety and Security
Knowledge of weaponry, public safety, and security operations, rules, regulations, precautions, prevention, and the protection of people, data, and property
15 English Language
Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar
Knowledge of numbers, their operations, and interrelationships including arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications
Knowledge of principles and methods for moving people or goods by air, rail, sea, or road, including their relative costs, advantages, and limitations
Knowledge of various methods for describing the location and distribution of land, sea, and air masses including their physical locations, relationships, and characteristics
5 Communications and Media
Knowledge of media production, communication, and dissemination techniques and methods including alternative ways to inform and entertain via written, oral, and visual media
5 Sales and Marketing
Knowledge of principles and methods involved in showing, promoting, and selling products or services. This includes marketing strategies and tactics, product demonstration and sales techniques, and sales control systems
5 Production and Processing
Knowledge of inputs, outputs, raw materials, waste, quality control, costs, and techniques for maximizing the manufacture and distribution of goods
5 Administration and Management
Knowledge of principles and processes involved in business and organizational planning, coordination, and execution. This includes strategic planning, resource allocation, manpower modeling, leadership techniques, and production methods
Knowledge of design techniques, principles, tools and instruments involved in the production and use of precision technical plans, blueprints, drawings, and models
5 Medicine and Dentistry
Knowledge of the information and techniques needed to diagnose and treat injuries, diseases, and deformities. This includes symptoms, treatment alternatives, drug properties and interactions, and preventive health-care measures
Knowledge of transmission, broadcasting, switching, control, and operation of telecommunications systems
5 Law, Government and Jurisprudence
Knowledge of laws, legal codes, court procedures, precedents, government regulations, executive orders, agency rules, and the democratic political process
5 Education and Training
Knowledge of instructional methods and training techniques including curriculum design principles, learning theory, group and individual teaching techniques, design of individual development plans, and test design principles
5 Sociology and Anthropology
Knowledge of group behavior and dynamics, societal trends and influences, cultures, their history, migrations, ethnicity, and origins
Skills elements are ranked by importance.
50 Equipment Selection
Determining the kind of tools and equipment needed to do a job
45 Operation and Control
Controlling operations of equipment or systems
40 Equipment Maintenance
Performing routine maintenance and determining when and what kind of maintenance is needed
30 Service Orientation
Actively looking for ways to help people
Installing equipment, machines, wiring, or programs to meet specifications
25 Problem Identification
Identifying the nature of problems
25 Identification of Key Causes
Identifying the things that must be changed to achieve a goal
25 Operations Analysis
Analyzing needs and product requirements to create a design
20 Information Organization
Finding ways to structure or classify multiple pieces of information
20 Judgment and Decision Making
Weighing the relative costs and benefits of a potential action
20 Implementation Planning
Developing approaches for implementing an idea
20 Product Inspection
Inspecting and evaluating the quality of products
15 Idea Generation
Generating a number of different approaches to problems
15 Information Gathering
Knowing how to find information and identifying essential information
15 Management of Material Resources
Obtaining and seeing to the appropriate use of equipment, facilities, and materials needed to do certain work
15 Reading Comprehension
Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents
Using scientific methods to solve problems
Assessing how well one is doing when learning or doing something
Talking to others to effectively convey information
15 Idea Evaluation
Evaluating the likely success of an idea in relation to the demands of the situation
Repairing machines or systems using the needed tools
15 Solution Appraisal
Observing and evaluating the outcomes of a problem solution to identify lessons learned or redirect efforts
Determining what is causing an operating error and deciding what to do about it
15 Time Management
Managing one's own time and the time of others
Using mathematics to solve problems
10 Identifying Downstream Consequences
Determining the long-term outcomes of a change in operations
10 Critical Thinking
Using logic and analysis to identify the strengths and weaknesses of different approaches
Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions
Communicating effectively with others in writing as indicated by the needs of the audience
10 Active Listening
Listening to what other people are saying and asking questions as appropriate
5 Active Learning
Working with new material or information to grasp its implications
5 Learning Strategies
Using multiple approaches when learning or teaching new things
5 Social Perceptiveness
Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react the way they do
Teaching others how to do something
5 Systems Evaluation
Looking at many indicators of system performance, taking into account their accuracy
Developing an image of how a system should work under ideal conditions
Reorganizing information to get a better approach to problems or tasks
5 Technology Design
Generating or adapting equipment and technology to serve user needs
5 Operation Monitoring
Watching gauges, dials, or other indicators to make sure a machine is working properly
Conducting tests to determine whether equipment, software, or procedures are operating as expected .
Abilities elements are ranked by importance.
75 Manual Dexterity
The ability to quickly make coordinated movements of one hand, a hand together with its arm, or two hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble objects
The ability to exert one's self physically over long periods of time without getting winded or out of breath
70 Static Strength
The ability to exert maximum muscle force to lift, push, pull, or carry objects
65 Dynamic Strength
The ability to exert muscle force repeatedly or continuously over time. This involves muscular endurance and resistance to muscle fatigue
65 Trunk Strength
The ability to use one's abdominal and lower back muscles to support part of the body repeatedly or continuously over time without "giving out" or fatiguing
60 Dynamic Flexibility
The ability to quickly and repeatedly bend, stretch, twist, or reach out with the body, arms, and/or legs
60 Extent Flexibility
The ability to bend, stretch, twist, or reach out with the body, arms, and/or legs
50 Category Flexibility
The ability to produce many rules so that each rule tells how to group (or combine) a set of things in a different way.
50 Speed of Limb Movement
The ability to quickly move the arms or legs
45 Explosive Strength
The ability to use short bursts of muscle force to propel oneself (as in jumping or sprinting), or to throw an object
The ability to imagine how something will look after it is moved around or when its parts are moved or rearranged
45 Wrist-Finger Speed
The ability to make fast, simple, repeated movements of the fingers, hands, and wrists
45 Gross Body Coordination
The ability to coordinate the movement of the arms, legs, and torso together in activities where the whole body is in motion
45 Multilimb Coordination
The ability to coordinate movements of two or more limbs together (for example, two arms, two legs, or one leg and one arm) while sitting, standing, or lying down. It does not involve performing the activities while the body is in motion
45 Problem Sensitivity
The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.
45 Information Ordering
The ability to correctly follow a given rule or set of rules in order to arrange things or actions in a certain order. The things or actions can include numbers, letters, words, pictures, procedures, sentences, and mathematical or logical operations.
40 Arm-Hand Steadiness
The ability to keep the hand and arm steady while making an arm movement or while holding the arm and hand in one position
40 Near Vision
The ability to see details of objects at a close range (within a few feet of the observer)
35 Oral Comprehension
The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences
The ability to come up with unusual or clever ideas about a given topic or situation, or to develop creative ways to solve a problem
35 Deductive Reasoning
The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to come up with logical answers. It involves deciding if an answer makes sense.
30 Written Comprehension
The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing
30 Reaction Time
The ability to quickly respond (with the hand, finger, or foot) to one signal (sound, light, picture, etc.) when it appears
30 Spatial Orientation
The ability to know one's location in relation to the environment, or to know where other objects are in relation to one's self
30 Flexibility of Closure
The ability to identify or detect a known pattern (a figure, object, word, or sound) that is hidden in other distracting material
25 Gross Body Equilibrium
The ability to keep or regain one's body balance or stay upright when in an unstable position
25 Selective Attention
The ability to concentrate and not be distracted while performing a task over a period of time
20 Time Sharing
The ability to efficiently shift back and forth between two or more activities or sources of information (such as speech, sounds, touch, or other sources)
The ability to remember information such as words, numbers, pictures, and procedures
20 Fluency of Ideas
The ability to come up with a number of ideas about a given topic. It concerns the number of ideas produced and not the quality, correctness, or creativity of the ideas.
20 Control Precision
The ability to quickly and repeatedly make precise adjustments in moving the controls of a machine or vehicle to exact positions
20 Glare Sensitivity
The ability to see objects in the presence of glare or bright lighting
20 Visual Color Discrimination
The ability to match or detect differences between colors, including shades of color and brightness
20 Finger Dexterity
The ability to make precisely coordinated movements of the fingers of one or both hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble very small objects
15 Peripheral Vision
The ability to see objects or movement of objects to one's side when the eyes are focused forward
15 Speech Recognition
The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person
15 Oral Expression
The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand
15 Depth Perception
The ability to judge which of several objects is closer or farther away from the observer, or to judge the distance between an object and the observer
15 Number Facility
The ability to add, subtract, multiply, or divide quickly and correctly
15 Far Vision
The ability to see details at a distance
15 Speech Clarity
The ability to speak clearly so that it is understandable to a listener
10 Response Orientation
The ability to choose quickly and correctly between two or more movements in response to two or more signals (lights, sounds, pictures, etc.). It includes the speed with which the correct response is started with the hand, foot, or other body parts
10 Inductive Reasoning
The ability to combine separate pieces of information, or specific answers to problems, to form general rules or conclusions. It includes coming up with a logical explanation for why a series of seemingly unrelated events occur together.
10 Rate Control
The ability to time the adjustments of a movement or equipment control in anticipation of changes in the speed and/or direction of a continuously moving object or scene
10 Mathematical Reasoning
The ability to understand and organize a problem and then to select a mathematical method or formula to solve the problem
5 Night Vision
The ability to see under low light conditions
5 Speed of Closure
The ability to quickly make sense of information that seems to be without meaning or organization. It involves quickly combining and organizing different pieces of information into a meaningful pattern
5 Hearing Sensitivity
The ability to detect or tell the difference between sounds that vary over broad ranges of pitch and loudness
5 Auditory Attention
The ability to focus on a single source of auditory (hearing) information in the presence of other distracting sounds
5 Written Expression
The ability to communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand
Work activities elements are ranked by importance.
90 Performing General Physical Activities
Performing physical activities that require moving one's whole body, such as in climbing, lifting, balancing, walking, stooping, where the activities often also require considerable use of the arms and legs, such as in the physical handling of materials.
80 Handling and Moving Objects
Using one's own hands and arms in handling, installing, forming, positioning, and moving materials, or in manipulating things, including the use of keyboards.
60 Operating Vehicles or Equipment
Running, maneuvering, navigating, or driving vehicles or mechanized equipment, such as forklifts, passenger vehicles, aircraft, or water craft.
55 Implementing Ideas or Programs
Conducting or carrying out work procedures and activities in accord with one's own ideas or information provided through directions/instructions for purposes of installing, modifying, preparing, delivering, constructing, integrating, finishing, or completing programs, systems, structures, or products.
50 Repairing and Maintaining Mechanical Equipment
Fixing, servicing, aligning, setting up, adjusting, and testing machines, devices, moving parts, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of mechanical (not electronic) principles.
45 Getting Information Needed to Do the Job
Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.
45 Monitor Processes, Material, or Surroundings
Monitoring and reviewing information from materials, events, or the environment, often to detect problems or to find out when things are finished.
45 Estimating Needed Characteristics
Estimating the Characteristics of Materials, Products, Events, or Information: Estimating sizes, distances, and quantities, or determining time, costs, resources, or materials needed to perform a work activity.
45 Judging Qualities of Things, Services, or People
Making judgments about or assessing the value, importance, or quality of things or people.
45 Controlling Machines and Processes
Using either control mechanisms or direct physical activity to operate machines or processes (not including computers or vehicles).
40 Inspecting Equipment, Structures, or Material
Inspecting or diagnosing equipment, structures, or materials to identify the causes of errors or other problems or defects.
40 Making Decisions and Solving Problems
Combining, evaluating, and reasoning with information and data to make decisions and solve problems. These processes involve making decisions about the relative importance of information and choosing the best solution.
30 Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events
Identifying information received by making estimates or categorizations, recognizing differences or similarities, or sensing changes in circumstances or events.
30 Communicating With Persons Outside Organization
Communicating with persons outside the organization, representing the organization to customers, the public, government, and other external sources. This information can be exchanged face-to-face, in writing, or via telephone/electronic transfer.
30 Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing
Developing plans to accomplish work, and prioritizing and organizing one's own work.
25 Monitoring and Controlling Resources
Monitoring and controlling resources and overseeing the spending of money.
25 Updating and Using Job-Relevant Knowledge
Keeping up-to-date technically and knowing one's own jobs' and related jobs' functions.
25 Communicating With Other Workers
Providing information to supervisors, fellow workers, and subordinates. This information can be exchanged face-to-face, in writing, or via telephone/electronic transfer.
25 Thinking Creatively
Originating, inventing, designing, or creating new applications, ideas, relationships, systems, or products, including artistic contributions.
25 Evaluating Information Against Standards
Evaluating information against a set of standards and verifying that it is correct.
25 Analyzing Data or Information
Identifying underlying principles, reasons, or facts by breaking down information or data into separate parts.
20 Developing Objectives and Strategies
Establishing long range objectives and specifying the strategies and actions to achieve these objectives.
20 Performing For or Working With Public
Performing for people or dealing directly with the public, including serving persons in restaurants and stores, and receiving clients or guests.
15 Drafting and Specifying Technical Devices
Providing documentation, detailed instructions, drawings, or specifications to inform others about how devices, parts, equipment, or structures are to be fabricated, constructed, assembled, modified, maintained, or used.
15 Repairing and Maintaining Electrical Equipment
Fixing, servicing, adjusting, regulating, calibrating, fine-tuning, or testing machines, devices, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of electrical or electronic (not mechanical) principles.
15 Interpreting Meaning of Information to Others
Translating or explaining what information means and how it can be understood or used to support responses or feedback to others.
15 Establishing and Maintaining Relationships
Developing constructive and cooperative working relationships with others.
15 Assisting and Caring for Others
Providing assistance or personal care to others.
15 Scheduling Work and Activities
Scheduling events, programs, activities, as well as the work of others.
15 Processing Information
Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, verifying, or processing information or data.
10 Coordinating Work and Activities of Others
Coordinating members of a work group to accomplish tasks.
10 Providing Consultation and Advice to Others
Providing consultation and expert advice to management or other groups on technical, systems-related, or process related topics.
10 Selling or Influencing Others
Convincing others to buy merchandise/goods, or otherwise changing their minds or actions.
5 Teaching Others
Identifying educational needs, developing formal training programs or classes, and teaching or instructing others.
5 Coaching and Developing Others
Identifying developmental needs of others and coaching or otherwise helping others to improve their knowledge or skills.
5 Documenting or Recording Information
Entering, transcribing, recording, storing, or maintaining information in either written form or by electronic/magnetic recording.
5 Resolving Conflict or Negotiating with Others
Handling complaints, arbitrating disputes, and resolving grievances, or otherwise negotiating with others.
Work context elements are ranked by frequency (F), importance (I), responsibility (R), amount of contact (C), how serious (S), objective vs. subjective (O), automation (A), extent of frustration (E), responsible for health and safety (H), likelihood of injury (L), degree of injury (D) .
95 (F) Outdoors
How frequently does this job require the worker to work: Outdoors
80 (F) Using Hands on Objects, Tools, Controls
How much time in a usual work period does the worker spend: Using hands to handle, control, or feel objects, tools or controls?
70 (F) Standing
How much time in a usual work period does the worker spend: Standing?
70 (F) Walking or Running
How much time in a usual work period does the worker spend: Walking or running?
65 (F) Kneeling, Crouching or Crawling
How much time in a usual work period does the worker spend: Kneeling, stooping, crouching or crawling?
65 (F) Bending or Twisting the Body
How much time in a usual work period does the worker spend: Bending or twisting the body?
55 (F) Making Repetitive Motions
How much time in a usual work period does the worker spend: Making repetitive motions?
55 (F) Hazardous Situations
How often does this job require the worker to be exposed to harardous situations? Hazardous Situations involving likely cuts, bites, stings, or minor burns
55 (F) Contaminants
How often during a usual work period is the worker exposed to the following conditions: Contaminants (pollutants, gases, dust, odors, etc.)?
50 (F) Very Hot
How often during a usual work period is the worker exposed to the following conditions: Very hot (above 90 F) or very cold (under 32 F) temperatures?
48 (I) Importance of Being Sure All Is Done
How important is it to be sure that all the details of this job are performed and everything is done completely?
48 (I) Provide a Service to Others
How important are interactions requiring the worker to: Provide a service to others (e.g., customers)?
45 (F) Hazardous Conditions
How often does this job require the worker to be exposed to hazardous conditions? Hazardous Conditions (e.g., high voltage electricity, combustibles, explosives, chemicals; do not include hazardous equipment or situations)
44 (I) Deal With External Customers
How important are interactions requiring the worker to: Deal with external customers (e.g., retail sales) or the public in general (e.g., police work)?
40 (I) Importance of Being Exact or Accurate
How important is being very exact or highly accurate in performing this job?
40 (F) Common Protective or Safety Attire
How often does the worker wear: Common protective or safety attire, such as safety shoes, glasses, gloves, hearing protection, hard-hat, or personal flotation device?
40 (L) Hazardous Situations
What is the likelihood that the worker would be injured as a result of being exposed to hazardous situations while performing this job? Hazardous Situations involving likely cuts, bites, stings, or minor burns
35 (F) Extremely Bright or Inadequate Lighting
How often during a usual work period is the worker exposed to the following conditions: Extremely bright or inadequate lighting conditions?
32 (D) Hazardous Conditions
If injury, due to exposure to hazardous conditions, were to occur while performing this job, how serious would be the likely outcome? Hazardous Conditions (e.g., high voltage electricity, combustibles, explosives, chemicals; do not include hazardous equipment or situations)
30 (F) Indoors
How frequently does this job require the worker to work: Indoors
29 (L) Hazardous Conditions
What is the likelihood that the worker would be injured as a result of being exposed to hazardous conditions while performing this job? Hazardous Conditions (e.g., high voltage electricity, combustibles, explosives, chemicals; do not include hazardous equipment or situations)
25 (F) Special Uniform
How often does the worker wear: A special uniform, such as that of a commercial pilot, nurse, police officer, or military personnel?
25 (F) Cramped Work Space, Awkward Positions
How often during a usual work period is the worker exposed to the following conditions: Cramped work space that requires getting into awkward positions?
25 (F) Hazardous Equipment
How often does this job require the worker to be exposed to harardous equipment? Hazardous Equipment (e.g., saws, machinery/mechanical parts include exposure to vehicular traffic, but not driving a vehicle)
23 (H) Responsible for Health and Safety of Others
How responsible is the worker for others' health and safety on this job?
20 (I) Pace Determined by Speed of Equipment
How important is it to this job that the pace is determined by the speed of equipment or machinery? (This does not refer to keeping busy at all times on this job.)
20 (R) Responsibility for Outcomes and Results
How responsible is the worker for work outcomes and results of other workers?
20 (D) Hazardous Equipment
If injury, due to exposure to hazardous equipment, were to occur while performing this job, how serious would be the likely outcome? Hazardous Equipment (e.g., saws, machinery/mechanical parts include exposure to vehicular traffic, but not driving a vehicle)
20 (F) Keeping or Regaining Balance
How much time in a usual work period does the worker spend: Keeping or regaining balance?
17 (S) Consequence of Error
How serious would the result usually be if the worker made a mistake that was not readily correctable?
17 (L) Hazardous Equipment
What is the likelihood that the worker would be injured as a result of being exposed to hazardous equipment while performing this job? Hazardous Equipment (e.g., saws, machinery/mechanical parts include exposure to vehicular traffic, but not driving a vehicle)
16 (D) Hazardous Situations
If injury, due to exposure to hazardous situations, were to occur while performing this job, how serious would be the likely outcome? Hazardous Situations involving likely cuts, bites, stings, or minor burns
16 (I) Coordinate or Lead Others
How important are interactions requiring the worker to: Coordinate or lead others in accomplishing work activities (not supervision)?
16 (I) Importance of Repeating Same Tasks
How important is repeating the same physical activities (e.g., key entry) or mental activities (e.g., checking entries in a ledger) over and over, without stopping, to performing this job?
16 (I) Importance of Being Aware of New Events
How important is being constantly aware of either frequently changing events (e.g. security guard watching for shoplifters) or infrequent events (e.g. radar operator watching for tornadoes) to performing this job?
15 (F) Frequency in Conflict Situations
How frequently do the job requirements place the worker in conflict situations?
15 (F) Deal With Unpleasant or Angry People
How frequently does the worker have to deal with unpleasant, angry, or discourteous individuals as part of the job requirements?
15 (F) Sounds or Noise Levels Are Distracting
How often during a usual work period is the worker exposed to the following conditions: Sounds and noise levels that are distracting and uncomfortable?
15 (F) Sitting
How much time in a usual work period does the worker spend: Sitting?
15 (F) Climbing Ladders, Scaffolds, Poles, etc.
How much time in a usual work period does the worker spend: Climbing ladders, scaffolds, poles, etc?
13 (C) Job-Required Social Interaction
How much does this job require the worker to be in contact (face-to-face, by telephone, or otherwise) with others in order to perform it?
13 (E) Frustrating Circumstances
To what extent do frustrating circumstances ("road blocks" to work that are beyond the worker's control) hinder the accomplishment of this job?
12 (I) Supervise, Coach, Train Others
How important are interactions requiring the worker to: Supervise, coach, train, or develop other employees?
10 (F) Specialized Protective or Safety Attire
How often does the worker wear: Specialized protective or safety attire, such as breathing apparatus, safety harness, full protection suit, or radiation protection?
8 (D) High Places
If injury, due to exposure to high places, were to occur while performing this job, how serious would be the likely outcome? High Places (e.g., heights above 8 feet on ladders, poles, scaffolding, catwalks, etc.)
8 (I) Persuade Someone to a Course of Action
How important are interactions requiring the worker to: Persuade someone to a course of action (informally) or influence others to buy something (to sell)?
7 (A) Degree of Automation
Indicate the level of automation of this job.
7 (O) Objective or Subjective Information
How objective or subjective is the information communicated in this job?
6 (L) High Places
What is the likelihood that the worker would be injured as a result of being exposed to high places while performing this job? High Places (e.g., heights above 8 feet on ladders, poles, scaffolding, catwalks, etc.)
5 (F) Deal With Physically Aggressive People
How frequently does this job require the worker to deal with physical aggression of violent individuals?
5 (F) High Places
How often does this job require the worker to be exposed to high places? High Places (e.g., heights above 8 feet on ladders, poles, scaffolding, catwalks, etc.)
4 (I) Take a Position Opposed to Others
How important are interactions requiring the worker to: Take a position opposed to coworkers or others?
Interest elements are ranked by occupational interest.
Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.
Investigative occupations frequently involve working with ideas, and require an extensive amount of thinking. These occupations can involve searching for facts and figuring out problems mentally.
Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow.
Enterprising occupations frequently involve starting up and carrying out projects. These occupations can involve leading people and making many decisions. Sometimes they require risk taking and often deal with business.
Artistic occupations frequently involve working with forms, designs and patterns. They often require self-expression and the work can be done without following a clear set of rules.
Social occupations frequently involve working with, communicating with, and teaching people. These occupations often involve helping or providing service to others.
Work values elements are ranked by extent.
48 Relationships-Mean Extent
Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to provide service to others and work with co-workers in a friendly non-competitive environment. Corresponding needs are Co-workers, Moral Values and Social Service.
41 Working Conditions-Mean Extent
Occupations that satisfy this work value offer job security and good working conditions. Corresponding needs are Activity, Compensation, Independence, Security, Variety and Working Conditions.
29 Support-Mean Extent
Occupations that satisfy this work value offer supportive management that stands behind employees. Corresponding needs are Company Policies, Supervision: Human Relations and Supervision: Technical.
20 Achievement-Mean Extent
Occupations that satisfy this work value are results oriented and allow employees to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment. Corresponding needs are Ability Utilization and Achievement.
15 Independence-Mean Extent
Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employs to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy.
14 Recognition-Mean Extent
Occupations that satisfy this work value offer advancement, potential for leadership, and are often considered prestigious. Corresponding needs are Advancement, Authority, Recognition and Social Status.
81 Moral Values
Workers on this job are never pressured to do things that go against their sense of right and wrong
Workers on this job do their work alone
Workers on this job are busy all the time
Workers on this job have something different to do every day
Workers on this job have steady employment
34 Working Conditions
Workers on this job have good working conditions
34 Supervision, Human Relations
Workers on this job have supervisors who back up their workers with management
Workers on this job have co-workers who are easy to get along with
28 Company Policies and Practices
Workers on this job are treated fairly by the company
28 Social Service
Workers on this job have work where they do things for other people
Workers on this job are paid well in comparison with other workers
25 Supervision, Technical
Workers on this job have supervisors who train their workers well
Workers on this job get a feeling of accomplishment
Workers on this job receive recognition for the work they do
Workers on this job plan their work with little supervision
16 Ability Utilization
Workers on this job make use of their individual abilities
Workers on this job try out their own ideas
Workers on this job have opportunities for advancement
13 Social Status
Workers on this job are looked up to by others in their company and their community
Workers on this job make decisions on their own
Workers on this job give directions and instructions to others
|DOT91 (Dictionary of Occupational Titles):||
952687010 Hydroelectric-Plant Maintainer
408687014 Laborer, Landscape
405684014 Horticultural Worker I
405687010 Flower Picker
408687018 Tree-Surgeon Helper II
408364010 Plant-Care Worker
405687018 Transplanter, Orchid
|AIM97 (Apprenticeship Information Management):||
|CEN90 (1990 Census Occupations):||
484 Nursery Workers
486 Groundskeepers and Gardeners, except Farm
453 Janitors and Cleaners
|CIP90 (Classification of Instructional Programs):||
010603 Ornamental Horticulture Operations and Management
010601 Horticulture Services Operations and Management, General
010606 Nursery Operations and Management
010604 Greenhouse Operations and Management
|GOE93 (Guide for Occupational Exploration):||
030405 Elemental Work: Plants and Animals: Services
030404 Elemental Work: Plants and Animals: Nursery and Groundskeeping
051218 Elemental Work: Mechanical: Cleaning and Maintenance
|MOC97 (Military Occupational Codes):||
|OES98 (Occupational Employment Statistics):||
79041 Laborers, Landscaping and Groundskeeping
|OPM97 (Office of Personnel Management Occupations):||
|SOC98 (Standard Occupational Classification):||
37-3011 Landscaping and Groundskeeping Workers